Statistical information Gibraltar 1996Gibraltar

Map of Gibraltar | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Gibraltar in the World
Gibraltar in the World

Gibraltar - Introduction 1996
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Background: Strategically important Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in 1713. In a 1967 referendum Gibraltarians ignored Spanish pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency.

Gibraltar - Geography 1996
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Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 6.5 km²
Land: 6.5 km²
Comparative: about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: Total 1.2 km, Spain 1.2 km

Coastline: 12 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:3 nm

Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers

Terrain: A narrow coastal lowland borders The Rock
Lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m


Natural resources: Negligible
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Gibraltar - People 1996
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28,765 (July 1996 est.)
31,874 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.54% (1996 est.)
0.62% (1995 est.)

Noun: Gibraltarian(s)
Adjective: Gibraltar

Ethnic groups: Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish

Languages: English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Russian

Roman Catholic 74%
Protestant 11% (Church of England 8%
Other 3%), Moslem 8%
Jewish 2%
None or other 5% (1981)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
20% (male 3,109; female 2,728) (July 1996 est.)
24% (male 3,835; female 3,757) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
66% (male 10,668; female 8,292) (July 1996 est.)
63% (male 10,485; female 9,730) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
14% (male 1,582; female 2,386) (July 1996 est.)
13% (male 1,707; female 2,360) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.54% (1996 est.)
0.62% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
13.94 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
15 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
8.73 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
8.85 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
0.21 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: limited natural freshwater resources, so large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rain water
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: NA
International agreements note: Strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio: at birth:1.04 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.29 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.15 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:6.9 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
7.9 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.83 years (1996 est.), 76.61 years (1995 est.)
Male: 74.5 years (1996 est.), 73.7 years (1995 est.)
Female: 81.31 years (1996 est.), 79.48 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.26 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.29 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: definition:NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Gibraltar - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Gibraltar

Government type: Dependent territory of the U.K.

Capital: Gilbraltar

Administrative divisions: None (dependent territory of the U.K.)

Dependent areas

Independence: None (dependent territory of the U.K.)

National holiday: Commonwealth Day (second Monday of March)

Constitution: 30 May 1969

Legal system: English law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal, plus other U.K. subjects resident six months or more

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor and Commander in Chief Gen. Sir John CHAPPLE (since NA March 1993)
Head of government: Chief Minister Joe BOSSANO (since 25 March 1988) Gibraltar Council:Advises the governor
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed from the elected members of the Assembly by the governor in consultation with the chief minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral House of Assembly:Elections last held January 1992

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: INTERPOL (subbureau)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Gibraltar: Two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Gibraltar - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade and offshore banking. The British military presence has been severely reduced and now only contributes about 11% to the local economy. The financial sector accounts for 15% of GDP; tourism, shipping services fees, and duties on consumer goods also generate revenue. Because more than 70% of the economy is in the public sector, changes in government spending have a major impact on the level of employment.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: None

Tourism, banking and finance, construction, commerce
Support to large U.K. naval and air bases
Transit trade and supply depot in the port
Light manufacturing of tobacco, roasted coffee, ice, mineral waters, candy, beer, and canned fish

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: 14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers)
Note: U.K. military establishments and civil government employ nearly 50% of the labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $116 million
Expenditures: $124 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1992-93)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July_30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $57 million (f.o.b., 1992)
(principally re-exports) petroleum 51%
Manufactured goods 41%
Other 8%


Imports: total value:$420 million (c.i.f., 1992)
Manufactured goods
And foodstuffs


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $318 million (1987)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Gibraltar pounds (#G) per US$1_0.6535 (January 1996), 0.6335 (1995), 0.6529 (1994), 0.6658 (1993), 0.5664 (1992), 0.5652 (1991), 0.5603 (1990; note_the Gibraltar pound is at par with the British pound

Gibraltar - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 90 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 2,539 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Gibraltar - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 19,529 telephones (1993 est.); adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international radiocommunication and microwave facilities
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: 1 INTELSAT (Atlantic Ocean) earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Gibraltar - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Gibraltar - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: None




Merchant marine
Total: 19 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 357,730 GRT/635,769 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 3, chemical tanker 1, container 1, oil tanker 13 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals

Gibraltar - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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