Statistical information Norway 1996Norway

Map of Norway | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Norway in the World
Norway in the World

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Norway - Introduction 1996
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Background: Norway gained its independence from Sweden in 1905. As a separate realm, Norway stayed free of World War I but suffered German occupation in World War II. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s gave a strong boost to Norway's economic fortunes. Norway is planning for the time when its oil and gas reserves are depleted and is focusing on containing spending on its extensive welfare system. It has decided at this time not to join the European Union and the new euro currency regime.


Norway - Geography 1996
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Location: Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 324,220 km²
Land: 307,860 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico

Land boundaries: Total 2,515 km, Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 167 km

Coastline: 21,925 km (includes mainland 3,419 km, large islands 2,413 km, long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 16,093 km)

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 10 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 4 nm

Climate: Temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast

Terrain: Glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Glittertinden 2,472 m

Natural resources:
Petroleum
Copper
Natural gas
Pyrites
Nickel
Iron ore
Zinc
Lead
Fish
Timber
Hydropower

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 3%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 27%
Other: 70%

Irrigated land: 950 km² (1989)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Norway - People 1996
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Population:
4,383,807 (July 1996 est.)
4,330,951 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.48% (1996 est.)
0.37% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Norwegian(s)
Adjective: Norwegian

Ethnic groups:
Germanic (Nordic, Alpine, Baltic)
Lapps (Sami) 20,000


Languages: Norwegian (official)
Note: Small Lapp- and Finnish-speaking minorities

Religions:
Evangelical Lutheran 87.8% (state church), other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3.8%
None 3.2%
Unknown 5.2% (1980)


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
19% (male 434,848; female 411,668) (July 1996 est.)
19% (male 444,570; female 390,344) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
65% (male 1,446,746; female 1,396,150) (July 1996 est.)
65% (male 1,424,027; female 1,375,493) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
16% (male 288,789; female 405,606) (July 1996 est.)
16% (male 287,842; female 408,675) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.48% (1996 est.)
0.37% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
11.96 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
12.86 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
10.68 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
10.35 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
3.57 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
1.15 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: party to_Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling; signed, but not ratified_Desertification, Law of the Sea
International agreements note: About two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world; Norway and Turkey only NATO members having a land boundary with Russia

Air pollutants

Sex ratio: at birth:1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.98 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:4.9 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
6.1 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.53 years (1996 est.), 77.61 years (1995 est.)
Male: 74.63 years (1996 est.), 74.26 years (1995 est.)
Female: 80.61 years (1996 est.), 81.15 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.63 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.76 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1976 est.)
Total population: 99%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Norway - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Norway
Conventional short form: Norway
Local long form: Kongeriket Norge
Local short form: Norge

Government type: Constitutional monarchy

Capital: Oslo

Administrative divisions: 19 provinces (fylker, singular_fylke; Akershus, Aust-Agder, Buskerud, Finnmark, Hedmark, Hordaland, More og Romsdal, Nordland, Nord-Trondelag, Oppland, Oslo, Ostfold, Rogaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Sor-Trondelag, Telemark, Troms, Vest-Agder, Vestfold Dependent Areas:Bouvet Island, Jan Mayen, Svalbard

Dependent areas

Independence: 26 October 1905 (from Sweden)

National holiday: Constitution Day, 17 May (1814)

Constitution: 17 May 1814, modified in 1884

Legal system: Mixture of customary law, civil law system, and common law traditions; Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: King HARALD V (since 17 January 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS (born 20 July 1973)
Head of government: Prime Minister Kjell Magne BONDEVIKIN (since 17 September 1997)
Cabinet: State Council; appointed by the king in accordance with the will of the Storting

Legislative branch: Modified unicameral Parliament (Storting) which, for certain purposes, divides itself into two chambers Storting:Elections last held 13 September 1993 (next to be held September 1997); results_Labor 37.1%, Center Party 18.5%, Conservatives 15.6%, Christian People's 8.4%, Socialist Left 7.9%, Progress 6%, Left Party 3.6%, Red Electoral Alliance 1.2%; seats_(165 total) Labor 67, Center Party 32, Consevatives 18, Christian People's 13, Socialist Left 13, Progress 10, Left Party 1, Red Electoral Alliance 1, unawarded 10
Note: For certain purposes, the Storting divides itself into two chambers and elects one-fourth of its membership to an upper house or Lagting

