Statistical information Niue 1996Niue

Map of Niue | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Niue - Introduction 1996
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Background: Niue's remoteness as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands have caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to 2000 in 1996) with substantial emigration to New Zealand.


Niue - Geography 1996
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Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 260 km²
Land: 260 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 64 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

Terrain: Steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m

Natural resources:
Fish
Arable land

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 61%
Permanent crops: 4%
Permanent pastures: 4%
Forests and woodland: 19%
Other: 12%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Niue - People 1996
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Population:
2,174 (July 1996 est.)
1,837 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
-0.62% (1996 est.)
-3.66% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Niuean(s)
Adjective: Niuean

Ethnic groups: Polynesian (with some 200 Europeans, Samoans, and Tongans)

Languages: Polynesian closely related to Tongan and Samoan, English

Religions:
Ekalesia Nieue (Niuean Church) 75%_a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society, Morman 10%
Other 15% (mostly Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witnesses, Seventh-Day Adventist)


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
-0.62% (1996 est.)
-3.66% (1995 est.)


Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate: NA Infant Mortality Rate:NA

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: traditional methods of burning brush and trees to clear land for agriculture have threatened soil supplies which naturally are not very abundant
Current issues Natural hazards: typhoons
International agreements: signed, but not ratified_Law of the Sea
International agreements note: One of world's largest coral islands

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth: NA

Total fertility rate: NA

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Niue - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Niue

Government type: Self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand; Niue fully responsible for internal affairs; New Zealand retains responsibility for external affairs

Capital: Alofi

Administrative divisions: None

Dependent areas

Independence: 19 October 1974 (became a self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand on 19 October 1974)

National holiday: Waitangi Day, 6 February (1840) (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty)

Constitution: 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)

Legal system: English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (of the UK since 6 February 1952) is a hereditary monarch; the queen and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner Warren SEARELL (since NA August 1993)
Head of government: Premier Frank Fakaotimanava LUI (acting premier since NA December 1992, premier since 12 March 1993) was reelected by the Legislative Assembly; election last held 23 February 1996 (next to be held NA March 1999)
Cabinet: Cabinet; consists of the premier and three other ministers

Legislative branch: Unicameral Legislative Assembly:Elections last held 23 February 1996 (next to be held NA March 1999; results_percent of vote NA; seats_(20 total, 6 elected) NPP 9, independents 11

Judicial branch: Appeal Court of New Zealand, High Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate), INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), SPARTECA, SPC, SPF, UNESCO, WHO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Niue: Yellow with the flag of the U.K. in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the U.K. bears five yellow five-pointed stars_a large one on a blue disk in the center and a smaller one on each arm of the bold red cross

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Niue - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The economy is heavily dependent on aid from New Zealand. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, with the shortfall made up by grants from New Zealand_the grants are used to pay wages to public employees. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening, although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit, lime oil, honey, and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of migration of Niueans to New Zealand.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Coconuts, passion fruit, honey, limes; subsistence crops_taro, yams, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, poultry, beef cattle

Industries:
Tourism
Handicrafts
Food processing


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: 1000 (1981 est.)
Note: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service, small industry and the Niue Development Board
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $5.5 million
Expenditures: $6.3 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1985 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April_31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $117,500 (f.o.b., 1989)
Commodities:
Canned coconut cream
Copra
Honey
Passion fruit products
Pawpaw
Root crops
Limes
Footballs
Stamps
Handicrafts

Partners:
NZ 89%
Fiji
Cook Islands
Australia


Imports: total value:$4.1 million (c.i.f., 1989)
Commodities:
Food
Live animals
Manufactured goods
Machinery
Fuels
Lubricants
Chemicals
Drugs

Partners:
NZ 59%
Fiji 20%
Japan 13%
Western Samoa
Australia
U.S.


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Niue - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2.7 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,490 kWh (1992)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Niue - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 276 telephones (1992 est.)
Local: NA
Intercity: single-line telephone system connects all villages on island
International: NA

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Niue - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Niue - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals


Niue - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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