Statistical information Lithuania 1996Lithuania

Map of Lithuania | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Lithuania in the World
Lithuania in the World


Lithuania - Introduction 1996
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Background: Independent between the two World Wars Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. In March of 1990 Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence but this proclamation was not generally recognized until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993.

Lithuania - Geography 1996
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Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 65,200 km²
Land: 65,200 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia

Land boundaries: Total 1,273 km, Belarus 502 km, Latvia 453 km, Poland 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 227 km

Coastline: 108 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: Maritime; wet, moderate winters and summers

Terrain: Lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil

Extremes lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Juozapine Kalnas 292 m

Natural resources: Peat
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 49.1%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 22.2%
Forests and woodland: 16.3%
Other: 12.4%

Irrigated land: 430 km² (1990)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Lithuania - People 1996
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3,646,041 (July 1996 est.)
3,876,396 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
-0.35% (1996 est.)
0.71% (1995 est.)

Noun: Lithuanian(s)
Adjective: Lithuanian

Ethnic groups:
Lithuanian 82%
Russian 8.6%
Polish 7.7%
Belorussian 1.5%
Other 2.1%

Languages: Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian

Religions: Roman Catholic, Lutheran, other

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
22% (male 400,823; female 384,592) (July 1996 est.)
23% (male 444,556; female 426,616) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
66% (male 1,162,626; female 1,244,103) (July 1996 est.)
65% (male 1,227,420; female 1,299,052) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
12% (male 154,862; female 299,035) (July 1996 est.)
12% (male 165,535; female 313,217) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
-0.35% (1996 est.)
0.71% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
12.93 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
14.46 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
13.33 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
10.95 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
-3.09 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
3.62 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: party to_Climate Change, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity, Ozone Layer Protection

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.52 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.89 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:17 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
16.5 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 68.03 years (1996 est.), 71.37 years (1995 est.)
Male: 62.15 years 91,996 est.), 66.68 years (1995 est.)
Female: 74.21 years (1996 est.), 76.3 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.78 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1989)
Total population: 98%
Male: 99%
Female: 98%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Lithuania - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
Conventional short form: Lithuania
Local long form: Lietuvos Respublika
Local short form: Lietuva
Former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type: Republic

Capital: Vilnius

Administrative divisions: 44 regions (rajonai, singular_rajonas) and 11 Municipalities*:Akmenes Rajonas, Alytaus Rajonas, Alytus*, Anyksciu Rajonas, Birsionas*, Birzu Rajonas, Druskininkai*, Ignalinos Rajonas, Jonavos Rajonas, Joniskio Rajonas, Jurbarko Rajonas, Kaisiadoriu Rajonas, Marijampoles Rajonas, Kaunas*, Kauno Rajonas, Kedainiu Rajonas, Kelmes Rajonas, Klaipeda*, Klaipedos Rajonas, Kretingos Rajonas, Kupiskio Rajonas, Lazdiju Rajonas, Marijampole*, Mazeikiu Rajonas, Moletu Rajonas, Neringa* Pakruojo Rajonas, Palanga*, Panevezio Rajonas, Panevezys*, Pasvalio Rajonas, Plunges Rajonas, Prienu Rajonas, Radviliskio Rajonas, Raseiniu Rajonas, Rokiskio Rajonas, Sakiu Rajonas, Salcininky Rajonas, Siauliai*, Siauliu Rajonas, Silales Rajonas, Siltues Rajonas, Sirvinty Rajonas, Skuodo Rajonas, Svencioniu Rajonas, Taurages Rajonas, Telsiu Rajonas, Traky Rajonas, Ukmerges Rajonas, Utenos Rajonas, Varenos Rajonas, Vilkaviskio Rajonas, Vilniaus Rajonas, Vilnius*, Zarasu Rajonas

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Independence Day, 16 February (1918)

Constitution: Adopted 25 October 1992

Legal system: Based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: In the elections held 21 december 1997, non of the candidates won a majority (Arturas Palauskas 45%; Valdas Adamkus 16%) which means a second round is held on 4 january 1998
(NA; 4 january 1998 elections will be held)
25 november 1992-4 january 1998: President Algirdas Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS
6 september 1991-24 november 1992: President Vytautas LANDSBERGIS

Head of government: Premier Adolfas SLEZEVICIUS (since 10 March 1993)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral Seimas (parliament):Elections last held Autumn 1996 (next to be held NA 1996; results_NA

