Statistical information Jordan 1996Jordan

Map of Jordan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Jordan in the World

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Jordan - Introduction 1996
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Background: For most of its history since independence from British administration in 1946 Jordan was ruled by King HUSSEIN (1953-1996). A pragmatic ruler he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US USSR and UK) various Arab states Israel and a large internal Palestinian population through several wars and coup attempts. In 1989 he resumed parliamentary elections and gradually permitted political liberalization; in 1994 a formal peace treaty was signed with Israel.


Jordan - Geography 1996
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Location: Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 89,213 km²
Land: 88,884 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

Land boundaries: Total 1,619 km, Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 728 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 km

Coastline: 26 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:3 nm

Climate: Mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)

Terrain: Mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan River

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
Extremes highest point: Jabal Ram 1,754 m

Natural resources:
Phosphates
Potash
Shale oil

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 4%
Permanent crops: 0.5%
Permanent pastures: 1%
Forests and woodland: 0.5%
Other: 94%

Irrigated land: 570 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Jordan - People 1996
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Population:
4,212,152 (July 1996 est.)
4,100,709 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
2.65% (1996 est.)
2.69% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Jordanian(s)
Adjective: Jordanian

Ethnic groups:
Arab 98%
Circassian 1%
Armenian 1%


Languages: Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes

Religions:
Sunni Muslim 92%
Christian 8%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
44% (male 949,822; female 903,043) (July 1996 est.)
44% (male 930,266; female 884,462) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
53% (male 1,153,360; female 1,091,416) (July 1996 est.)
53% (male 1,119,347; female 1,058,060) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
3% (male 57,783; female 56,728) (July 1996 est.)
3% (male 54,865; female 53,709) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
2.65% (1996 est.)
2.69% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
36.67 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
37.32 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
3.95 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
4.02 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
-6.23 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-6.4 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: party to_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Desertification, Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.05 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:31.5 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
32.3 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 72.48 years (1996 est.); 72.27 years (1995 est.)
Male: 70.62 years (1996 est.); 70.43 years (1995 est.)
Female: 74.45 years (1996 est.); 74.21 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.1 children born/woman (1996 est.)
5.25 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 86.6%
Male: 93.4%
Female: 79.4%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Jordan - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Conventional short form: Jordan
Local long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah
Local short form: Al Urdun
Former: Transjordan

Government type: Constitutional monarchy

Capital: Amman

Administrative divisions: 8 governorates (muhafazat, singular_muhafazah; Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, 'Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa', Irbid, Ma'an

Dependent areas

Independence: 25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)

National holiday: Independence Day, 25 May (1946)

Constitution: 8 January 1952

Legal system: Based on Islamic law and French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in a specially provided High Tribunal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: King HUSSEIN Bin Talal Al Hashimi (since 2 May 1953) is a constitutional monarch
Head of government: Prime Minister Abd al-Karim al-KABARITI (since 4 February 1996) was appointed by the king
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch

Legislative branch: Bicameral National Assembly (Majlis al-'Umma) House of Notables (Majlis Al-A'ayan):Consists of a 40-member body appointed by the king from designated categories of public figures House of Representatives:Elections last held 8 November 1993 (next to be held NA November 1997); results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(80 total) IAF 16, Jordanian National Alliance Party 4, Al-Yaqazah Party 2, Al-Watan Party 2, Al-'Ahd Party 2, Jordanian Arab Democratic Party 2, Al-Mustaqbal Party 1, Jordanian Arab Socialist Ba'th Party 1, Jordanian Democratic Progressive Party 1, Jordanian People's Democratic Party-Hashd 1, Jordanian Socialist Democratic Party 1, independents 47
Note: The House of Representatives has been convened and dissolved by the King several times since 1974 and in November 1989 the first parliamentary elections in 22 years were held

