Statistical information Trinidad and Tobago 1996Trinidad%20and%20Tobago

Map of Trinidad and Tobago | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Trinidad and Tobago in the World
Trinidad and Tobago in the World


Trinidad and Tobago - Introduction 1996
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Background: The islands came under British control in the 19th century; independence was granted in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism mostly in Tobago is targeted for expansion and is growing.

Trinidad and Tobago - Geography 1996
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Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 5,130 km²
Land: 5,130 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 362 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Tropical; rainy season (June to December)

Terrain: Mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: El Cerro del Aripo 940 m

Natural resources:
Natural gas

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 14%
Permanent crops: 17%
Permanent pastures: 2%
Forests and woodland: 44%
Other: 23%

Irrigated land: 220 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


Trinidad and Tobago - People 1996
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1,272,385 (July 1996 est.)
1,271,159 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.08% (1996 est.)
0.12% (1995 est.)

Noun: Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)
Adjective: Trinidadian, Tobagonian

Ethnic groups:
Black 43%
East Indian (a local term_primarily immigrants from northern India) 40%
Mixed 14%
White 1%
Chinese 1%
Other 1%

Languages: English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish

Roman Catholic 32.2%
Hindu 24.3%
Anglican 14.4%
Other Protestant 14%
Muslim 6%
None or unknown 9.1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
30% (male 193,134; female 186,649) (July 1996 est.)
31% (male 198,225; female 191,627) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
64% (male 413,426; female 404,175) (July 1996 est.)
64% (male 407,495; female 399,726) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
6% (male 33,791; female 41,210) (July 1996 est.)
5% (male 33,509; female 40,577) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.08% (1996 est.)
0.12% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
16.25 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
16.62 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
6.9 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
6.88 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
-8.58 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-8.59 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: water pollution from agricultural chemicals, industrial wastes, and raw sewage; oil pollution of beaches; deforestation; soil erosion
Current issues Natural hazards: outside usual path of hurricanes and other tropical storms
International agreements: party to_Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Biodiversity

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.01 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:18.2 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
18.5 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.3 years (1996 est.), 70.14 years (1995 est.)
Male: 67.91 years 91,996 est.), 67.75 years (1995 est.)
Female: 72.77 years (1996 est.), 72.6 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
1.99 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.01 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over that can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 97.9%
Male: 98.8%
Female: 97%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Trinidad and Tobago - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Conventional short form: Trinidad and Tobago

Government type: Parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port-of-Spain

Administrative divisions: 8 counties, 3 municipalities*, and 1 ward**; Arima*, Caroni, Mayaro, Nariva, Port-of-Spain*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint Patrick, San Fernando*, Tobago**, Victoria

Dependent areas

Independence: 31 August 1962 (from U.K.)

National holiday: Independence Day, 31 August (1962)

Constitution: 1 August 1976

Legal system: Based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Noor Mohammed HASSANALI (since 18 March 1987)
Head of government: Prime Minister Basdeo PANDAY (since 9 November 1995) was appointed from among the members of Parliament
Cabinet: Cabinet; responsible to parliament

Legislative branch: Bicameral Parliament Senate:Consists of a 31-member body appointed by the president House of Representatives:Elections last held 6 November 1995 (next to be held by December 2001; results_PNM 52%, UNC 42.2%, NAR 5.2%; seats_(36 total) PNM 17, UNC 17, NAR 2; the UNC formed a coalition with the NAR

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal, Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-24, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIH, UNU, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Trinidad%20and%20Tobago: Red with a white-edged black diagonal band from the upper hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Trinidad and Tobago - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Trinidad and Tobago's oil- and petrochemical-dependent economy enjoys a high per capita income, although living standards have declined since the boom years of 1973-82. The country managed to record a second successive year of economic growth in 1995, the first period of substantial expansion since the early 1980s. A broad economic reform program, including the floating of the exchange rate, trade and capital market liberalization, and an extensive privatization program by the previous administration has left the incoming PANDAY government in a relatively sound economic position. Trinidad and Tobago's economic prospects continue to depend heavily on world petroleum prices, however, and further progress toward diversification will be an important challenge in the medium term.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
3.5% (1995 est.)
3% (1994 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 3% of GDP; major crops_cocoa, sugarcane; sugarcane acreage is being shifted into rice, citrus, coffee, vegetables; poultry sector most important source of animal protein; must import large share of food needs

Food processing
Cotton textiles

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 1% (1994 est.), accounts for 39% of GDP, including petroleum

Labor force: 404,500
By occupation Constructionandutilities:

By occupation andquarrying: 14%
By occupation agriculture: 11%
By occupation services: 62% (1993est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
17.8% (December 1995)
18.1% (1994 )

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $1.65 billion (1996 est.), $1.6 billion (1993 est.)
Expenditures: $1.61 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1996 est.), $1.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $158 million (1993 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $2.2 billion (f.o.b., 1995)
$1.9 billion (f.o.b., 1994)

Petroleum and petroleum products
Steel products

U.S. 48%
Latin America 9%
EU 5% (1994)

Imports: total value:$996 million (c.i.f., 1994)
Transportation equipment
Manufactured goods
Live animals

U.S. 47.7%
Venezuela 10%
U.K. 8.3%
Other EU 8% (1994)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $2 billion (1994)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Trinidad and Tobago dollars (TT$) per US$1_5.9412 (January 1996), 5.9192 (1995), 5.9249 (1994), 5.3511 (1993), 4.2500 (fixed rate 1989-1992; note_effective 13 April 1993, the exchange rate of the TT dollar is market-determined as opposed to the prior fixed relationship to the U.S. dollar

Trinidad and Tobago - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 3.9 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 2,740 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Trinidad and Tobago - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 170,000 telephones (1992 est.)
Domestic: good service
International: satellite earth station_1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); tropospheric scatter to Barbados and Guyana

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Trinidad and Tobago - Military 1996
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $83 million, 1.5% of GDP (1994)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Trinidad and Tobago - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 2
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1 (1995 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1
Under 914 m: 2
914 to 1523 m: 1 (1995 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: Crude oil 1,032 km; petroleum products 19 km; natural gas 904 km




Merchant marine
Total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,928 GRT/5,571 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 1, oil tanker 1 (1995 est.)

Ports and terminals

Trinidad and Tobago - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: Transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the U.S. and Europe and producer of cannabis


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