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeals

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NACC, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCRO, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (applicant)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Lithuania: Three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Lithuania - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Since declaring independence in 1990, Lithuania has implemented reforms aimed at eliminating the vestiges of the former socialist system. With the help of the IMF and other international institutions, the government has adopted a disciplined program to restrain inflation, reduce price controls, lower the budget deficit and privatize the economy. Lithuania has embarked on a series of price liberalizations; most price controls have been abolished. More than two-thirds of its industrial facilities as well as most housing and agricultural enterprises have been privatized, although important "strategic" enterprises have been exempted from privatization_namely energy and telecommunications. While Lithuania has reduced its trade dependence on Russia and other republics of the FSU from 85% in 1991 to about 40% in 1995, Russia remains Lithuania's leading trading partner. Lithuania has made great strides in reducing its annual rate of inflation_from over 1,100% in 1992 to about 35% in 1995. Production bottomed out in 1994-95. A banking crisis beginning in September, during which central bank reserves dropped one-third, held back growth in 1995. If the government can stay the course on economic reform and fiscal discipline_which may be politically difficult in the election year of 1996_Lithuania could be set for strong economic growth in the near term. As for real resources, Lithuania's growth depends largely on its ability to exploit its strategic location_with its ice-free port at Klaipeda and its rail and highway hub in Vilnius connecting it with Eastern Europe, Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. Lacking important natural resources, it will remain dependent on imports of fuels and raw materials.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
1% (1995 est.)
-0.5% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Employs around 18% of labor force; accounts for 25% of GDP; sugar, grain, potatoes, sugar beets, vegetables, meat, milk, dairy products, eggs, fish; most developed are the livestock and dairy branches, which depend on imported grain; net exporter of meat, milk, and eggs

Industry's share in the economy has been declining substantially over the past year, due to the economic crisis and the growth of services in the economy
Among branches which are still

Important: metal-cutting machine tools 6.6%, electric motors 4.6%,
Television sets 6.2 refrigerators and freezers 5.4; other branches: Petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, and amber

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate -52% (1992; accounts for 35% of GDP

Labor force: 1.836 million
By occupation Industry and construction: 42%
By occupation Agriculture and forestry: 18%
By occupation Other: 40% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
6.1% (January 1996)
4.5% (January 1995)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $258.5 million
Expenditures: $270.2 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $2.2 billion (1994)
Electronics 18%
Petroleum products 5%
Food 10%
Chemicals 6% (1989)


Imports: total value:$2.7 billion (1994)
Oil 24%
Machinery 14%
Chemicals 8%
Grain NA (1989)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $895 million

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Litai per US$1_4.000 (January 1996), 4.000 (1995), 3.978 (1994), 4.344 (1993), 1.773 (1992; note_fixed rate since 1 May 1994

Lithuania - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 18.9 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 4,608 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Lithuania - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 900,000 telephones; 240 telephones/1000 persons; telecommunications system ranks among the most modern of the former Soviet republics
Domestic: an NMT-450 analog cellular telephone network operates in Vilnius and other cities; landlines and microwave radio relay connect switching centers
International: international connections no longer depend on the Moscow international gateway switch, but are established by satellite through Oslo from Vilnius and through Copenhagen from Kaunas; satellite earth stations_1 Eutelsat and 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); cellular network linked internationally through Copenhagen by Eutelsat; international electronic mail is available; landlines or microwave radio relay to former Soviet republics

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Lithuania - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $31.7 million, 1% of GDP (1995), $30 million, 2% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Lithuania - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 96
With paved runways over 3047 m: 3
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 4
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 2
With paved runways under 914 m: 14
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 6
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 63

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 3
2438 to 3047 m: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 4
914 to 1523 m: 2
Under 914 m: 14

Airports with unpaved runways
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 6
Under 914 m: 63


Pipelines: Crude oil, 105 km; natural gas 760 km (1992)



Waterways: 600 km perennially navigable

Merchant marine
Total: 43 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 264,639 GRT/303,649 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 26, combination bulk 11, oil tanker 2, railcar carrier 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 1, short-sea passenger 2 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals

Lithuania - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Transshipment point for illicit drugs from Central and Southwest Asia and Latin America to Western Europe; limited producer of illicit opium; mostly for domestic consumption

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