Statistical information Uruguay 1996Uruguay

Map of Uruguay | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Uruguay in the World
Uruguay in the World

Austrian Airlines


Uruguay - Introduction 1996
top of page


Background: A violent Marxist urban guerrilla movement the Tupamaros launched in the late 1960s led Uruguay's president to agree to military control of his administration in 1973. By the end of the year the rebels had been crushed but the military continued to expand its hold throughout the government. Civilian rule was not restored until 1985. Uruguay has long had one of South America's highest standards of living; its political and labor conditions are among the freest on the continent.


Uruguay - Geography 1996
top of page


Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Area
Total: 176,220 km²
Land: 173,620 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Washington State

Land boundaries: Total 1,564 km, Argentina 579 km, Brazil 985 km

Coastline: 660 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Territorial sea: 200 nm; overflight and navigation guaranteed beyond 12 nm

Climate: Warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown

Terrain: Mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m

Natural resources:
Soil
Hydropower potential
Minor minerals

Land use

Land use
Arable land: 8%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 78%
Forests and woodland: 4%
Other: 10%

Irrigated land: 1,100 km² (1989 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography


Uruguay - People 1996
top of page


Population:
3,238,952 (July 1996 est.)
3,222,716 (July 1995 est.)

Growth rate:
0.7% (1996 est.)
0.74% (1995 est.)


Nationality
Noun: Uruguayan(s)
Adjective: Uruguayan

Ethnic groups:
White 88%
Mestizo 8%
Black 4%


Languages: Spanish, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)

Religions:
Roman Catholic 66% (less than half adult population attends church regularly), Protestant 2%
Jewish 2%
Nonprofessing or other 30%


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
24% (male 405,041; female 386,155) (July 1996 est.)
25% (male 409,580; female 392,262) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
63% (male 1,004,089; female 1,035,336) (July 1996 est.)
63% (male 995,492; female 1,026,314) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
13% (male 170,109; female 238,222) (July 1996 est.)
12% (male 165,691; female 233,377) (July 1995 est.)


Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
0.7% (1996 est.)
0.74% (1995 est.)


Birth rate:
17.02 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
17.57 births/1000 population (1995 est.)


Death rate:
9.05 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
9.27 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)


Net migration rate:
-0.99 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
-0.93 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)


Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: substantial pollution from Brazilian industry along border; one-fifth of country affected by acid rain generated by Brazil; water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal
Current issues Natural hazards: seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes in weather fronts
International agreements: party to_Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified_Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
All ages:
0.95 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:15.4 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
16.3 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)


Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 74.94 years (1996 est.), 74.46 years (1995 est.)
Male: 71.8 years (1996 est.), 71.24 years (1995 est.)
Female: 78.25 years (1996 est.), 77.83 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
2.32 children born/woman (1996 est.)
2.41 children born/woman (1995 est.)


Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write (1995 est.)
Total population: 97.3%
Male: 96.9%
Female: 97.7%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Uruguay - Government 1996
top of page


Country name
Conventional long form: Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Conventional short form: Uruguay
Local long form: Republica Oriental del Uruguay
Local short form: Uruguay

Government type: Republic

Capital: Montevideo

Administrative divisions: 19 departments (departamentos, singular_departamento; Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres

Dependent areas

Independence: 25 August 1828 (from Brazil)

National holiday: Independence Day, 25 August (1828)

Constitution: 27 November 1966, effective February 1967, suspended 27 June 1973, new constitution rejected by referendum 30 November 1980

Legal system: Based on Spanish civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch
Chief of state and head of government: President Julio Maria SANGUINETTI (since 1 March 1995); Vice President Hugo BATALLA (since 1 March 1995); election last held 27 November 1994 (next to be held NA November 1999)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed by the president

Legislative branch: Bicameral General Assembly (Asamblea General) Chamber of Senators (Camara De Senadores):Elections last held 27 November 1994 (next to be held NA November 1999; results_Colorado 36%, Blanco 34 %, Encuentro Progresista 27%, New Sector 3%; seats_(30 total) Colorado 11, Blanco 10, Encuentro Progresista 8, New Sector 1 Chamber of Representatives (Camera De Representantes):Elections last held 27 November 1994 (next to be held NA November 1999; results_Colorado 32%, Blanco 31%, Encuentro Progresista 31%, New Sector 5%; seats_(99 total) Colorado 32, Blanco 31, Encuentro Progresista 31, New Sector 5