Judicial branch: Court of Cassation

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ABEDA, ACC, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, PCA, UN, UNAMIR, UNAVEM III, UNCRO, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIH, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UNOMIL, UNPREDEP, UNPROFOR, UNRWA, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Jordan: Three equal horizontal bands of black (top), white, and green with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a small white seven-pointed star; the seven points on the star represent the seven fundamental laws of the Koran

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Jordan - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Jordan is a small Arab country with inadequate supplies of water and other natural resources such as oil and coal. Jordan benefited from increased Arab aid during the oil boom of the late 1970s and early 1980s, when its annual real GNP growth averaged more than 10%. In the remainder of the 1980s, however, reductions in both Arab aid and worker remittances slowed real economic growth to an average of roughly 2% per year. Imports_mainly oil, capital goods, consumer durables, and food_outstripped exports, with the difference covered by aid, remittances, and borrowing. In mid-1989, the Jordanian Government began debt-rescheduling negotiations and agreed to implement an IMF-supported program designed to gradually reduce the budget deficit and implement badly needed structural reforms. The Persian Gulf crisis that began in August 1990, however, aggravated Jordan's already serious economic problems, forcing the government to shelve the IMF program, stop most debt payments, and suspend rescheduling negotiations. Aid from Gulf Arab states, worker remittances, and trade contracted; and refugees flooded the country, producing serious balance-of-payments problems, stunting GDP growth, and straining government resources. The economy rebounded in 1992, largely due to the influx of capital repatriated by workers returning from the Gulf, but the recovery was uneven throughout 1994 and 1995. The government is implementing the reform program adopted in 1992 and continues to secure rescheduling and write-offs of its heavy foreign debt. Debt, poverty, and unemployment remain Jordan's biggest on-going problems.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
6.5% (1995 est.)
5.5% (1994 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 11% of GDP; wheat, barley, citrus fruit, tomatoes, melons, olives; sheep, goats, poultry; large net importer of food

Industries:
Phosphate mining
Petroleum refining
Cement
Potash
Light manufacturing


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 5.6% (1994 est.), 3% (1993 est.), accounts for 25% of GDP

Labor force: 600,000 (1992)
By occupation Industry:
11.4%
Commerce

By occupation restaurants and hotels: 10.5%
By occupation construction: 10.0%
By occupation transport and communications: 8.7%
By occupation agriculture: 7.4%
By occupation other services: 52.0% (1992)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 16% (1994 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $2.5 billion (1996 est.); $2 billion (1995 est.)
Expenditures: $2.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $640 million (1996 est.); $2.4 billion, including capital expenditures of $630 million (1995 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $1.7 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
Commodities:
Phosphates
Fertilizers
Potash
Agricultural products
Manufactures

Partners:
India
Iraq
Saudi Arabia
EU
Indonesia
UAE


Imports: total value:$3.8 billion (c.i.f., 1994)
Commodities:
Crude oil
Machinery
Transport equipment
Food
Live animals
Manufactured goods

Partners:
EU
U.S.
Iraq
Japan
Turkey


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $6.9 billion (1995 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Jordanian dinars (JD) per US$1_0.7090 (January 1996), 0.7005 (1995), 0.6987 (1994), 0.6928 (1993), 0.6797 (1992), 0.6808 (1991), 0.6636 (1990)


Jordan - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 4.2 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,072 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Jordan - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 81,500 telephones; adequate telephone system
Local: NA microwave, cable, and radio links
Intercity: NA
International: satellite earth stations_2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Syria; microwave radio relay to Lebanon is inactive; participant in Medarabtel

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Jordan - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $589 million, 8.2% of GDP (1996; $564.2 million, 9.1% of GDP (1995 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Jordan - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 14
With paved runways over 3047 m: 10
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 3
With paved runways under 914 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 10
2438 to 3047 m: 3
Under 914 m: 1

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: Crude oil 209 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: total:3 bulk ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 41,960 GRT/67,515 DWT (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals


Jordan - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Volotea Air


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