Statistical information Pitcairn Islands 1996Pitcairn%20Islands

Map of Pitcairn Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Pitcairn Islands in the World
Pitcairn Islands in the World

Sightseeing Pass

Pitcairn Islands - Introduction 1996
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Background: Pitcairn Island was discovered in 1767 by the British and settled in 1790 by the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions. Outmigration primarily to New Zealand has thinned the population from a peak of 233 in 1937 to about 50 today.

Pitcairn Islands - Geography 1996
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Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Peru to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 47 km²
Land: 47 km²
Comparative: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 51 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: Tropical, hot, humid, modified by southeast trade winds; rainy season (November to March)

Terrain: Rugged volcanic formation; rocky coastline with cliffs
Lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Pawala Valley Ridge 347 m


Natural resources:
Miro trees (used for handicrafts)

Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA
Permanent crops: NA
Permanent pastures: NA
Forests and woodland: NA
Other: NA

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Pitcairn Islands - People 1996
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56 (July 1996 est.)
73 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate: 0% (1996 est.) 2.8% (1995 est.)

Noun: Pitcairn Islander(s)
Adjective: Pitcairn Islander

Ethnic groups: Descendants of the Bounty mutineers

Languages: English (official), Tahitian/English dialect

Religions: Seventh-Day Adventist 100%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0% (1996 est.) 2.8% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population

Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1000 population Infant Mortality Rate:NA deaths/1000 live births

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation (only a small portion of the original forest remains because of burning and clearing for settlement)
Current issues Natural hazards: typhoons (especially November to March)
International agreements: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: NA years
Male: NA years
Female: NA years

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Pitcairn Islands - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
Conventional short form: Pitcairn Islands

Government type: Dependent territory of the U.K.

Capital: Adamstown

Administrative divisions: None (dependent territory of the U.K.)

Dependent areas

Independence: None (dependent territory of the U.K.)

National holiday: Celebration of the Birthday of the Queen (second Saturday in June)

Constitution: Local Government Ordinance of 1964

Legal system: Local island by-laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal with three years residency

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (of the United Kingdom since 6 February 1952) is a hereditary monarch, represented by UK High Commissioner to New Zealand and Governor (non-resident) of the Pitcairn Islands Robert John ALSTON (since NA August 1994); Commissioner (non-resident) G. D. HARRAWAY (since NA; is the liaison person between the governor and the Island Council)
Head of government: Island Magistrate and Chairman of the Island Council Jay WARREN (since NA); the island magistrate is elected every three years

Legislative branch: Unicameral Island Council:Elections take place each December; election last held NA December 1997 (next to be held NA December 1996; results_percent of vote NA; seats_(11 total, 5 elected) all independents

Judicial branch: Island Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: SPC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Pitcairn%20Islands: Blue with the flag of the U.K. in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Pitcairn Islander coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms is yellow, green, and light blue with a shield featuring a yellow anchor

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Pitcairn Islands - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The inhabitants exist on fishing and subsistence farming. The fertile soil of the valleys produces a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, including citrus, sugarcane, watermelons, bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering is an important part of the economy. The major sources of revenue are the sale of postage stamps to collectors and the sale of handicrafts to passing ships. GDP NA

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Based on subsistence fishing and farming; wide variety of fruits and vegetables; must import grain products

Postage stamps

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: 14 able-bodied men (1993)
Note: no business community in the usual sense; some public works, subsistence farming and fishing
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $588,000 (1993/94 est.), $430,000 (1987 est.)
Expenditures: $583,000, including capital expenditures of $NA (1993/94 est.), $429,000, including capital expenditures of NA (1987 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April_31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. NA

Partners: NA

Imports: total value:NA
Fuel oil
Building materials
Other foodstuffs

Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZ$) per US$1: 1.5138 (January 1996), 1.5235 (1995), 1.6844 (1994), 1.8495 (1993), 1.8584 (1992), 1.7265 (1991), 1.6750 (1990)

Pitcairn Islands - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 300,000 kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 5,360 kWh (1990)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Pitcairn Islands - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 24 telephones; party line telephone service on the island
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: NA

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Pitcairn Islands - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Pitcairn Islands - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: None Airports:None

Ports and terminals

Pitcairn Islands - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Economy Bookings

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