Statistical information U.S. Virgin Islands 1996U.S.%20Virgin%20Islands

Map of U.S. Virgin Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

U.S. Virgin Islands in the World
U.S. Virgin Islands in the World


U.S. Virgin Islands - Introduction 1996
top of page

Background: During the 17th century the archipelago was divided into two territorial units one English and the other Danish. Sugarcane produced by slave labor drove the islands' economy during the 18th and early 19th centuries. In 1917 the US purchased the Danish portion which had been in economic decline since the abolition of slavery in 1848.

U.S. Virgin Islands - Geography 1996
top of page

Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 352 km²
Land: 349 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 188 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: Subtropical, tempered by easterly tradewinds, relatively low humidity, little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season May to November

Terrain: Mostly hilly to rugged and mountainous with little level land

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Crown Mountain 474 m

Natural resources:

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 15%
Permanent crops: 6%
Permanent pastures: 26%
Forests and woodland: 6%
Other: 47%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


U.S. Virgin Islands - People 1996
top of page

97,120 (July 1996 est.)
97,229 (July 1995 est.)

Note: West Indian (45% born in the Virgin Islands and 29% born elsewhere in the West Indies) 74%, U.S. mainland 13%, Puerto Rican 5%, other 8%
Growth rate:
-0.06% (1996 est.)
-0.29% (1995 est.)

Noun: Virgin Islander(s)
Adjective: Virgin Islander

Ethnic groups:
Black 80%
White 15%
Other 5%

Languages: English (official), Spanish, Creole

Baptist 42%
Roman Catholic 34%
Protestant (Episcopalian) 17%
Other 7%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
-0.06% (1996 est.)
-0.29% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
17.57 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
18.49 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
5.2 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
5.2 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -12.94 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
16.17 migrants/1000 population 1995 est. Infant Mortality Rate:
12.54 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
12.54 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: lack of natural freshwater resources
Current issues Natural hazards: rarely affected by hurricanes; frequent and severe droughts, floods, and earthquakes
International agreements: NA
International agreements note: Important location along the Anegada Passage_a key shipping lane for the Panama Canal; Saint Thomas has one of the best natural, deepwater harbors in the Caribbean

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 75.29 years
Male: 73.6 years
Female: 77.2 years (1996 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.29 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.41 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: definition:NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

U.S. Virgin Islands - Government 1996
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: Virgin Islands of the United States
Conventional short form: Virgin Islands
Former: Danish West Indies

Government type: Organized, unincorporated territory of the U.S. administered by the Office of Territorial and International Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior

Capital: Charlotte Amalie

Administrative divisions: None (territory of the U.S.)

Dependent areas


National holiday: Transfer Day, 31 March (1917) (from Denmark to U.S.)

Constitution: Revised Organic Act of 22 July 1954

Legal system: Based on U.S.

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; note_indigenous inhabitants are U.S. citizens but do not vote in U.S. presidential elections

Executive branch
Chief of state: President William Jefferson CLINTON (since 20 January 1993); Vice President Albert GORE, Jr. (since 20 January 1993)
Head of government: Governor Dr. Roy L. SCHNEIDER (since 5 January 1995) and Lieutenant Governor Kenneth E. MAPP (since 5 January 1995) were elected for four-year terms by universal suffrage; election last held 22 November 1994 (next to be held NA November 1998); results_Dr. Roy L. SCHNEIDER (ICM) 54.7%, former Lieutenant Governor Derek HODGE 42.6%

Legislative branch: Unicameral Senate:Elections last held 8 November 1994 (next to be held 5 November 1996; results_percent of vote by party NA; seats_(15 total) Democrats 7, independents 7, Republican 1 U.S. House of Representatives:Elections last held 8 November 1994 (next to be held 5 November 1996; results_Victor O. FRAZER (Independent) 54.5%, Eileen R. PETERSON (Democrat) 45.5%; seats_(1 total) Independent 1; note_the Virgin Islands elects one representative to the U.S. House of Representatives

Judicial branch: U.S. District Court:Handles civil matters over $50,000, felonies (persons 15 years of age and over), and federal cases Territorial Court:Handles civil matters up to $50,000, small claims, juvenile, domestic, misdemeanors, and traffic cases

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ECLAC (associate), IOC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of U.S.%20Virgin%20Islands: White with a modified U.S. coat of arms in the center between the large blue initials V and I; the coat of arms shows an eagle holding an olive branch in one talon and three arrows in the other with a superimposed shield of vertical red and white stripes below a blue panel

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

U.S. Virgin Islands - Economy 1996
top of page

Economy overview: Tourism is the primary economic activity, accounting for more than 70% of GDP and 70% of employment. The manufacturing sector consists of textile, electronics, pharmaceutical, and watch assembly plants. The agricultural sector is small, most food being imported. International business and financial services are a small but growing component of the economy. One of the world's largest petroleum refineries is at Saint Croix.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Truck gardens, food crops (small scale), fruit, sorghum, Senepol cattle

Petroleum refining
Watch assembly
Rum distilling

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate 12% (year NA; accounts for NA of GDP

Labor force: 47,443 (1990 est.)
By occupation agriculture: 1%
By occupation industry: 20%
By occupation services: 62%
By occupation other: 17% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.7% (1992)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $364.4 million
Expenditures: $364.4 million, including capital expenditures of NA (1990 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October_30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value. $2.8 billion (f.o.b., 1990)
Commodities: Refined petroleum products
Puerto Rico

Imports: total value:$3.3 billion (c.i.f., 1990)
Crude oil
Consumer goods
Building materials

Puerto Rico

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: U.S. currency is used

U.S. Virgin Islands - Energy 1996
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 970 million kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 9,172 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

U.S. Virgin Islands - Communication 1996
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 60,000 telephones (1990 est.); modern telephone system using fiber-optic cable, submarine cable, microwave radio, and satellite facilities
Domestic: modern, uses fiber-optic cable and microwave radio relay
International: submarine cable and satellite communications; satellite earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

U.S. Virgin Islands - Military 1996
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

U.S. Virgin Islands - Transportation 1996
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 2
Note: International airports on Saint Thomas and Saint Croix

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine: None

Ports and terminals

U.S. Virgin Islands - Transnational issues 1996
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

The Fives Hotels

You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it