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AG (observer), CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MINURSO, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, PCA, RG, UN, UNAMIR, UNAVEM III, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMOGIP, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UNOMIL, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Uruguay: Nine equal horizontal stripes of white (top and bottom) alternating with blue; there is a white square in the upper hoist-side corner with a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of May and 16 rays alternately triangular and wavy

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Uruguay - Economy 1996
top of page


Economy overview: Uruguay's small economy benefits from a favorable climate for agriculture and substantial hydropower potential. Economic development has been restrained in recent years by high_though declining_inflation and extensive government regulation. The SANGUINETTI government's conservative monetary and fiscal policies are aimed at continuing to reduce inflation, currently at 35.4%; other priorities include extensive reform of the social security system and increased investment in education. Uruguay went into recession during second quarter 1995 and ended the year with an estimated 2% fall in GDP and a two percentage point rise in unemployment to 11%. This was partly due to Argentina's recession and the slowdown in Brazilian growth in 1995, which contributed to declines in the Uruguayan manufacturing, construction, and service sectors. However, despite its Mercosur (Southern Cone Common Market) partners' troubles, Uruguayan trade expanded and potential new markets are being explored through Mercosur negotiations with neighboring countries and the European Union (EU). Uruguay also recently augmented its transport and agricultural sector ties with the US. The economy is expected to come out of recession as regional growth prospects improve.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate:
-2.4% (1995 est.)
4% (1994 est.)


Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Accounts for 10.5% of GDP; large areas devoted to livestock grazing; wheat, rice, corn, sorghum; fishing; self-sufficient in most basic foodstuffs

Industries:
Meat processing
Wool and hides
Sugar
Textiles
Footwear
Leather apparel
Tires
Cement
Petroleum refining
Wine


Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate -19% (1995 est.), 3.9% (1992; accounts for 27.5% of GDP

Labor force: 1.355 million (1991 est.)
By occupation government: 25%
By occupation manufacturing: 19%
By occupation agriculture: 11%
By occupation commerce: 12%
By occupation construction transport and communications: 12%
By occupation other services: 21% (1988 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
11% (1995)
9% (1994 est.)


Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $3.03 billion (1994 est.); $2.9 billion (1991 est.)
Expenditures: $3.37 billion with capital expenditures of $NA (1994 est.); $3 billion, including capital expenditures of $388 million (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: Calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports:
total value. $2.3 billion (f.o.b., 1995 est.)
$1.78 billion (f.o.b., 1994 est.)

Commodities:
Wool and textile manufactures
Beef and other animal products
Leather
Rice

Partners:
Brazil
Argentina
U.S.
China
Italy


Imports
Total value:
$3.1 billion (c.i.f., 1995 est.)
$2.461 billion (c.i.f., 1994 est.)

Commodities:
Machinery and equipment
Vehicles
Chemicals
Minerals
Plastics

Partners:
Brazil
Argentina
U.S.
Nigeria


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external:
$4.95 billion (1995)
$4.2 billion (1993)


Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Uruguayan pesos ($Ur) per US$1_7.12 (January 1996), 5.6 (January 1995), 5.0529 (1994), 3.9484 (1993), 3.0270 (1992), 2.0188 (1991), 1.1710 (1990)
Note: On 1 March 1993 the former New Peso (N$Ur) was replaced as Uruguay's unit of currency by the Peso which is equal to 1,000 of the New Pesos


Uruguay - Energy 1996
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 9 billion kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,575 kWh (1993)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Uruguay - Communication 1996
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: 451,000 telephones; some modern facilities
Local: most modern facilities concentrated in Montevideo
Intercity: new nationwide microwave radio relay network
International: 2 INTELSAT (Atlantic Ocean) earth stations

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Uruguay - Military 1996
top of page


Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $256 million, 1.5% of GDP (1994; $216 million, 2.3% of GDP (1991 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Uruguay - Transportation 1996
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 66
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 2
914 to 1523 m: 14 (1995 est.)
Under 914 m: 36

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1,600 km; used by coastal and shallow-draft river craft

Merchant marine
Total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 71,405 GRT/110,939 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 1, container 1, oil tanker 1

Ports and terminals


Uruguay - Transnational issues 1996
top of page


Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Numa


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it