Statistical information Oman 1996Oman

Map of Oman | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Oman in the World
Oman in the World

Iberostar Hotels

Oman - Introduction 1996
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Background: In 1970 QABOOS bin Said Al Said ousted his father and has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world and has preserved a long-standing political and military relationship with Britain. Oman's moderate independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries.

Oman - Geography 1996
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Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and the United Arab Emirates

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 212,460 km²
Land: 212,460 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Kansas

Land boundaries: Total 1,374 km, Saudi Arabia 676 km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km

Coastline: 2,092 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south

Terrain: Vast central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south

Extremes lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Jabal ash Sham 2,980 m

Natural resources:
Some marble
Natural gas

Land use

Land use
Arable land: less than 2%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 5%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 93%

Irrigated land: 410 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Oman - People 1996
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2,186,548 (July 1996 est.)
2,125,089 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
3.53% (1996 est.)
3.71% (1995 est.)

Noun: Omani(s)
Adjective: Omani

Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi)

Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Ibadhi Muslim 75%
Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Hindu

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
46% (male 511,664; female 493,369) (July 1996 est.)
46% (male 498,619; female 480,974) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
51% (male 609,423; female 513,042) (July 1996 est.)
51% (male 593,740; female 493,685) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
3% (male 26,623; female 32,427) (July 1996 est.)
3% (male 26,245; female 31,826) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
3.53% (1996 est.)
3.71% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
37.86 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
38.05 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
4.44 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
5 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
1.84 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
4.09 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; very limited natural fresh water resources
Current issues Natural hazards: summer winds often raise large sandstorms and duststorms in interior; periodic droughts
International agreements: party to_Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ship Pollution, Whaling; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity, Climate Change
International agreements note: Strategic location with small foothold on Musandam Peninsula controlling Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.19 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.1 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:27.3 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
34.3 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.53 years (1996 est.), 70.25 years (1995 est.)
Male: 68.59 91,996 est.), 68.31 years (1995 est.)
Female: 72.57 years (1996 est.), 72.29 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
6.09 children born/woman (1996 est.)
6.16 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: definition:NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Oman - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman
Conventional short form: Oman
Local long form: Saltanat Uman
Local short form: Uman

Government type: Monarchy

Capital: Masqat (Muscat)

Administrative divisions: 6 regions (mintaqah, singular_mintaqat) and 2 governorates* (muhafazah, singular_muhafazat) Ad Dakhiliyah, Al Batinah, Al Wusta, Ash Sharqiyah, Az Zahirah, Masqat, Musandam*, Zufar*

Dependent areas

Independence: 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)

National holiday: National Day, 18 November (1940)

Constitution: None

Legal system: Based on English common law and Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the sultan; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: None

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said Al Said (since 23 July 1970)
Cabinet: Cabinet

Legislative branch: Unicameral Consultative Council (Majlis ash Shura):A 60-member body with advisory powers only

Judicial branch: None; traditional Islamic judges and a nascent civil court system

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Oman: Three horizontal bands of white (top, double width), red, and green (double width) with a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger in its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) in white is centered at the top of the vertical band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Oman - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Economic performance is closely tied to the fortunes of the oil industry. Petroleum accounts for nearly 90% of export earnings, about 75% of government revenues, and roughly 40% of GDP. Oman has proved oil reserves of 4 billion barrels, equivalent to about 20 years' supply at the current rate of extraction. Agriculture is carried on at a subsistence level and the general population depends on imported food. The government is encouraging private investment, both domestic and foreign, as a prime force for further economic development.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
3.5% (1995 est.)
0.5% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 3% of GDP and 40% of the labor force (including fishing; less than 2% of land cultivated; largely subsistence farming (dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables, camels, cattle; not self-sufficient in food; annual fish catch averages 100,000 metric tons

Crude oil production and refining
Natural gas production

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 3% (1994 est.), 8.6% (1991; accounts for 60% of GDP, including petroleum

Labor force: 454,000 (est.)
By occupation: Agriculture 37% (1993 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $4.7 billion (1995 est.); $4.4 billion (1994 est.)
Expenditures: $5.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1995 est.); $5.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $1 billion (1994 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $4.8 billion (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
Petroleum 87%
Processed copper

Japan 35%
South Korea 15.8%
U.S. 9%
China 8%
Thailand 5% (1993)

Imports: total value:$4 billion (c.i.f., 1994 est.)
Transportation equipment
Manufactured goods

UAE 27% (largely re-exports)
Japan 20%
U.K. 15%
U.S. 5%
germany 4% (1993)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $3 billion (1993)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Omani rials (RO) per US$1_0.3845 (fixed rate since 1986)

Oman - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 6 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 3,407 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Oman - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 150,000 telephones (1994 est.); modern system consisting of open-wire, microwave, and radio communications stations; limited coaxial cable
Local: NA
Intercity: open wire, microwave, radio communications, and 8 domestic satellite links
International: 2 INTELSAT (Indian Ocean) and 1 ARABSAT earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Oman - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $1.82 billion, 13.7% of GDP (1996; $1.7 billion, 14.2% of GDP (1995 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Oman - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 129
With paved runways over 3047 m: 4
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 34
With paved runways With unpaved runways over 3047 m: 3
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 3
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 57
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 26

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 4
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 34
With unpaved runways over 3047 m: 3

Airports with unpaved runways
2438 to 3047 m: 3
15-24 to 2437 m: 57
914 to 1523 m: 26


Pipelines: Crude oil 1,300 km; natural gas 1,030 km




Merchant marine
Total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 16,306 GRT/8,210 DWT
By type: cargo 1, passenger 1, passenger-cargo 1 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals

Oman - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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