Statistical information Grenada 1996Grenada

Map of Grenada | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Grenada in the World
Grenada in the World


Grenada - Introduction 1996
top of page

Background: The smallest independent country in the western hemisphere Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year.

Grenada - Geography 1996
top of page

Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 340 km²
Land: 340 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 121 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Terrain: Volcanic in origin with central mountains
Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m


Natural resources:
Tropical fruit
Deepwater harbors

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 15%
Permanent crops: 26%
Permanent pastures: 3%
Forests and woodland: 9%
Other: 47%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Grenada - People 1996
top of page

94,961 (July 1996 est.)
94,486 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.55% (1996 est.)
0.45% (1995 est.)

Noun: Grenadian(s)
Adjective: Grenadian

Ethnic groups: Black African

Languages: English (official), French patois

Religions: Roman Catholic, Anglican, other Protestant sects

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
43% (male 20,975; female 20,246) (July 1996 est.)
43% (male 20,824; female 20,076) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
52% (male 26,089; female 23,068) (July 1996 est.)
52% (male 25,828; female 23,123) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
5% (male 2,112; female 2,471) (July 1996 est.)
5% (male 2,121; female 2,514) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.55% (1996 est.)
0.45% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
29.13 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
29.69 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
5.74 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
5.95 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
-17.87 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-19.24 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
International agreements: party to_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
International agreements note: The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.07 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:11.9 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
12.1 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.89 years (1996 est.); 70.67 years (1995 est.)
Male: 68.39 years (1996 est.); 68.2 years (195 est.)
Female: 73.44 years (1996 est.); 73.17 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
3.78 children born/woman (1996 est.)
3.85 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1970)
Total population: 98%
Male: 98%
Female: 98%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Grenada - Government 1996
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Grenada

Government type: Parliamentary democracy

Capital: Saint George's

Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petit Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick

Dependent areas

Independence: 7 February 1974 (from U.K.)

National holiday: Independence Day, 7 February (1974)

Constitution: 19 December 1973

Legal system: Based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), a hereditary monarch, is represented by Governor General Reginald Oswald PALMER (since 6 August 1992)
Head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 June 1995) was appointed from members of the House of Assembly by the governor general
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the governor general on advice of the prime minister

Legislative branch: Bicameral Parliament Senate:Consists of a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government and 3 by the Leader of the Opposition House of Representatives:Elections last held on 20 June 1995 (next to be held by NA October 2000; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(15 total) NDC 5, GULP 2, NNP 8

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WToO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Grenada: A rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side) with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red bo.htm three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia; the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Grenada - Economy 1996
top of page

Economy overview: The economy is essentially agricultural and centers on the traditional production of spices and tropical plants. Agriculture accounts for about 10% of GDP and 80% of exports and employs 24% of the labor force. Tourism is the leading foreign exchange earner, followed by agricultural exports. Manufacturing remains relatively undeveloped, but is growing due to a favorable private investment climate since 1983. The economy achieved an impressive average annual growth rate of 5.5% in 1986-91 but has slowed since 1992. The new MITCHELL government has moved forward with a plan to eliminate personal income tax in the hope of spurring domestic consumption.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
3% (1995 est.)
0.5% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 10.2% of GDP and 80% of exports; bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, and mace account for two-thirds of total crop production; world's second-largest producer and fourth-largest exporter of nutmeg and mace; small-sized farms predominate, growing a variety of citrus fruits, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, and vegetables

Food and beverage
Light assembly operations

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 1.8% (1992 est.), accounts for 40.3% of GDP

Labor force: 36,000
By occupation Services: 31%
By occupation Agriculture: 24%
By occupation Construction: 8%
By occupation Manufacturing: 5%
By occupation Other: 32% (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25% (1994 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $75.7 million (1996 est.); $82.2 million (1993 est.)
Expenditures: $126.7 million, including capital expenditures of $51 million (1996 est.); $74.3 million, including capital expenditures of $11.8 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $24.2 million (f.o.b., 1995 est.)
$18.6 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)

Fruit and vegetables

Caricom 32.3%
U.K. 20%
United States 13%
Netherlands 8.8% (1991)

Total value:
$162.2 million (f.o.b., 1995 est.)
$133.8 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)

Food 25%
Manufactured goods 22%
Machinery 20%
Chemicals 10%
Fuel 6% (1989)

U.S. 31.2%
Caricom 23.6%
U.K. 13.8%
Japan 7.1% (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external:
$89.1 million (1995 est.)
$89.9 million (1993)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1_2.70 (fixed rate since 1976)

Grenada - Energy 1996
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 60 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 639 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Grenada - Communication 1996
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 5,650 telephones; automatic, islandwide telephone system; SHF radio links to the islands of Trinidad, Tobago, and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to the islands of Trinidad and Carriacou
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: SHF, VHF, and UHF radio communications

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Grenada - Military 1996
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Grenada - Transportation 1996
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals

Grenada - Transnational issues 1996
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it