Statistical information Hong Kong 1996Hong%20Kong

Map of Hong Kong | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Hong Kong in the World
Hong Kong in the World


Hong Kong - Introduction 1996
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Background: Pursuant to the agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong will become a special administrative region of China on 1 July 1997. Under the terms of this agreement, China has promised that Hong Kong shall enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs.

Hong Kong - Geography 1996
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Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China

Geographic coordinates: 22 15 N, 114 10 E

Map referenceSoutheast Asia

Total: 1,092 km²
Land: 1,042 km²
Water: 50 km²
Comparative: six times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
Total: 30 km
Border countries: (1) China 30 km

Coastline: 733 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:3 nm

Climate: tropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall

Terrain: hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north

Extremes lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m

Natural resources: outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 6%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 1%
Forests and woodland: 22%
Other: 70% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: occasional typhoons


Hong Kong - People 1996
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Population: 6,547,189 (July 1997 est.)
Growth rate: 2.59% (1997 est.)

Noun: Chinese
Adjective: Chinese

Ethnic groups: Chinese 95%, other 5%

Languages: Chinese (Cantonese), English

Religions: eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 19% (male 629,981; female 584,807)
15-64 years: 71% (male 2,319,009; female 2,348,794)
65 years and over: 10% (male 299,503; female 365,095) (July 1997 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.59% (1997 est.)

Birth rate: 12.72 births/1000 population (1997 est.)

Death rate: 5.79 deaths/1000 population (1997 est.)

Net migration rate: 18.94 migrant(s)/1000 population (1997 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: air and water pollution from rapid urbanization
International agreements party to: NA
International agreements signed but not ratified: NA
International agreements note: more than 200 islands

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (1997 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.3 deaths/1000 live births (1997 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 78.71 years
Male: 75.98 years
Female: 81.62 years (1997 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.33 children born/woman (1997 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 92.2%
Male: 96%
Female: 88.2% (1996 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Hong Kong - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Hong Kong
Abbreviation: HK

Government type: NA

Capital: Victoria

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK; the UK signed an agreement with China on 19 December 1984 to return Hong Kong to China on 1 July 1997; in the joint declaration, China promises to respect Hong Kong's existing social and economic systems and lifestyle)

National holiday: Liberation Day, 29 August (1945)

Constitution: the Letters Patent together with the Royal Instructions form the written constitution of Hong Kong; new Basic Law approved in March 1990 in preparation for scheduled reversion to China on 1 July 1997

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: direct election 18 years of age; universal for permanent residents living in the territory of Hong Kong for the past seven years; indirect election limited to about 100,000 professionals of electoral college and functional constituencies

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II of the UK (since 6 February 1952)
Head of government: Governor and President of the Executive Council Christopher Francis PATTEN (since 9 July 1992); Chief Secretary Anson CHAN Fang On-Sang (since 29 November 1993)
Cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor
Elections: none; the queen is a hereditary monarch; governor appointed by the queen

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council (60 seats; 30 indirectly elected by functional constituencies, 20 elected by popular vote, and 10 elected by election committee; members serve four-year terms); note_the Legislative Council will be replaced by a provisional legislature on 1 July 1997
Elections: indirect and direct elections last held 17 September 1995; note_elections for the first post-reversion Legislative Council are scheduled to be held in 1998
Election results: percent of vote by party_NA; seats by party_Democratic Party 21, Liberal Party 10, Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong 6, other parties and independents 23; note_subsequent to the election, there has been a change in the distribution of seats; the new distribution is as follows - Democratic Party 19, Liberal Party 10, Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong 6, other parties and independents 25

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: APEC, AsDB, BIS (pending member), CCC, ESCAP (associate), ICFTU, IMO (associate), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, ISO (correspondent), WCL, WMO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (dependent territory of the UK)
From the us chief of mission: Consul General Richard A. BOUCHER
From the us consulates general: 26 Garden Road, Hong Kong
From the us mailing address: PSC 464, Box 30, FPO AP 96,522-0002
From the us telephone: [852] 2,523-9,011
From the us FAX: [852] 2,845-1598

