Statistical information Malta 1996Malta

Map of Malta | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Malta in the World
Malta in the World

Malta - Introduction 1996
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Background: Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Over the last 15 years the island has become a major freight transshipment point financial center and tourist destination. It is an official candidate for EU membership.

Malta - Geography 1996
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Location: Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 320 km²
Land: 320 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 140 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

Terrain: Mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Dingli Cliffs 245 m


Natural resources:

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 38%
Permanent crops: 3%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 59%

Irrigated land: 10 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Malta - People 1996
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375,576 (July 1996 est.)
369,609 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
1.01% (1996 est.)
0.75% (1995 est.)

Noun: Maltese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Maltese

Ethnic groups: Arab, Sicilian, Norman, Spanish, Italian, English

Languages: Maltese (official), English (official)

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
22% (male 42,067; female 39,958) (July 1996 est.)
22% (male 41,581; female 39,199) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
67% (male 126,179; female 125,321) (July 1996 est.)
67% (male 124,167; female 123,665) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
11% (male 17,766; female 24,285) (July 1996 est.)
11% (female 23,597; male 17,400) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
1.01% (1996 est.)
0.75% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
14.79 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
13.22 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
6.83 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
7.43 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
2.12 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
1.7 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: party to_Climate Change, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity, Desertification
International agreements note: The country comprises an archipelago, with only the 3 largest islands (Malta, Gozo, and Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors

Air pollutants

Sex ratio: at birth:1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.98 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:6.9 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
7.7 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 78.11 years (1996 est.), 77.02 years (1995 est.)
Male: 75.77 years (1996 est.), 74.75 years (1995 est.)
Female: 80.6 years (1996 est.), 79.48 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.17 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.92 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1985)
Total population: 84%
Male: 86%
Female: 82%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Malta - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Malta
Conventional short form: Malta

Government type: Parliamentary democracy

Capital: Valletta

Administrative divisions: None (administration directly from Valletta)

Dependent areas

Independence: 21 September 1964 (from U.K.)

National holiday: Independence Day, 21 September (1964)

Constitution: 1964 constitution substantially amended on 13 December 1974

Legal system: Based on English common law and Roman civil law; has accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Ugo MIFSUD BONNICI (since 4 April 1994)
Head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Edward (Eddie) FENECH ADAMI (since 12 May 1987) was appointed by the president; Deputy Prime Minister (since 14 May 1987) and Foreign Minister (since 1990) Dr. Guido DE MARCO
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the president on advice of the prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral House of Representatives:Elections last held 22 February 1992 (next to be held by February 1997; results_NP 51.8%, MLP 46.5%; seats_(usually 65 total) MLP 36, NP 29; note_additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority; current total:69 (MLP 33, NP 36 after adjustment)

Judicial branch: Constitutional Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: C, CCC, CE, EBRD, ECE, EU (applicant), FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarset, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NACC, NAM, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Malta: Two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Malta - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Significant resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited freshwater supplies, and has no domestic energy sources. Consequently, the economy is highly dependent on foreign trade and services. Manufacturing and tourism are the largest contributors to the economy. Manufacturing accounts for about 24% of GDP, with the electronics and textile industries major contributors and with the state-owned Malta drydocks employing about 4,300 people. In 1994, over 1 million tourists visited the island. Per capita GDP of $12,000 places Malta in the range of the less affluent EU countries.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
5% (1995 est.)
4.4% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 3% of GDP and 2% of the work force (1992; overall, 20% self-sufficient; main products_potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers, hogs, poultry, eggs; generally adequate supplies of vegetables, poultry, milk, pork products; seasonal or periodic shortages in grain, animal fodder, fruits, other basic foodstuffs

Ship repairyard
Food manufacturing

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 5.4% (1992; accounts for 27% of GDP

Labor force: 139,600 (1994)
By occupation Government (excluding job corps): 37%
By occupation Services: 26%
By occupation Manufacturing: 22%
By occupation Training programs: 9%
By occupation Construction: 4%
By occupation Agriculture: 2% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
3.4% (third quarter 1995)
4.5% (March 1994)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $1.4 billion
Expenditures: $1.4 billion, including capital expenditures of $215 million (FY94/95 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April_31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $1.5 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
$1.3 billion (f.o.b., 1993)

Machinery and transport equipment
Clothing and footware
Printed matter

Italy 32%
Germany 16%
U.K. 8%

Total value:
$2.5 billion (c.i.f., 1994)
$2.1 billion (c.i.f., 1993)

Machinery and semimanufactured goods

Italy 27%
Germany 14%
U.K. 13%
U.S. 9%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $603 million (1992)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Maltese liri (LM) per US$1_0.3570 (January 1996), 0.3529 (1995), 0.3776 (1994), 0.3821 (1993), 0.3178 (1992), 0.3226 (1991), 0.3172 (1990)

Malta - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.1 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 2,749 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Malta - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 191,876 (1992 est.) telephones; automatic system satisfies normal requirements
Local: NA
Intercity: submarine cable and microwave radio relay between islands
International: 1 submarine cable and 1 INTELSAT (Atlantic Ocean) earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Malta - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $21.0 million, 1.0% of GDP (FY92/93)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Malta - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
With paved runways: over 3,047 m :1 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways: over 3,047 m :1 (1995 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine
Total: 1,045 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 17,082,925 GRT/28,829,144 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 285, cargo 331, chemical tanker 28, combination bulk 28, combination ore/oil 16, container 39, liquefied gas tanker 4, livestock carrier 1, multifunction large-load carrier 6, oil tanker 208, passenger 7, passenger-cargo 3, railcar carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 20, roll-on/roll-off cargo 29, short-sea passenger 23, specialized tanker 4, vehicle carrier 12
Note: a flag of convenience registry; includes ships from 47 countries among which are Greece 425, Croatia 62, Russia 43, Switzerland 39, Italy 32, Norway 25, Monaco 23, Georgia 23, UK 22, and Germany 19 (1995 est.)
Major fleet flags are: Greece, Russia, Croatia, Switzerland, Montenegro, Italy, Germany, Monaco, U.K., and Georgia

Ports and terminals

Malta - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe

Undercover Tourist

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