Statistical information Seychelles 1996Seychelles

Map of Seychelles | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

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Seychelles in the World

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Seychelles - Introduction 1996
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Background: A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814 when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993.


Seychelles - Geography 1996
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Location: Eastern Africa, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 455 km²
Land: 455 km²
Comparative: slightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 491 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September; warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)

Terrain: Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs
Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m

Elevation

Natural resources:
Fish
Copra
Cinnamon trees

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 4%
Permanent crops: 18%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 18%
Other: 60%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Seychelles - People 1996
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Population:
77,575 (July 1996 est.)
72,709 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.76% (1996 est.)
0.81% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)
Adjective: Seychelles

Ethnic groups: Seychellois (mixture of Asians, Africans, Europeans)

Languages: English (official), French (official), Creole

Religions:
Roman Catholic 90%
Anglican 8%
Other 2%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
31% (male 12,005; female 11,835) (July 1996 est.)
32% (male 11,811; female 11,630) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
63% (male 24,003; female 24,946) (July 1996 est.)
62% (male 21,679; female 23,229) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
6% (male 1,669; female 3,117) (July 1996 est.)
6% (male 1,485; female 2,875) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.76% (1996 est.)
0.81% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
21.02 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
21.35 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
7.31 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
6.7 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
-6.14 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-6.6 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: no natural fresh water resources, catchments collect rain water
Current issues Natural hazards: lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible
International agreements: party to_Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling; signed, but not ratified_Desertification
International agreements note: 40 granitic and about 50 coralline islands

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.54 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.94 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:12.5 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
11.4 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 69.24 years (1996 est.); 70.08 years (1995 est.)
Male: 64.23 years (1996 est.); 66.54 years (1995 est.)
Female: 74.39 years (1996 est.); 73.73 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.09 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.16 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1971)
Total population: 58%
Male: 56%
Female: 60%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Seychelles - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Seychelles
Conventional short form: Seychelles

Government type: Republic

Capital: Victoria

Administrative divisions: 23 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Louis, Anse Royale, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand' Anse (on Mahe Island), Grand' Anse (on Praslin Island), La Digue, La Riviere Anglaise, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe Larue, Port Glaud, Saint Louis, Takamaka

Dependent areas

Independence: 29 June 1976 (from U.K.)

National holiday: National Day, 18 June (1993) (adoption of new constitution)

Constitution: 18 June 1993

Legal system: Based on English common law, French civil law, and customary law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: President France Albert RENE (since 5 June 1977); election last held 20-23 July 1993 (next to be held NA); results_President France Albert RENE (SPPF) reelected with 59.5% of the vote, Sir James MANCHAM (DP) 36.72%
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

Legislative branch: Unicameral People's Assembly (Assemblee Du Peuple):Elections last held 20-23 July 1993 (next to be held NA); results_SPPF 82%, DP 15%, UO 3%; seats_(33 total, 22 elected, 11 awarded) seats elected_SPPF 21, DP 1; seats awarded_SPPF 6, DP 4, UO 1; total seats by party_SPPF 27, DP 5, UO 1
Note: The 11 awarded seats are apportioned according to the share of each party in the total vote

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, NAM, OAU, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WMO, WToO, WTrO (applicant)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Seychelles: The present flag has 5 colours (blue, orange, red, white and green) spreading out from the lower left corner. The old flag used to have three horizontal bands of red (top), white (wavy), and green; the white band was the thinnest, the red band was the thickest

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Seychelles - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Since independence in 1976, per capita output has grown to roughly seven times the old near-subsistence level, led by the tourist sector, which employs about 30% of the labor force and provides more than 70% of hard currency earnings. In recent years the government has encouraged foreign investment in order to upgrade hotels and other services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the high dependence on tourism by promoting the development of farming, fishing, and small-scale manufacturing. The vulnerability of the tourist sector was illustrated by the sharp drop in 1991-92 due largely to the Gulf war. Although the industry has rebounded, the government recognizes the continuing need for upgrading the sector in the face of stiff international competition.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -2% (1993 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 5% of GDP, mostly subsistence farming; cash crops_coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla; other products_sweet potatoes, cassava, bananas; broiler chickens; large share of food needs imported; expansion of tuna fishing under way

Industries:
Tourism
Processing of coconut and vanilla
Fishing
Coir rope factory
Boat building
Printing
Furniture
Beverage


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 4% (1992; accounts for 12% of GDP

Labor force: 27,700 (1985)
By occupation industry and commerce: 31%
By occupation services: 21%
By occupation government: 20%
By occupation forestry and fishing: 12%
By occupation other: 16% (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 9% (1987)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $227.4 million
Expenditures: $263 million, including capital expenditures of $54 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $50 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodities:
Fish
Cinnamon bark
Copra
Petroleum products (re-exports)

Partners:
France 43%
U.K. 22%
Réunion 11% (1992)


Imports: total value:$261 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
Commodities:
Manufactured goods
Food
Petroleum products
Tobacco
Beverages
Machinery and transportation equipment

Partners:
Singapore 16%
Bahrain 16%
South Africa
14%
U.K. 13% (1992)


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $181 million (1993 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Seychelles rupees (SRe) per US$1_4.9257 (January 1996), 4.7620 (1995), 5.0559 (1994), 5.1815 (1993), 5.1220 (1992), 5.2893 (1991), 5.3369 (1990)


Seychelles - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 110 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,399 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Seychelles - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 8,300 telephones (1982 est.); direct radio communications with adjacent islands and African coastal countries
Domestic: radiotelephone communications between islands in the archipelago
International: 1 INTELSAT (Indian Ocean) earth station

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Seychelles - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $12 million, 4% of GDP (1990 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Seychelles - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 14
2438 to 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 2
Under 914 m: 6

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals


Seychelles - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Sesame


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