Flag descriptionflag of Hong%20Kong: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant with the Hong Kong coat of arms on a white disk centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a shield (bearing two junks below a crown) held by a lion (representing the UK) and a dragon (representing China) with another lion above the shield and a banner bearing the words HONG KONG below the shield
Note: to be replaced on 1 July 1997 by a red flag with a stylized, white, five-petal bauhinia flower in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Hong Kong - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Hong Kong has a bustling free market economy with few tariffs or nontariff barriers. Natural resources are limited, and food and raw materials must be imported. Manufacturing and construction account for about 18% of GDP. Goods and services exports account for about 50% of GDP. Real GDP growth averaged a remarkable 8% in 1987-88, slowed to 3.0% in 1989-90, and picked up to 4.2% in 1991, 5.0% in 1992, 5.2% in 1993, 5.5% in 1994, 4.8% in 1995, and 4.7% in 1996. A shortage of labor continues to put upward pressure on prices and the cost of living. Prospects for 1997 remain bright so long as major trading partners continue to be reasonably prosperous and so long as investors feel China will support free market practices after the takeover on 1 July 1997.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4.7% (1996 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 0.2%
Industry: 18.4%
Services: 81.4% (1995 est.)

Agriculture products: fresh vegeTABLEs; poultry

Industries: textiles, clothing, tourism, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks

Industrial production growth rate: -2.6% (1996)

Labor force
Total: 3.251 million (1996)
By occupation wholesaleandretailtrade restaurants and hotels: 34.4%
By occupation services: 19.8%
By occupation manufacturing: 14.2%
By occupation financing insurance andrealestate: 12.4%
By occupation transport and communications: 5.1%
By occupation construction: 2.1%
By occupation other: 12% (1994)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.1% (1996 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $19 billion
Expenditures: $14.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $289 million (FY95/96 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April_31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value :$197.2 billion (including reexports; f.o.b., 1996 est.)
Commodities: clothing, textiles, yarn and fabric, footwear, electrical appliances, watches and clocks, toys
Partners: China 33%, US 22%, Japan 6%, Germany 4%, UK 3%, Singapore 3% (1995)

Imports: total value:$217.2 billion (c.i.f., 1996 est.)
Commodities: foodstuffs, transport equipment, raw materials, semimanufactures, petroleum; a large share is reexported
Partners: China 36%, Japan 15%, Taiwan 9%, US 8%, Singapore 5%, South Korea 5% (1995)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: none (1996)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Hong Kong dollars (HK$) per US$ 7.730 (1996), 7.800 (1995), 7.800 (1994), 7.800 (1993), 7.741 (1992; note_linked to the US dollar at the rate of about 7.8 HK$ per 1 US$

Hong Kong - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,716 kWh (1995 est.)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Hong Kong - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: modern facilities provide excellent domestic and international services
Domestic: microwave radio relay links and extensive fiber-optic network
International: satellite earth stations_3 Intelsat (1 Pacific Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); coaxial cable to Guangzhou, China; access to 5 international submarine cables providing connections to ASEAN member nations, Japan, Taiwan, Australia, Middle East, and Western Europe

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Hong Kong - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $207 million (FY92/93; note_this represents 65% of the total cost of defending the colony, the remainder being paid by the UK
Percent of gdp: 0.2% (FY92/93)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Hong Kong - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 (1996 est.)
Note: new international airport under construction and will open in 1998
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (1996 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
Over 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (1996 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 1 (1996 est.)


Total: 34 km
Standard gauge: 34 km 1.435-m gauge (1996 est.)
Note: also has 43 km of metro with 38 stations



Merchant marine
Total: 221 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,908,237 GRT/13,580,012 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 124, cargo 31, combination bulk 4, combination ore/oil 2, container 38, liquefied gas tanker 2, multifunction large load carrier 2, oil tanker 11, refrigerated cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off cargo 1, short-sea passenger 1, vehicle carrier 3
Note: a flag of convenience registry; includes ships from 15 countries among which are UK 50, South Africa 12, Belgium 10, China 9, Japan 8, Bermuda 5, US 5, Israel 4, Germany 3, and Switzerland 3; Hong Kong owns an additional 498 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 18,810,794 DWT that operate under the registries of The Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Cyprus, Liberia, Malta, Panama, Philippines, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Vanuatu

Ports and terminals

Hong Kong - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: a hub for Southeast Asian heroin trade; transshipment and money-laundering center; increasing indigenous amphetamine abuse

Qatar Airways

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