Statistical information Pakistan 1996Pakistan

Map of Pakistan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Pakistan in the World
Pakistan in the World

24-7PressRelease.com


Pakistan - Introduction 1996
top of page


Background: The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved. A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing.


Pakistan - Geography 1996
top of page


Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India and Iran

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 803,943 km²
Land: 778,720 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California

Land boundaries: Total 6,774 km, Afghanistan 2,430 km, China 523 km, India 2,912 km, Iran 909 km

Coastline: 1,046 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Terrain: Flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) 8,611 m

Natural resources:
Land
Extensive natural gas reserves
Limited petroleum
Poor quality coal
Iron ore
Copper
Salt
Limestone

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 23%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 6%
Forests and woodland: 4%
Other: 67% (1993)

Irrigated land: 170,000 km² (1992)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Pakistan - People 1996
top of page


Population:
129,275,660 (July 1996 est.)
131,541,920 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
2.24% (1996 est.)
1.28% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Pakistani(s)
Adjective: Pakistani

Ethnic groups:
Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan)
Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India and their descendents)


Languages: Urdu (official), English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Punjabi 64%, Sindhi 12%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu 7%, Balochi and other 9%

Religions:
Muslim 97% (Sunni 77%
Shi'a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other 3%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
42% (male 28,286,823; female 26,640,019) (July 1996 est.)
44% (male 29,777,818; female 28,033,354) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
53% (male 35,396,281; female 33,733,798) (July 1996 est.)
52% (male 35,109,482; female 33,456,410) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
5% (male 2,621,721; female 2,597,018) (July 1996 est.)
4% (male 2,608,010; female 2,556,846) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
2.24% (1996 est.)
1.28% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
36.16 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
41.8 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
11.22 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
12.07 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
-2.6 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-16.93 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution from raw sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification
Current issues Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes, occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)
International agreements: party to_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation
International agreements note: Controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.05 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:96.8 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
99.5 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 58.46 years (1996 est.), 57.86 years (1995 est.)
Male: 57.7 years (1996 est.), 57.18 years (1995 est.)
Female: 59.25 years (1996 est.), 58.56 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.25 children born/woman (1996 est.)
6.35 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 37.8%
Male: 50%
Female: 24.4%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Pakistan - Government 1996
top of page


Country name
Conventional long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Conventional short form: Pakistan
Former: West Pakistan

Government type: Republic

Capital: Islamabad

Administrative divisions: 4 provinces, 1 territory*, and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan, Federally Administered Tribal Areas*, Islamabad Capital Territory**, North-West Frontier, Punjab, Sindh
Note: The Pakistani-administered portion of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region includes Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas

Dependent areas

Independence: 14 August 1947 (from U.K.)

National holiday: Pakistan Day, 23 March (1956) (proclamation of the republic)

Constitution: 10 April 1973, suspended 5 July 1977, restored with amendments 30 December 1985

Legal system: Based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's stature as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal; separate electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for non-Muslims

Executive branch
Chief of state: Pesident Tora (since 31 december 1997)
13 November 1993 31 december 1997: President Sardar Farooq LEGHARI
Head of government: Prime Minister Nawaz SHARIF (since 1997)
Cabinet: Cabinet

Legislative branch: Bicameral Parliament (Majlis-e-Shoora) Senate:Elections last held NA March 1994 (next to be held NA March 1997; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(87 total) PPP 22, PML/N 17; Tribal Area Representatives (nonparty) 8, ANP 6, PML/J 5, JWP 5, MQM/A 5, JUI/F 2, PKMAP 2, JI 2, NPP 2, BNM/H 1, BNM/M 1, JUP/NI 1, JUP/NO 1, JAH 1, JUI/S 1, PML/F 1, PNP 1, independents 2, vacant 1 National Assembly:Elections last held 6 October 1993 (next to be held by October 1998; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(217 total) PPP 92, PML/N 75, PML/J 6, IJM-Islamic Democratic Front 4, ANP 3, PKMAP 4, PIF 3, JWP 2, MDM 2, BNM/H 1, BNM/M 1, NDA 1, NPP 1, PKQP 1, Religious minorities 10 reserved seats, independents 9, results pending 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Federal Islamic (Shari'at) Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OAS (observer), OIC, PCA, SAARC, UN, UNAMIR, UNAVEM III, UNCRO, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIH, UNOMIG, UNOMIL, UNPREDEP, UNPROFOR, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Pakistan: Green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Pakistan - Economy 1996
top of page


