Statistical information Norfolk Island 1996Norfolk%20Island

Map of Norfolk Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Norfolk Island in the World

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Norfolk Island - Introduction 1996
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Background: Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856 the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.


Norfolk Island - Geography 1996
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Location: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 34.6 km²
Land: 34.6 km²
Comparative: about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 32 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: Subtropical, mild, little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: Volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Bates 319 m

Natural resources: Fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 25%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 75%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Norfolk Island - People 1996
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Population:
2,209 (July 1996 est.)
2,756 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
-0.68% (1996 est.)
1.69% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Norfolk Islander(s)
Adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)

Ethnic groups: Descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander

Languages: English (official), Norfolk a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian

Religions:
Anglican 39%
Roman Catholic 11.7%
Uniting Church in Australia 16.4%
Seventh-Day Adventist 4.4%
None 9.2%
Unknown 16.9%
Other 2.4% (1986)


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
-0.68% (1996 est.)
1.69% (1995 est.)


Birth rate: NA

Death rate: NA

Net migration rate: NA Infant Mortality Rate:NA

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: typhoons (especially May to July)
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth: NA

Total fertility rate: NA

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Norfolk Island - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island
Conventional short form: Norfolk Island

Government type: Territory of Australia

Capital: Kingston (administrative center; Burnt Pine (commercial center)

Administrative divisions: None (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: None (territory of Australia)

National holiday: Pitcairners Arrival Day Anniversary, 8 June (1856)

Constitution: Norfolk Island Act of 1979

Legal system: Wide legislative and executive responsibility under the Norfolk Island Act of 1979; Supreme Court

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (of the United Kingdom since 6 February 1952) is a hereditary monarch; the queen and Australia are represented by Administrator Alan Gardner KERR (since NA April 1992) who was appointed by the governor general of Australia
Head of government: Assembly President and Chief Minister John Terrence BROWN (since NA) was elected for not more than three years by the Legislative Assembly
Cabinet: Executive Council

Legislative branch: Unicameral Legislative Assembly:Elections last held 20 May 1992 (next to be held NA May 1995; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(9 total) independents 9

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: None

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Norfolk%20Island: Three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Norfolk Island - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The primary economic activity is tourism, which has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The number of visitors has increased steadily over the years and reached 29,000 in FY88/89. Revenues from tourism have given the island a favorable balance of trade and helped the agricultural sector to become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs. GDP NA

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit, cattle, poultry

Industries: Tourism

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $4.6 million (FY92/93)
Expenditures: $4.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY92/93), $4.2 million, including capital expenditures of $400,000 (1989 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July_30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
total value. $1.5 million (f.o.b., FY91/92)
$1.7 million (f.o.b., FY85/86)

Commodities:
Postage stamps
Seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm
Small quantities of avocados

Partners:
Australia
Pacific Islands
NZ
Asia
Europe


Imports
Total value:
$17.9 million (c.i.f., FY91/92)
$15.6 million (c.i.f., FY85/86)

Commodities: NA
Partners:
Australia
Pacific Islands
NZ
Asia
Europe


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars ($A) per US$1: 1.3477 (January 1996), 1.3486 (1995), 1.3667 (1994), 1.4704 (1993), 1.3600 (1992), 1.2835 (1991), 1.2799 (1990)


Norfolk Island - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 8 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,160 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Norfolk Island - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 1,087 telephones (1983 est.)
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: radio link service with Sydney

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Norfolk Island - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Norfolk Island - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals


Norfolk Island - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Economy Bookings


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