Statistical information San Marino 1996San%20Marino

Map of San Marino | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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San Marino in the World
San Marino in the World

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San Marino - Introduction 1996
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Background: The third smallest state in Europe (after The Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.

San Marino - Geography 1996
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Location: Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 60 km²
Land: 60 km²
Comparative: about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: Total 39 km, Italy 39 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: None; landlocked

Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers

Terrain: Rugged mountains

Extremes lowest point: Fiume Ausa 55 m
Extremes highest point: Monte Titano 749 m

Natural resources: Building stone
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 17%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 83%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


San Marino - People 1996
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24,521 (July 1996 est.)
24,313 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.82% (1996 est.)
0.88% (1995 est.)

Noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Sammarinese

Ethnic groups: Sammarinese, Italian

Languages: Italian

Religions: Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 16% (male 1,978; female 1,967) (July 1996 est.) 16% (male 1,962; female 1,944) (July 1995 est.)
15-64 years: 68% (male 8,401; female 8,249) (July 1996 est.) 68% (male 8,354; female 8,243) (July 1995 est.)
65 years and over:
16% (male 1,648; female 2,278) (July 1996 est.)
16% (female 2,198; male 1,612) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.82% (1996 est.)
0.88% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
10.81 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
10.98 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
7.79 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
7.61 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
5.14 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
5.47 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

International agreements: NA
Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: party to_Biodiversity, Climate Change, Nuclear Test Ban; signed, but not ratified_Air Pollution
Current issues note: Landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.96 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:5.5 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
5.6 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 81.32 years (1996 est.), 81.27 years (1995 est.)
Male: 77.34 years 91,996 est.), 77.26 years (1995 est.)
Female: 85.3 years (1996 est.), 85.29 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.52 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.52 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 10 and over that can read and write (1976)
Total population: 96%
Male: 97%
Female: 95%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

San Marino - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
Conventional short form: San Marino
Local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
Local short form: San Marino

Government type: Republic

Capital: San Marino

Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (castelli, singular_castello; Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle

Dependent areas

Independence: 301 AD (by tradition)

National holiday: Anniversary of the Foundation of the Republic, 3 September

Constitution: 8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution

Legal system: Based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
Co-chiefs of state are elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; therefore we don't have recent information on this item
Captain Regent Piero Paolo GASPERONI and Captain Regent Pietro BUGLI (for the period 1 April-30 September 1996)
Captain Regent Marino BOLLINI and Captain Regent Settimio LONFERNINI (for the period 1 April 1995-30 September 1995)

Head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Gabriele GATTI (since NA July 1986) was elected for a five-year term by the Great and General Council; election last held NA 1993 (next to be held NA 1998)
Cabinet: Congress of State
Note: The popularly elected parliament (Great and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (Co-Chiefs of State) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Great and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State) which has ten other members, all selected by the Great and General Council; assisting the Captains Regent are three Secretaries of State_Foreign Affairs, Internal Affairs, and Finance_and several additional secretaries; the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs has come to assume many of the prerogatives of a prime minister

Legislative branch: Unicameral Great and General Council:(Consiglio Grande e Generale) elections last held 30 May 1993 (next to be held by NA May 1998; results_PDCS 41.4%, PSS 23.7%, PDP 18.6%, ADP 7.7%, MD 5.3%, RC 3.3%; seats_(60 total) PDCS 26, PSS 14, PDP 11, ADP 4, MD 3, RC 2

Judicial branch: Council of Twelve (Consiglio dei XII)

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CE, ECE, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, NAM (guest), OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of San%20Marino: Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

San Marino - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 1993 more than 3 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of Italy, which supplies much of its food.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2.4% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Employs 3% of labor force; products_wheat, grapes, maize, olives, meat, cheese, hides; small numbers of cattle, pigs, horses


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA; accounts for 42% of labor force Supplied by Italy

Labor force: 14,874 (1993 est.)
By occupation Industry: 40%
By occupation Agriculture: 2%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4.9% (December 1993)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $320 million (1995 est.), $275 million (1992 est.)
Expenditures: $320 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1995 est.), $275 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1992 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. Trade data are included with the statistics for Italy;
Building stone
Baked goods
And ceramics

Imports: total value:Wide variety of consumer manufactures, food

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Italian lire (Lit) per US$1_1,583.8 (January 1996), 1,629.2 (1995), 1,612.4 (1994), 1,573.7 (1993), 1,232.4 (1992), 1,240.6 (1991), 1,198.1 (1990)

San Marino - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

San Marino - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 22,300 (1992 est.) telephones; automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: microwave and cable links into Italian networks; no communication satellite facilities

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

San Marino - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

San Marino - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

San Marino - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Volotea Air

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