Statistical information Gabon 1996Gabon

Map of Gabon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Gabon in the World
Gabon in the World

Qatar Airways

Gabon - Introduction 1996
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Background: Ruled by autocratic presidents since independence from France in 1960 Gabon introduced a multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and for reforms of governmental institutions. A small population abundant natural resources and foreign private investment have helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous black African countries.

Gabon - Geography 1996
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Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Congo and Equatorial Guinea

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 267,670 km²
Land: 257,670 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Colorado

Land boundaries: Total 2,551 km, Cameroon 298 km, Congo 1,903 km, Equatorial Guinea 350 km

Coastline: 885 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; always hot, humid

Terrain: Narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south

Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m

Natural resources:
Iron ore

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 18%
Forests and woodland: 78%
Other: 2%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Gabon - People 1996
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1,172,798 (July 1996 est.)
1,155,749 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
1.47% (1996 est.)
1.46% (1995 est.)

Noun: Gabonese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Gabonese

Ethnic groups:
Bantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Eshira, Bapounou, Bateke)
Other Africans and Europeans 100,000, including 27,000 French

Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Christian 55%-75%
Muslim less than 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
34% (male 197,188; female 196,562) (July 1996 est.)
34% (male 194,761; female 193,859) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
61% (male 364,033; female 353,451) (July 1996 est.)
61% (male 359,997; female 347,839) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
5% (male 30,270; female 31,294) (July 1996 est.)
5% (male 29,075; female 30,218) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
1.47% (1996 est.)
1.46% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
28.22 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
28.34 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
13.56 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
13.72 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.) 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; poaching
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: party to_Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Tropical Timber 94

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.02 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:90.1 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
92.4 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 55,59 years (1996 est.); 55.14 years (1995 est.)
Male: 52.72 years (1996 est.); 52.31 years (1996 est.)
Female: 58.56 years (1996 est.); 58.06 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.89 children born/woman (1996 est.)
3.93 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 63.2%
Male: 73.7%
Female: 53.3%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Gabon - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Gabonese Republic
Conventional short form: Gabon
Local long form: Republique Gabonaise
Local short form: Gabon

Government type: Republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized 1990)

Capital: Libreville

Administrative divisions: 9 provinces; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue, Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-Maritime, Woleu-Ntem

Dependent areas

Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Renovation Day, 12 March (1968) (Gabonese Democratic Party established)

Constitution: Adopted 14 March 1991

Legal system: Based on French civil law system and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; compulsory ICJ jurisdiction not accepted

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President El Hadj Omar BONGO (since 2 December 1967); election last held on 5 December 1993 (next to be held 1998); results_President Omar BONGO was reelected with 51% of the vote
Head of government: Prime Minister Paulin OBAME Nguema (since 9 December 1994)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president

Legislative branch: Unicameral; note_the provision of the constitution for the establishment of a senate has not been implemented National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale):Elections last held on 5 December 1993 (next to be held by July 1996, according to the October 1994 Paris Accords; however, President BONGO has indicated that date might slip; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(120 total) PDG 64, National Recovery Movement_Lumberjacks (Morena-Bucherons/RNB) 17, PGP 12, National Recovery Movement (Morena-Original) 2, PUP 4, CLR 1, FAR 4, UPG 1, independents 15

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPEC, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Gabon: Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Gabon - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Notwithstanding its serious ongoing economic problems, Gabon enjoys a per capita income more than three times that of most nations of sub-Saharan Africa. Gabon depended on timber and manganese until oil was discovered offshore in the early 1970s. The oil sector now accounts for 50% of GDP. Real GDP growth has been feeble since 1992 and Gabon continues to face the problem of fluctuating prices for its oil, timber, manganese, and uranium exports. Despite an abundance of natural wealth, and a manageable rate of population growth, the economy is hobbled by poor fiscal management. In 1992, the fiscal deficit widened to 2.4% of GDP, and Gabon failed to settle arrears on its bilateral debt, leading to a cancellation of rescheduling agreements with official and private creditors. Devaluation of its Francophone currency by 50% on 12 January 1994 sparked a one-time inflationary surge, to 35%; the rate dropped to 15% in 1995. Nevertheless, the government must continue to keep a tight rein on spending and wage increases. The IMF and France are considering offering financial assistance in 1996 if Gabon shows progress in privatization and fiscal discipline.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
2% (1995 est.)
1.9% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Cash crops_cocoa, coffee, palm oil; livestock raising not developed; importer of food; small fishing operations provide a catch of about 20,000 metric tons; okoume (a tropical softwood) is the most important timber product

Food and beverages
Lumbering and plywood
Petroleum refining

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate -3% (1991)

Labor force: 120,000 salaried
By occupation Agriculture: 65.0%
By occupation Industry and commerce: 30.0%
By occupation Services: 2.5%
By occupation Government: 2.5%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10%-14% (1993 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $1.3 billion
Expenditures: $1.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $311 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $2.1 billion (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
$2.1 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est)

Crude oil 80%
Timber 14%
Manganese 6%

U.S. 50%
France 16%
Japan 8%
Spain 6%

Total value:
$800 million (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
$832 million (c.i.f., 1993 est.)

Chemical products
Petroleum products
Construction materials

France 35%
African countries
Netherlands (1994)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $3.8 billion (1993)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1_500.56 (January 1996), 499.15 (1995), 555.20 (1994), 283.16 (1993), 264.69 (1992), 282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990)
Note: Beginning 12 January 1994, the CFA franc was devalued to CFAF 100 per French franc from CFAF 50 at which it had been fixed since 1948

Gabon - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 910 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 757 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Gabon - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 22,000 telephones
Local: NA
Intercity: adequate system, comprising cable, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, radiocommunication stations, and 12 domestic satellite links
International: 3 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Gabon - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $154 million, 2.4% of GDP (1993)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Gabon - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 54
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 8
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 15
With paved runways under 914 m: 21

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 8
914 to 1523 m: 15
Under 914 m: 21

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: Crude oil 270 km; petroleum products 14 km



Waterways: 1,600 km perennially navigable

Merchant marine: total:3 bulk (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 36,976 GRT/60,319 DWT (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals

Gabon - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Undercover Tourist

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