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Hoyesterett), justices appointed by the king

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, CERN, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, ESA, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MTCR, NACC, NAM (guest), NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OECD, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNAVEM III, UNCRO, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNITAR, UNPREDEP, UNPROFOR, UNTSO, UPU, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Norway: Red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Norway - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Norway has a mixed economy involving a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector (through large-scale state enterprises), and extensively subsidizes agriculture, fishing, and areas with sparse resources. Norway also maintains an extensive welfare system that helps propel public sector expenditures to more than 50% of GDP and results in one of the highest average tax burdens in the world (46%). A small country with a high dependence on international trade, Norway is basically an exporter of raw materials and semiprocessed goods, with an abundance of small- and medium-sized firms, and is ranked among the major shipping nations. The country is richly endowed with natural resources_petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals_and is highly dependent on its oil sector. Norway imports more than half its food needs. Economic growth, only 1.6% in 1993, moved up to 5.5% in 1994 and remained strong in 1995. Oslo opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
3.0% (1999 est.)
4.1% (1998 est.)
3.5% (1997)
5.3% (1996)
2.6% (1985-1995)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 3% of GDP and about 6% of labor force; among world's top 10 fishing nations; livestock output exceeds value of crops; fish catch of 1.76 million metric tons in 1989

Industries:
Petroleum and gas
Food processing
Shipbuilding
Pulp and paper products
Metals
Chemicals
Timber
Mining
Textiles
Fishing


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 7.4% (1994)

Labor force: 2.13 million
By occupation services: 71%
By occupation industry: 23%
By occupation forestry and fishing: 6% (1993)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
4.1% (1997)
4.9% (1996)
5.0% (1995)
5.5% (1994)
6.1% (1993)


Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $48.6 billion
Expenditures: $53 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (1994 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $34.7 billion (f.o.b., 1994)
Commodities:
Petroleum and petroleum products 43%
Metals and products 11%
Foodstufs (mostly fish) 9%
Chemicals and raw materials 25%
Natural gas 6.0%
Ships 5.4%

Partners:
EU 77.8% (UK 20.8%, Germany 12.4%, France 8.12%)
Sweden 9.4%
U.S. 6.7%
Japan 1.9% (1993)


Imports: total value:$27.3 billion (c.i.f., 1994)
Commodities:
Machinery and equipment and manufactured consumer goods 54%
Chemicals and other industrial inputs 39%
Foodstuffs 6%

Partners:
EU 68.9% (Germany 13.9%, UK 10.4%, Denmark 7.4%)
Sweden 15%
U.S. 7.4%
Japan 6.0% (1994)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Norwegian kroner (NKr) per US$1_6.4160 (January 1996), 6.3352 (1995), 7.0576 (1994), 7.0941 (1993), 6.2145 (1992), 6.4829 (1991), 6.2597 (1990)


Norway - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 118 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 23,735 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Norway - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 2.39 million (1986 est.) telephones; high-quality domestic and international telephone, telegraph, and telex services
Domestic: domestic earth stations; nationawide GSM mobile phone system
International: 2 buried coaxial cable systems; 4 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations_NA Eutelsat, NA Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean Regions); note_Norway shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden)

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Norway - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.7 billion, 2.9% of GDP (1995), $3.4 billion, 3.2% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Norway - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 102
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 12
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 13
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 5
With paved runways under 914 m: 60

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 12
15-24 to 2437 m: 13
914 to 1523 m: 5
Under 914 m: 60

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: :1 (1995 est.)

Pipelines: Refined products 53 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1,577 km along west coast; 2.4 m draft vessels maximum

Merchant marine
Total: 712 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 19,278,205 GRT/32,209,679 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 114, cargo 98, chemical tanker 83, combination bulk 10, combination ore/oil 31, container 15, liquefied gas tanker 87, oil tanker 148, passenger 10, passenger-cargo 2, railcar carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 13, roll-on/roll-off cargo 49, short-sea passenger 21, vehicle carrier 30
Note: The government has created a captive register, the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS), as a subset of the Norwegian register; ships on the NIS enjoy many benefits of flags of convenience and do not have to be crewed by Norwegians

Ports and terminals


Norway - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Transshipment point for drugs shipped via the CIS and Baltic states for the European market


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