Statistical information Northern Mariana Islands 1996Northern%20Mariana%20Islands

Map of Northern Mariana Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Northern Mariana Islands in the World
Northern Mariana Islands in the World

Northern Mariana Islands - Introduction 1996
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Background: Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.

Northern Mariana Islands - Geography 1996
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Location: Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 477 km²
Land: 477 km²
Comparative: slightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Comparative note: Includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,482 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October

Terrain: Southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic; highest elevation is 471 m (Mt. Okso' Takpochao on Saipan)
 Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m


Natural resources:
Arable land

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 5% on Saipan
Permanent crops: NA
Permanent pastures: 19%
Forests and woodland: NA
Other: NA

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Northern Mariana Islands - People 1996
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52,284 (July 1996 est.)
51,033 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate: 3.04% (1996 est.)

Noun: NA
Adjective: NA

Ethnic groups: Chamorro, Carolinians and other Micronesians, Caucasian, Japanese, Chinese, Korean

Languages: English, Chamorro, Carolinian
Note: 86% of population speaks a language other than English at home

Religions: Christian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.04% (1996 est.)

Birth rate: 33.05 births/1000 population (1996 est.)

Death rate: 4.61 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:37.96 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: contamination of groundwater on Saipan by raw sewage contributes to disease
Current issues Natural hazards: active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)
International agreements: NA
International agreements note: Strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 67.43 years
Male: 65.53 years
Female: 69.48 years (1996 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.69 children born/woman (1996 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1980)
Total population: 97%
Male: 97%
Female: 96%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Northern Mariana Islands - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Conventional short form: Northern Mariana Islands

Government type: Commonwealth in political union with the U.S.; self-governing with locally elected governor, lieutenant governor, and legislature; federal funds to the Commonwealth administered by the U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of Territorial and International Affairs

Capital: Saipan

Administrative divisions: None

Dependent areas

Independence: None (commonwealth in political union with the U.S.)

National holiday: Commonwealth Day, 8 January (1978)

Constitution: Covenant Agreement effective 3 November 1986 and the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Legal system: Based on U.S. system except for customs, wages, immigration laws, and taxation

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; indigenous inhabitants are U.S. citizens but do not vote in U.S. presidential elections

Executive branch
Chief of state: President William Jefferson CLINTON (since 20 January 1993); Vice President Albert GORE, Jr. (since 20 January 1993)
Head of government: Governor Froilan C. TENORIO (since January 1994); Lieutenant Governor Jesus C. BORJA (since January 1994); election last held in NA November 1993 (next to be held NA November 1997); results_Froilan C. TENORIO (Democrat) was elected governor with 56% of the vote

Legislative branch: Bicameral Legislature Senate:Elections last held NA November 1993 (next to be held NA November 1995; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(9 total) Republicans retained a majority of the seats House of Representatives:Elections last held NA November 1993 (next to be held NA November 1995; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(18 total) Republicans retained a majority of the seats U.S. House of Representatives:The Commonwealth does not have a nonvoting delegate in Congress; instead, it has an elected official "resident representative" located in Washington, DC; seats_(1 total) Juan N. BABAUTA (Republican)

Judicial branch: Commonwealth Supreme Court, Superior Court, Federal District Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate), INTERPOL (subbureau), SPC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Northern%20Mariana%20Islands: Blue with a white five-pointed star superimposed on the gray silhouette of a latte stone (a traditional foundation stone used in building) in the center, surrounded by a wreath

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Northern Mariana Islands - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the U.S.. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. An agreement for the years 1986 to 1992 entitled the islands to $228 million for capital development, government operations, and special programs. A rapidly growing major source of income is the tourist industry, which now employs about 50% of the work force. Japanese tourists predominate. The agricultural sector is of minor importance and is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts, breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons. Industry is small scale, mostly handicrafts, light manufacturing, and garment production.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Coconuts, fruits, cattle, vegetables; food is a major import

Light industry

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: 7,476 total indigenous labor force, 2,699 unemployed; 21,188 foreign workers (1990)
By occupation: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $190.4 million
Expenditures: $190.4 million, including capital expenditures of $19.1 million (FY94/95)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October_30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $263.4 million (f.o.b. 1991 est.)
Commodities: Garments
Partners: NA

Imports: total value:$392.4 million (c.i.f. 1991 est.)
Construction equipment and materials
Petroleum products


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: U.S. currency is used

Northern Mariana Islands - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Northern Mariana Islands - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 13,618 telephones (1993 est.)
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: 2 INTELSAT (Pacific Ocean) earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Northern Mariana Islands - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Northern Mariana Islands - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 2
Under 914 m: 1
With unpaved runways: 2,438 to 3,047 m:1 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways: 2,438 to 3,047 m:1 (1995 est.)





Waterways: None

Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals

Northern Mariana Islands - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Volotea Air

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