Statistical information Kuwait 1996Kuwait

Map of Kuwait | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Kuwait in the World
Kuwait in the World

Crystal Travel

Kuwait - Introduction 1996
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Background: Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment a US-led UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that completely liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait has spent more than $5 billion dollars to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.

Kuwait - Geography 1996
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Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 17,820 km²
Land: 17,820 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries: Total 464 km, Iraq 242 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km

Coastline: 499 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: Dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters

Terrain: Flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
Highest point: 306 m


Natural resources:
Natural gas

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 8%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 92%

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Kuwait - People 1996
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1,950,047 (July 1996 est.)
1,817,397 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
6.65% (1996 est.)
7.46% (1995 est.)

Growth rate note: This rate reflects the continued post-Gulf crisis return of nationals and expatriates

Noun: Kuwaiti(s)
Adjective: Kuwaiti

Ethnic groups:
Kuwaiti 45%
Other Arab 35%
South Asian 9%
Iranian 4%
Other 7%

Languages: Arabic (official), English widely spoken

Muslim 85% (Shi'a 30%
Sunni 45%
Other 10%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
33% (male 334,778; female 317,241) (July 1996 est.)
34% (male 319,659; female 302,908) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
65% (male 757,535; female 507,064) (July 1996 est.)
64% (male 697,849; female 467,163) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
2% (male 18,459; female 14,970) (July 1996 est.)
2% (male 16,342; female 13,476) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
6.65% (1996 est.)
7.46% (1995 est.)

Note: This rate reflects the continued post-Gulf crisis return of nationals and expatriates

Birth rate:
20.28 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
21.07 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
2.2 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
2.2 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
48.46 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
55.71 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Current issues Natural hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April, they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and duststorms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
International agreements: party to_Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping
International agreements note: Strategic location at head of Persian Gulf

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.49 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.23 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.32 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:11.1 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
11.5 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 75.92 (1996 est.); 75.64 years (1995 est.)
Male: 73.59 years (1996 est.); 73.33 years (1995 est.)
Female: 78.38 years (1996 est.); 78.06 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.82 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.93 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 78.6%
Male: 82.2%
Female: 74.9%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Kuwait - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: State of Kuwait
Conventional short form: Kuwait
Local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt
Local short form: Al Kuwayt

Government type: Nominal constitutional monarchy

Capital: Kuwait

Administrative divisions: 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular_muhafazah; Al 'Ahmadi, Al Jahrah, Al Kuwayt, Hawalli, Al Farwaniyah

Dependent areas

Independence: 19 June 1961 (from U.K.)

National holiday: National Day, 25 February (1950)

Constitution: Approved and promulgated 11 November 1962

Legal system: Civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: Adult males who have been naturalized for 30 years or more or have resided in Kuwait since before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21
Note: Only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; in 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized for thirty years will be eligible to vote

Executive branch
Chief of state: Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 December 1977) is a hereditary monarch of the MUBARAK line of the ruling Sabah family
Head of government: Prime Minister and Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah (since 8 February 1978), First Deputy Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 17 October 1992), and Second Deputy Prime Minister Nasir Abdallah al-RUDAN (since NA) were appointed by the Amir
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the Prime Minister and approved by the Amir

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly (Majlis Al-umma):Dissolved 3 July 1986; new elections were held on 5 October 1992 with a second election in the 14th and 16th constituencies held February 1993 (next to be held NA September 1996; elected members serve four-year terms; results_percent of vote NA; seats_(50 total) independents 50; note_all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly

Judicial branch: High Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Kuwait: Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Kuwait - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Kuwait is a small and relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of about 94 billion barrels_10% of world reserves. Kuwait has rebuilt its war-ravaged petroleum sector; its crude oil production averaged 2.0 million barrels per day in 1994. The government continues to record large fiscal deficits. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 90% of export revenues, and 70% of government income. Kuwait lacks water and has practically no arable land, thus preventing development of agriculture. With the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Because of its high per capita income, comparable with Western European incomes, Kuwait provides its citizens with extensive health, educational, and retirement benefits. Per capita military expenditures are among the highest in the world. The economy improved moderately in 1994-95, with the growth in industry and finance. The World Bank has urged Kuwait to push ahead with privatization, including in the oil industry, but the government will move slowly on this front.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
3% (1995 est.)
9.3% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Practically none; extensive fishing in territorial waters and Indian Ocean

Food processing
Building materials

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 1% (1995 est.), accounts for 55% of GDP

Labor force: 1 million (1994 est.)
By occupation Industry and agriculture: 25.0%
By occupation Services: 25.0%
By occupation Government and social services: 50.0%
By occupation note: 80% of labor force non-Kuwaiti (1994 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NEGL% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $9.7 billion (FY95/96 est.); $9 billion (FY92/93)
Expenditures: $14.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY95/96 est.); $13 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (FY92/93)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July_30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $11.9 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
$10.5 billion (f.o.b., 1993)

Commodities: Oil
U.S. 23%
Japan 13%
Germany 10%
U.K. 9%
France 8%

Total value:
$6.7 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
$6.6 billion (f.o.b., 1993)

Construction materials
Vehicles and parts

U.S. 14%
Japan 12%
Germany 8%
U.K. 7%
France 6% (1994 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $7.2 billion (December 1989 est.)
Note: External debt has grown substantially in 1991 and 1992 to pay for restoration of war damage

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Kuwaiti dinars (KD) per US$1_0.2993 (January 1996), 0.2984 (1995), 0.2976 (1994), 0.3017 (1993), 0.2934 (1992), 0.2843 (1991), 0.2915 (1990)

Kuwait - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 11 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 6,007 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Kuwait - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 548,000 telephones (1991 est.); the civil network suffered some damage as a result of the Gulf war, but most of the telephone exchanges were left intact and, by the end of 1994, domestic and international telecommunications had been restored to normal operation; the quality of service is excellent
Domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, open wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait and the country is well supplied with pay telephones
International: coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; satellite earth stations_3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 1 Arabsat

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Kuwait - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.5 billion, 12.8% of GDP (FY95/96)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Kuwait - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 4
With paved runways over 3047 m: 3
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 3
2438 to 3047 m: 1 (1995 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 1 (1995 est.)

Pipelines: Crude oil 877 km; petroleum products 40 km; natural gas 165 km




Merchant marine
Total: 46 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,053,667 GRT/3,242,305 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 10, container 3, liquefied gas tanker 7, livestock carrier 4, oil tanker 21, vehicle carrier 1 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals

Kuwait - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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