Statistical information Luxembourg 1996Luxembourg

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Luxembourg - Introduction 1996
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Background: Founded in 963 Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957 Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union).


Luxembourg - Geography 1996
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Location: Western Europe, between France and Germany

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 2,586 km²
Land: 2,586 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Rhode Island

Land boundaries: Total 359 km, Belgium 148 km, France 73 km, Germany 138 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: None; landlocked

Climate: Modified continental with mild winters, cool summers

Terrain: Mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle floodplain in the southeast

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Moselle River 133 m
Extremes highest point: Burgplatz 559 m

Natural resources: Iron ore (no longer exploited)
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 24%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 20%
Forests and woodland: 21%
Other: 34%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Luxembourg - People 1996
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Population:
415,870 (July 1996 est.)
404,660 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
1.57% (1996 est.)
0.57% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Luxembourger(s)
Adjective: Luxembourg

Ethnic groups:
Celtic base (with French and German blend)
Portuguese, Italian, and European (guest and worker residents)


Languages: Luxembourgisch, German, French, English

Religions:
Roman Catholic 97%
Protestant and Jewish 3%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
18% (male 39,199; female 37,239) (July 1996 est.)
18% (male 36,645; female 35,372) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
68% (male 142,394; female 138,349) (July 1996 est.)
68% (male 137,792; female 136,960) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
14% (male 23,118; female 35,571) (July 1996 est.)
14% (male 22,117; female 35,774) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
1.57% (1996 est.)
0.57% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
13.14 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
12.61 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
8.32 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
9.42 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
10.93 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
2.47 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation; air and water pollution in urban areas
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: party to_Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83; signed, but not ratified_Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea
International agreements note: Landlocked

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.09 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.65 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.97 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:4.7 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
6.6 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 78.26 years (1996 est.), 76.95 years (1995 est.)
Male: 75.24 years (1996 est.), 73.31 years (1995 est.)
Female: 81.56 years (1996 est.), 80.75 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.76 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.65 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1980 est.)
Total population: 100%
Male: 100%
Female: 100%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Luxembourg - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Conventional short form: Luxembourg
Local long form: Grand-Duche de Luxembourg
Local short form: Luxembourg

Government type: Constitutional monarchy

Capital: Luxembourg

Administrative divisions: 3 districts; Diekirch, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg

Dependent areas

Independence: 1839

National holiday: National Day, 23 June (1921) (public celebration of the Grand Duke's birthday)

Constitution: 17 October 1868, occasional revisions

Legal system: Based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch
Chief of state: Grand Duke JEAN (since 12 November 1964); Heir Apparent Prince HENRI (son of Grand Duke JEAN, born 16 April 1955)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jean-Claude JUNKER (since 1 January 1994); Vice Prime Minister Jacques F. POOS (since 21 July 1984)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the sovereign

Legislative branch: Unicameral Chamber of Deputies (Chambre Des Deputes):Elections last held on 12 June 1994 (next to be held by June 1999); results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(60 total) CSV 21, LSAP 17, DP 12, Action Committee for Democracy and Pension Rights 5, Greens 5
Note: The Council of State (Conseil d'Etat) is an advisory body whose views are considered by the Chamber of Deputies

Judicial branch: Superior Court of Justice (Cour Superieure de Justice)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, Australia Group, Benelux, CCC, CE, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MTCR, NACC, NATO, NEA, NSG, OECD, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Luxembourg: Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Netherlands, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; design was based on the flag of France

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Luxembourg - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The stable, prosperous economy features moderate growth, low inflation, and negligible unemployment. Agriculture is based on small but highly productive family-owned farms. The industrial sector, until recently dominated by steel, has become increasingly more diversified, particularly toward high-technology firms. During the past decade, growth in the financial sector has more than compensated for the decline in steel. Services, especially banking, account for a growing proportion of the economy. Luxembourg participates in an economic union with Belgium on trade and most financial matters, is also closely connected economically to the Netherlands, and as a member of the 15-member European Union enjoys the advantages of the open European market.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
2.6% (1995 est.)
2.6% (1994 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for less than 3% of GDP (including forestry; principal products_barley, oats, potatoes, wheat, fruits, wine grapes; cattle raising widespread

Industries:
Banking
Iron and steel
Food processing
Chemicals
Metal products
Engineering
Tires
Glass
Aluminum


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate -0.5% (1990; accounts for 25% of GDP

Labor force: 200,400 (1992) (one-third of labor force is foreign workers, mostly from Portugal, Italy, France, Belgium, and Germany)
By occupation trade restaurants hotels: 20%
By occupation quarrying manufacturing: 18%
By occupation othermarketservices: 17%
By occupation community social personalservices: 14%
By occupation construction: 11%
By occupation finance insurance realestate businessservices: 9%
By occupation transport storage communications: 7%
By occupation agriculture hunting forestry fishing: 3%
By occupation electricity gas water: 1%
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
2.5% (1995)
2.4% (1994)


Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $4 billion
Expenditures: $4.05 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (1994 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
total value. $5.9 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
$6.4 billion (f.o.b., 1991 est.)

Commodities:
Finished steel products
Chemicals
Rubber products
Glass
Aluminum
Other industrial products

Partners:
Germany 28%
France 18%
Belgium 15%
U.K. 7%
Netherlands 5%


Imports
Total value:
$7.5 million (c.i.f., 1993 est.)
$8.3 billion (c.i.f., 1991 est.)

Commodities:
Minerals
Metals
Foodstuffs
Quality consumer goods

Partners:
Belgium 38%
Germany 25%
France 11%
Netherlands 4%


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $800 million (1994 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Luxembourg francs (LuxF) per US$1_30.036 (January 1996), 29.480 (1995), 33.456 (1994), 34.597 (1993), 32.150 (1992), 34.148 (1991), 33.418 (1990; note_the Luxembourg franc is at par with the Belgian franc, which circulates freely in Luxembourg


Luxembourg - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.374 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,395 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Luxembourg - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 214,821 telephones (1993 est.); highly developed, completely automated and efficient system, mainly buried cables; nationwide mobile phone system
Domestic: buried cable, nationwide GSM cellular telephone system
International: 3 channels leased on TAT-6 coaxial submarine cable

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Luxembourg - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $142 million, 0.8% of GDP (1995), $129 million, 1.2% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Luxembourg - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: Petroleum products 48 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 37 km; Moselle River

Merchant marine
Total: 36 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 825,496 GRT/1,238,354 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 3, chemical tanker 4, combination bulk 6, container 2, liquefied gas tanker 6, oil tanker 5, passenger 2, refrigerated cargo 6, roll-on/roll-off cargo 2 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals


Luxembourg - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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