Statistical information Papua New Guinea 1996Papua%20New%20Guinea

Map of Papua New Guinea | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Papua New Guinea - Introduction 1996
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Background: The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902 which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975.

Papua New Guinea - Geography 1996
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Location: Southeastern Asia, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 461,690 km²
Land: 451,710 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than California

Land boundaries: Total 820 km, Indonesia 820 km

Coastline: 5,152 km

Maritime claims: Measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; northwest monsoon (December to March), southeast monsoon (May to October; slight seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: Mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Wilhelm 4,509 m

Natural resources:
Natural gas
Oil potential

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 71%
Other: 28%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Papua New Guinea - People 1996
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4,394,537 (July 1996 est.)
4,294,750 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
2.29% (1996 est.)
2.3% (1995 est.)

Noun: Papua New Guinean(s)
Adjective: Papua New Guinean

Ethnic groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian

Languages: English spoken by 1%-2%, pidgin English widespread, Motu spoken in Papua region
Note: 715 indigenous languages

Roman Catholic 22%
Lutheran 16%
Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%
Anglican 5%
Evangelical Alliance 4%
Seventh-Day Adventist 1%
Other Protestant sects 10%
Indigenous beliefs 34%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
40% (male 906,709; female 860,534) (July 1996 est.)
41% (male 892,718; female 847,208) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
57% (male 1,303,084; female 1,195,245) (July 1996 est.)
57% (male 1,268,266; female 1,161,961) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
3% (male 59,513; female 69,452) (July 1996 est.)
2% (male 57,838; female 66,759) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
2.29% (1996 est.)
2.3% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
32.93 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
33.2 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
10.01 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
10.18 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: rain forest subject to deforestation as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; pollution from mining projects
Current issues Natural hazards: active volcanism; situated along the Pacific "Rim of Fire"; the country is subject to frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes; mudslides
International agreements: party to_Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Tropical Timber 94
International agreements note: Shares island of New Guinea with Indonesia; one of world's largest swamps along southwest coast

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.07 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:60.1 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
61.6 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 57.25 years (1996 est.), 56.85 years (1995 est.)
Male: 56.4 years (1996 est.), 56.01 years (1995 est.)
Female: 58.15 years (1996 est.), 57.74 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
4.45 children born/woman (1996 est.)
4.55 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 72.2%
Male: 81%
Female: 62.7%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Papua New Guinea - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Conventional short form: Papua New Guinea
Abbreviation: PNG

Government type: Parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port Moresby

Administrative divisions: 20 provinces; Central, Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, East New Britain, East Sepik, Enga, Gulf, Madang, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, National Capital, New Ireland, Northern, North Solomons, Sandaun, Southern Highlands, Western, Western Highlands, West New Britain

Dependent areas

Independence: 16 September 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)

National holiday: Independence Day, 16 September (1975)

Constitution: 16 September 1975

Legal system: Based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952) is a hereditary monarch, represented by Governor General Wiwa KOROWI (since 11 November 1991), who was appointed by the National Executive Council
Head of government: Prime Minister Sir Julius CHAN (since 30 August 1994) and Deputy Prime Minister Chris HAIVETA (since 7 September 1994) were appointed by the governor general
Cabinet: National Executive Council; appointed by the governor on recommendation of the prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Parliament:(sometimes referred to as the House of Assembly) elections last held 13-26 June 1992 (next to be held NA 1997; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(109 total) Pangu Party 24, PDM 17, PPP 10, PAP 10, independents 30, others 18; note_association with political parties is fluid

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the proposal of the National Executive Council after consultation with the minister responsible for justice, other judges are appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, APEC, AsDB, C, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Papua%20New%20Guinea: Divided diagonally from upper hoist-side corner; the upper triangle is red with a soaring yellow bird of paradise centered; the lower triangle is black with five white five-pointed stars of the Southern Cross constellation centered

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Papua New Guinea - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Papua New Guinea is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by the rugged terrain and the high cost of developing an infrastructure. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for the bulk of the population. Mining of numerous deposits, including copper and gold, accounts for about 60% of export earnings. Budgetary support from Australia and development aid under World Bank auspices have helped sustain the economy. In 1995, Port Moresby reached agreement with the IMF and World Bank on a structural adjustment program. PNG will receive loans totaling $350 million over the next two years from a variety of lenders including the Fund, the Bank, the Australian Government, and the Japanese Export-Import Bank. The loans will be provided only if Port Moresby implements significant reforms to liberalize trade and investment policies, reduce the public sector, and promote sustainable development of the forestry sector. At the start of 1996, Port Moresby is looking primarily to the exploitation of mineral and petroleum resources to drive economic development but new prospecting in Papua New Guinea has slumped as other mineral-rich countries have stepped up their competition for international investment. Output from current projects will probably begin to taper off in 1996, but no new large ventures are being developed to succeed them.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
-3% (1995 est.)
6.1% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 25% of GDP; livelihood for 85% of population; fertile soils and favorable climate permits cultivating a wide variety of crops; cash crops_coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels; other products_tea, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, poultry, pork; net importer of food for urban centers

Copra crushing
Palm oil processing
Plywood production
Wood chip production
Mining of gold
And copper

Industrial production growth rate: Accounts for 32% of GDP

Labor force: 1.941 million
By occupation: agriculture 64% (1993 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $1.86 billion
Expenditures: $1.9 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (1995 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $2.4 billion (f.o.b., 1995 est.)
$2.4 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)

Copper ore
Palm oil

New Zealand

Total value:
$1.4 billion (c.i.f., 1995 est.)
$1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1993 est.)

Machinery and transport equipment
Manufactured goods

New Zealand

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $3.2 billion (1995)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Kina (K) per US$1_0.7552 (October 1995), 0.9950 (1994), 1.0221 (1993), 1.0367 (1992), 1.0504 (1991), 1.0467 (1990; note_the government floated the kina on 10 October 1994

Papua New Guinea - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.8 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 390 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Papua New Guinea - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: More than 70,000 telephones (1987); services are adequate and being improved; facilities provide radiobroadcast, radiotelephone and telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, and international radiocommunication services
Local: NA
Intercity: mostly radio telephone
International: submarine cables extend to Australia and Guam; 1 INTELSAT (Pacific Ocean) earth station; international radio communication service

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Papua New Guinea - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $40 million, 0.9% of GDP (1995; $55 million, 1.8% of GDP (1993 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Papua New Guinea - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 451
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 11
914 to 1523 m: 51 (1995 est.)
Under 914 m: 371

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 2 (1995 est.)




Waterways: 10,940 km

Merchant marine
Total: 12 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 22,565 GRT/27,114 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 2, cargo 3, combination ore/oil 5, container 1, roll-on/roll-off 1

Ports and terminals

Papua New Guinea - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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