Economy overview: Pakistan is a poor, highly populated Third World country struggling to make the difficult transition to the modern world of high technology and internationalized markets. Prime Minister Benazir BHUTTO has been under pressure from the IMF and other donors to continue the economic reforms and austerity measures begun by her predecessor, caretaker Prime Minister Moeen QURESHI (July-October 1993). The IMF suspended a $1.5 billion Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF) in mid-1995 because Pakistan slowed the pace of economic reform. Islamabad's most recent budget_announced in June 1995_reversed some reforms agreed to by the IMF earlier that year, including a slowing of tariff reform. In mid-December 1995, however, the IMF approved a $600 million standby arrangement and urged Pakistan to move forward with economic liberalization. Islamabad has agreed to new economic targets with the IMF, which could lay the basis for a return to an ESAF in 1996. Little progress was made in the privatization of large state-owned units in 1995. The sale of the power plant Kot Addu_scheduled for April 1995_was stalled by opposition from labor unions. The sale of a 26% share of United Bank Limited and the Pakistan Telecommunications Corporation to strategic investors was due to take place in 1995 but has been pushed back to 1996. On the plus side real GDP grew 4.7% in 1995, up from 3.9% in 1994:GDP should grow even faster in 1996 as a result of an above average cotton crop. Secondly, Islamabad reduced the budget deficit to 5.6% of GDP at the end of FY94/95, down from 8% two years earlier. Thirdly, Pakistan attracted $1.6 billion in foreign direct and portfolio investment in FY94/95, more than double inflows of $650 million in the previous fiscal year; financial agreements were reached on five power projects in 1995, including the 1,300-MW $1.8 billion Hab River project. Despite these improvements, the economy remains vulnerable to crisis. Foreign exchange reserves fell dramatically in 1995, reaching a low of about $1 billion in early December 1995_only five weeks of import cover_before rising to $1.5 billion by yearend. The trade deficit rose to $2 billion for the first six months of FY94/95, triple the deficit of $600 million during the same period in FY93/94. The government responded to this situation with a package of stabilization reforms on 28 October 1995 which included a 7% devaluation of the rupee, supplementary duties of 10% on many imports, and higher petroleum prices. Islamabad hopes these moves will help make its exports more competitive. For the long run, Pakistan must deal with serious problems of deteriorating infrastructure, low literacy levels, and persistent law and order problems in Karachi.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
4.7% (1995 est.)
4% (1994 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: 24% of GDP; world's largest contiguous irrigation system; major crops_cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; livestock products_milk, beef, mutton, eggs

Industries:
Textiles
Food processing
Beverages
Construction materials
Clothing
Paper products
Shrimp


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 5% (1995 est.), 5.6% (FY93/94; accounts for 27% of GDP

Labor force: 36 million
By occupation Agriculture: 46%
By occupation Mining and manufacturing: 18%
By occupation Services: 17%
By occupation Other: 19%
By occupation note: Extensive export of labor
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10% (FY90/91 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $11.9 billion (FY94/95), $10.5 billion (FY 93/94)
Expenditures: $12.4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY94/95), $11.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $3.1 billion (FY93/94)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July_30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
total value. $8.7 billion (1995 est.)
$6.7 billion (1993)

Commodities:
Cotton
Textiles
Clothing
Rice
Leather
Carpets

Partners:
U.S.
Japan
Hong Kong
Germany
U.K.
UAE
France


Imports
Total value:
$10.7 billion (1995 est.)
$9.5 billion (1993)

Commodities:
Petroleum
Petroleum products
Machinery
Transportation equipment
Vegetable oils
Animal fats
Chemicals

Partners:
Japan
U.S.
Germany
U.K.
Saudi Arabia
Malaysia
South Korea


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external:
$26 billion (1995 est.)
$24 billion (1993 est.)


Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Pakistani rupees (PRs) per US$1_34.339 (January 1996), 31.643 (1995), 30.567 (1994), 28.107 (1993), 25.083 (1992), 23.801 (1991), 21.707 (1990)


Pakistan - Energy 1996
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 43.3 billion kWh (1995)

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 389 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Pakistan - Communication 1996
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 1.572 million telephones (1993 est.);the domestic system is mediocre, but adequate for government and business use, in part because major businesses have established their own private systems; since 1988, the government has promoted investment in the national telecommunications system on a priority basis; despite major improvements in trunk and urban systems, telecommunication services are still not readily available to the major portion of the population
Domestic: microwave radio relay
International: 3 INTELSAT (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) earth stations; microwave radio relay to neighboring countries

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Pakistan - Military 1996
top of page


Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.1 billion, 5.3% of GDP (FY95/96; $3.2 billion, 5.6% of GDP (FY94/95)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Pakistan - Transportation 1996
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 100
With paved runways over 3047 m: 12
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 19
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 7
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 8
With paved runways under 914 m: 18

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 12
2438 to 3047 m: 19
15-24 to 2437 m: 7
914 to 1523 m: 8
Under 914 m: 18

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: Crude oil 250 km; petroleum products 885 km; natural gas 4,044 km (1987)

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine
Total: 24 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 345,606 GRT/560,641 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 19, oil tanker 1, passenger-cargo 1 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals


Pakistan - Transnational issues 1996
top of page


Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Major illicit producer of opium and hashish for the international drug trade; remains world's third largest opium producer (160 metric tons in 1994; major center for processing Afghan heroin and key transit area for Southwest Asian heroin moving to Western market


Volotea Air


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it