Statistical information Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1996Saint%20Vincent%20and%20the%20Grenadines

Map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the World
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in the World


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Introduction 1996
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Background: Disputed between France and Great Britain in the 18th century Saint Vincent was ceded to the latter in 1783. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Geography 1996
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Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 340 km²
Land: 340 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 84 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain: Volcanic, mountainous; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent
Lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Highest point: Soufriere 1,234 m


Natural resources: Negligible
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 38%
Permanent crops: 12%
Permanent pastures: 6%
Forests and woodland: 41%
Other: 3%

Irrigated land: 10 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - People 1996
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118,344 (July 1996 est.)
117,344 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.64% (1996 est.)
0.65% (1995 est.)

Noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or Vincentian(s)
Adjective: Saint Vincentian or Vincentian

Ethnic groups: African descent, Caucasian, East Indian, Carib Indian

Languages: English, French patois

Religions: Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Seventh-Day Adventist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
33% (male 19,742; female 19,106) (July 1996 est.)
34% (male 20,185; female 19,551) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years: 62% (male 36,576; female 36,381) (July 1996 est.) 61% (male 35,573; female 35,565) (July 1995 est.)
65 years and over:
5% (male 2,702; female 3,837) (July 1996 est.)
5% (male 2,677; female 3,793) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.64% (1996 est.)
0.65% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
19.36 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
19.62 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
5.4 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
5.46 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
-7.56 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-7.63 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Current issues Natural hazards: hurricanes; Soufriere volcano is a constant threat
International agreements: party to_Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution, Whaling; signed, but not ratified_Desertification
International agreements note: The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
All ages:
1 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:16.8 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
17.2 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 72.94 years (1996 est.), 72.66 years (1995 est.)
Male: 71.43 years (1996 est.), 71.15 years (1995 est.)
Female: 74.49 years (1996 est.), 74.21 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.04 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.08 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that has ever attended school (1970)
Total population: 96%
Male: 96%
Female: 96%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Government type: Constitutional monarchy

Capital: Kingstown

Administrative divisions: 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick

Dependent areas

Independence: 27 October 1979 (from U.K.)

National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1979)

Constitution: 27 October 1979

Legal system: Based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General David JACK (since 29 September 1989)
Head of government: Prime Minister James F. MITCHELL (since 30 July 1984); the governor general appoints the leader of the majority party to the position of prime minister; Deputy Prime Minister Carlyle DOUGAN (since 17 September 1995) was appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral House of Assembly:Elections last held 21 February 1994 (next to be held NA July 1999; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(21 total, 15 elected representatives and 6 appointed senators) NDP 12, ULP 3

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Vincent%20and%20the%20Grenadines: Three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Agriculture, dominated by banana production, is the most important sector of the economy. The services sector, based mostly on a growing tourist industry, is also important. The government has been relatively unsuccessful at introducing new industries, and high unemployment rates of 35%-40% continue. The continuing dependence on a single crop represents the biggest obstacle to the islands' development; tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in both 1994 and 1995.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
0.4% (1995 est.)
2% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 14% of GDP and 60% of labor force; provides bulk of exports; products_bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, hogs, goats; small fish catch used locally

Food processing

Industrial production growth rate: NA

Labor force: 67,000 (1984 est.)
By occupation agriculture: 26%
By occupation industry: 17%
By occupation services: 57% (1980 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 35%-40% (1994 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $80 million (1996 est.), $66.2 million (1993 est.)
Expenditures: $118 million, including capital expenditures of $39 million (1996 est.), $77.3 million, including capital expenditures of $23 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $57.1 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Eddoes and dasheen (taro)
Arrowroot starch
Tennis racquets

U.K. 54%
CARICOM countries 34%
U.S. 10%

Imports: total value:$134.6 million (f.o.b., 1993)
Machinery and equipment
Chemicals and fertilizers
Minerals and fuels

U.S. 36%
U.K. 18%
Trinidad and Tobago 13%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $74.9 million (1993)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1_2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 50 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 436 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 6,189 telephones (1983 est.); islandwide fully automatic telephone system
Domestic: islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines
International: VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Barbados; new SHF radiotelephone to Grenada and to Saint Lucia; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Saint Lucia

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6
914 to 1523 m: 2
Under 914 m: 4 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine
Total: 611 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,690,104 GRT/9,367,014 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 106, cargo 305, chemical tanker 20, combination bulk 9, combination ore/oil 4, container 33, liquefied gas tanker 4, livestock carrier 5, oil tanker 58, passenger 1, passenger-cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 35, roll-on/roll-off cargo 25, short-sea passenger 2, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 2
Note: A flag of convenience registry; includes 24 countries among which are Croatia 49 ships, Russia 14, Slovenia 9, China 9, Germany 2, Serbia, Hong Kong 2,Latvia 1, Ukraine 1, Poland 1 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the U.S. and Europe

World Nomads

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