Statistical information Singapore 1996Singapore

Map of Singapore | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Singapore in the World
Singapore in the World

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Singapore - Introduction 1996
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Background: Founded as a British trading colony in 1819 Singapore joined Malaysia in 1963 but withdrew two years later and became independent. It subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest) and with per capita GDP above that of the leading nations of Western Europe.

Singapore - Geography 1996
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Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 632.6 km²
Land: 622.6 km²
Comparative: slightly less than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 193 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
Territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: Tropical; hot, humid, rainy; no pronounced rainy or dry seasons; thunderstorms occur on 40% of all days (67% of days in April)

Terrain: Lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

Extremes lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
Extremes highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m

Natural resources:
Deepwater ports

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 4%
Permanent crops: 7%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 5%
Other: 84%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Singapore - People 1996
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3,396,924 (July 1996 est.)
2,890,468 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
1.9% (1996 est.)
1.06% (1995 est.)

Noun: Singaporean(s)
Adjective: Singapore

Ethnic groups:
Chinese 76.4%
Malay 14.9%
Indian 6.4%
Other 2.3%

Languages: Chinese (official), Malay (official and national), Tamil (official), English (official)

Religions: Buddhist (Chinese), Muslim (Malays), Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Taoist, Confucianist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
22% (male 379,076; female 358,739) (July 1996 est.)
23% (male 348,345; female 327,417) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
72% (male 1,220,131; female 1,219,412) (July 1996 est.)
70% (male 1,030,668; female 991,015) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
6% (male 97,882; female 121,684) (July 1996 est.)
7% (male 87,942; female 105,081) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
1.9% (1996 est.)
1.06% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
16.28 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
15.93 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
4.56 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
5.35 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
7.29 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: party to_Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity, Climate Change
International agreements note: Focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
All ages:
1 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:4.7 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
5.7 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 78.13 years (1996 est.), 76.16 years (1995 est.)
Male: 75.07 years (1996 est.), 73.28 years (1995 est.)
Female: 81.39 years (1996 est.), 79.25 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.65 children born/woman (1996 est.)
1.87 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 91.1%
Male: 95.9%
Female: 86.3%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Singapore - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Singapore
Conventional short form: Singapore

Government type: Republic within Commonwealth

Capital: Singapore

Administrative divisions: None

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 August 1965 (from Malaysia)

National holiday: National Day, 9 August (1965)

Constitution: 3 June 1959, amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapore Constitution)

Legal system: Based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch
Chief of state: President ONG Teng Cheong (since 1 September 1993) was elected for a six-year term by popular vote; election last held 28 August 1993 (next to be held NA August 1999); results_ONG Teng Cheong was elected with 59% of the vote in the country's first popular election for president
Head of government: Prime Minister GOH Chok Tong (since 28 November 1990) and Deputy Prime Ministers LEE Hsien Loong (since 28 November 1990) and Tony TAN Keng Yam (since 1 August 1995) were appointed by the president
Cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the president, responsible to parliament

Legislative branch: Unicameral Parliament:Elections last held 31 August 1991 (next to be held by 31 August 1996; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(81 total) PAP 77, SDP 3, WP 1

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, chief justice is appointed by the president with the advice of the prime minister, other judges are appointed by the president with the advice of the chief justice

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, Mekong Group, NAM, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNIKOM, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Singapore: Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Singapore - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Singapore has an open entrepreneurial economy with strong service and manufacturing sectors and excellent international trading links derived from its entrepot history. The economy registered 8.9% growth in 1995, with prospects for 7%-8% growth in 1996. In 1995, the manufacturing and financial and business services sectors led economic growth. Rising labor costs continue to be a threat to Singapore's competitiveness, and the government's strategy to address this problem includes increasing productivity, improving infrastructure, and encouraging higher value-added industries. In applied technology, per capita output, investment, and labor discipline, Singapore has key attributes of a developed country.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
6.9% (1998 est.)
7.0% (1997 est.)
7.0% (1996)
8.9% (1995)
10.1% (1994)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Minor importance in the economy; self-sufficient in poultry and eggs; must import much of other food; major crops_rubber, copra, fruit, vegetables

Petroleum refining
Oil drilling equipment
Rubber processing and rubber products
Processed food and beverages
Ship repair
Entrepot trade
Financial services

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 10% (1995), 13% (1994 est.), accounts for 28% of GDP (1993)

Labor force: 1.649 million (1994)
By occupation financial business andother services: 33.5%
By occupation manufacturing: 25.6%
By occupation commerce: 22.9%
By occupation construction: 6.6%
By occupation other: 11.4% (1994)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
2.6% (1995 est.)
2.6% (1994)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $17.3 billion (FY95/96 est.), $11.9 billion (FY93/94 est.)
Expenditures: $12.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $4.5 billion (FY95/96 est.), $10.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $3.9 billion (FY93/94 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April_31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $119.6 billion (1995)
$96.4 billion (f.o.b., 1994)

Computer equipment
Rubber and rubber products
Petroleum products
Telecommunications equipment

Malaysia 20%
U.S. 19%
Hong Kong 9%
Japan 7%
Thailand 6% (1994)

Total value:
$125.9 billion (1995)
$102.4 billion (c.i.f., 1994)


Japan 22%
Malaysia 16%
U.S. 15%
Taiwan 4%
Saudi Arabia 4% (1994)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external:
$3.2 million (1994)
$20 million (1993 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Singapore dollars (S$) per US$1: 1.4214 (January 1996), 1.4174 (1995), 1.5274 (1994), 1.6158 (1993), 1.6290 (1992), 1.7276 (1991), 1.8125 (1990)

Singapore - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 5,590 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Singapore - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 1.23 million telephones (1993 est.); good domestic facilities; good international service; good radio and television broadcast coverage
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: submarine cables extend to Malaysia (Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia), Indonesia, and the Philippines; 2 INTELSAT (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean) earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Singapore - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.9 billion, 4.3% of GDP (1995 est.), $2.7 billion, 6% of GDP (1993 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Singapore - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 8
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 3
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 3
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (1995 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine
Total: 646 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 12,915,788 GRT/20,292,580 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 110, cargo 118, chemical tanker 18, combination bulk 3, combination ore/oil 8, container 92, liquefied gas tanker 13, multifunction large-load carrier 4, oil tanker 234, refrigerated cargo 5, roll-on/roll-off cargo 13, short-sea passenger 1, specialized tanker 3, vehicle carrier 24
Note: A flag of convenience registry; includes 22 countries among which are Japan 39 ships, Denmark 21, Germany 21, Hong Kong 27, Belgium 12, Thailand 14, Sweden 14, U.S. 7, Indonesia 7, and Norway 9 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals

Singapore - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Transit point for Golden Triangle heroin going to the U.S., Western Europe, and the Third World; also a major money-laundering center

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