Statistical information Mauritius 1996Mauritius

Map of Mauritius | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Mauritius in the World

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Mauritius - Introduction 1996
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Background: Discovered by the Portuguese in 1505 Mauritius was subsequently held by the Dutch French and British before independence was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather and declining sugar prices have slowed economic growth leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.


Mauritius - Geography 1996
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Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 1,860 km²
Land: 1,850 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 10.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Comparative note: Includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 177 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November; hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)

Terrain: Small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Piton de la Petite Riviere Noire 828 m

Natural resources:
Arable land
Fish

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 54%
Permanent crops: 4%
Permanent pastures: 4%
Forests and woodland: 31%
Other: 7%

Irrigated land: 170 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Mauritius - People 1996
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Population:
1,140,256 (July 1996 est.)
1,127,068 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
1.23% (1996 est.)
0.89% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Mauritian(s)
Adjective: Mauritian

Ethnic groups:
Indo-Mauritian 68%
Creole 27%
Sino-Mauritian 3%
Franco-Mauritian 2%


Languages: English (official), Creole, French, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bojpoori

Religions:
Hindu 52%
Christian 28.3% (Roman Catholic 26%
Protestant 2.3%), Muslim 16.6%
Other 3.1%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
27% (male 157,174; female 152,980) (July 1996 est.)
28% (male 158,891; female 152,892) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
67% (male 379,840; female 383,295) (July 1996 est.)
66% (male 372,910; female 376,049) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
6% (male 27,429; female 39,538) (July 1996 est.)
6% (male 27,238; female 39,088) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
1.23% (1996 est.)
0.89% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
18.97 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
18.91 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
6.67 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
6.38 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-3.64 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution
Current issues Natural hazards: cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
International agreements: party to_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling; signed, but not ratified_Desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.98 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:17.2 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
17.8 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.53 years (1996 est.); 70.84 years (1995 est.)
Male: 66.72 years (1996 est.); 66.9 years (1995 est.)
Female: 74.33 years (1996 est.); 74.95 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.24 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.2 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 82.9%
Male: 87.1%
Female: 78.8%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Mauritius - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius
Conventional short form: Mauritius

Government type: Parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port Louis

Administrative divisions: 9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, Savanne

Dependent areas

Independence: 12 March 1968 (from U.K.)

National holiday: Independence Day, 12 March (1968)

Constitution: 12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992

Legal system: Based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Cassam UTEEM (since 1 July 1992); Vice President Rabindranath GHURBURRON (since 1 July 1992)
Head of government: Prime Minister Navin RAMGOOLAM (since 27 December 1995) and Deputy Prime Minister Paul BERENGER (since 27 December 1995) were appointed by the president and are responsible to the National Assembly
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president on recommendation of the prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral Legislative Assembly:Elections last held on 20 December 1995 (next to be held by December 2000; results_MMM/MLP 65%, MSM/RMM 20%, other 15%; seats_(66 total; 62 elected, 4 appointed) MLP 35, MMM 25, allies of MLP and MMM on Rodrigues Island 2; appointed were Rodrigues Movement 2, Gaetan Duval Party 1, Hizballah 1

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Mauritius: Four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Mauritius - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low income, agriculturally based economy to middle income diversified economy with growing industrial and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been of the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much improved infrastructure. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 40% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on industrialization (with a view to modernization and to exports), agricultural diversification, and tourism. Economic performance in 1991-93 continued strong with solid real growth and low unemployment.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
2.7% (1995 est.)
4.7% (1993 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 10% of GDP; about 90% of cultivated land in sugarcane; other products_tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses, cattle, goats, fish; net food importer, especially rice and fish

Industries:
Food processing (largely sugar milling)
Textiles
Wearing apparel
Chemicals
Metal products
Transport equipment
Nonelectrical machinery
Tourism


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 5.8% (1992; accounts for 25% of GDP

Labor force: 335,000
By occupation Government services: 29%
By occupation Agriculture and fishing: 27%
By occupation Manufacturing: 22%
By occupation Other: 22%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2.4% (1991 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $653 million
Expenditures: $567 million, including capital expenditures of $143 million (FY92/93 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July_30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
total value. $1.3 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
$1.32 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)

Commodities:
Textiles 44%
Sugar 40%
Light manufactures 10%

Partners:
EU and U.S. have preferential treatment
EU 77%
U.S. 15%


Imports
Total value:
$1.9 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
$1.7 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)

Commodities:
Manufactured goods 50%
Capital equipment 17%
Foodstuffs 13%
Petroleum products 8%
Chemicals 7%

Partners:
EU
U.S.
South Africa
Japan


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $996.8 million (1993 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Mauritian rupees (MauRs) per US$1_17.842 (January 1996), 17.386 (1995), 17.960 (1994), 17.648 (1993), 15.563 (1992), 15.652 (1991), 14.839 (1990)


Mauritius - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 920 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 777 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Mauritius - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 65,000 telephones (1985 est.); small system with good service
Local: NA
Intercity: utilizes primarily microwave radio relay
International: 1 INTELSAT (Indian Ocean) earth station; microwave link to Réunion; high-frequency radio links to several countries

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Mauritius - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $11.2 million, 0.4% of GDP (FY92/93)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Mauritius - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 4
2438 to 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 2

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine
Total: 17 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 221,446 GRT/308,478 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 9, container 4, liquefied gas tanker 1, oil tanker 1, passenger-cargo 1 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals


Mauritius - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; heroin consumption and transshipment are growing problems


Skytours


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