Statistical information West Bank 1996West%20Bank

Map of West Bank | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

West Bank in the World
West Bank in the World


West Bank - Introduction 1996
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Background: The Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements ("the DOP"), signed in Washington on 13 September 1993, provides for a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Permanent status negotiations began on 5 May 1996. Under the DOP, Israel agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, which includes a Palestinian Legislative Council elected in January 1996, as part of interim self-governing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. A transfer of powers and responsibilities for the Gaza Strip and Jericho has taken place pursuant to the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area and in additional areas of the West Bank pursuant to the Israel-PLO 28 September 1995 Interim Agreement. The DOP provides that Israel will retain responsibility during the transitional period for external security and for internal security and public order of settlements and Israelis. Permanent status is to be determined through direct negotiations which began on 5 May 1996.

West Bank - Geography 1996
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Location: Middle East, west of Jordan

Geographic coordinates

Map reference

Total: 5,860 km²
Land: 5,640 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Delaware
Comparative note: Includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967

Land boundaries: Total 404 km, Israel 307 km, Jordan 97 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: None; landlocked

Climate: Temperate, temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters

Terrain: Mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation in west, but barren in east

Extremes lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
Extremes highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m

Natural resources: Negligible
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 27%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 32%
Forests and woodland: 1%
Other: 40%

Irrigated land: NA

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards


West Bank - People 1996
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1,427,741 (July 1996 est.)
1,319,991 (July 1995 est.)

In addition, there are 127,600 Israeli settlers in the West Bank and 153,700 in East Jerusalem (August 1995 est.)
(122,000 and 149,000 August 1994 est.)

Growth rate:
4.99% (1996 est.)
3.5% (1995 est.)

Noun: NA
Adjective: NA

Ethnic groups:
Palestinian Arab and other 83%
Jewish 17%

Languages: Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers), English (widely understood)

Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%
Christian and other 8%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years:
45% (male 332,628; female 315,968) (July 1996 est.)
46% (male 308,775; female 293,269) (July 1995 est.)

15-64 years:
51% (male 368,180; female 362,880) (July 1996 est.)
51% (male 337,722; female 335,193) (July 1995 est.)

65 years and over:
4% (male 20,495; female 27,590) (July 1996 est.)
3% (male 19,273; female 25,759) (July 1995 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate:
4.99% (1996 est.)
3.5% (1995 est.)

Birth rate:
38.78 births/1000 population (1996 est.)
39.83 births/1000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate:
4.66 deaths/1000 population (1996 est.)
4.84 deaths/1000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate:
15.76 migrant(s)/1000 population (1996 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1000 population (1995 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
Current issues Natural hazards: NA
International agreements: NA
International agreements note: Landlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers; there are 199 Jewish settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank and 25 in East Jerusalem (August 1994 est.)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
All ages:
1.02 male(s)/female (1996 est.) Infant Mortality Rate:28.6 deaths/1000 live births (1996 est.)
29.7 deaths/1000 live births (1995 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.76 years (1996 est.); 71.42 years (1995 est.)
Male: 70.17 years (1996 est.); 69.91 years (1995 est.)
Female: 73.44 years (1996 est.); 73 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate:
5.2 children born/woman (1996 est.)
5.34 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: definition:NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

West Bank - Government 1996
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: West Bank

Government type


Administrative divisions

Dependent areas


National holiday


Legal system

International law organization participation



Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of West%20Bank: The PLO flag. Three equal horizontal bands of black (top), white and green. On the host side there is a red triangle

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

West Bank - Economy 1996
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Economy overview: Economic progress in the West Bank has been hampered by Israeli military administration and the effects of the Palestinian uprising (intifadah). Industries using advanced technology or requiring sizable investment have been discouraged by a lack of local capital and restrictive Israeli policies. Capital investment consists largely of residential housing, not productive assets that would enable local Palestinian firms to compete with Israeli industry. GDP has been substantially supplemented by remittances of workers employed in Israel and Persian Gulf states. Such transfers from the Gulf dropped after Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990. In the wake of the Persian Gulf crisis, many Palestinians have returned to the West Bank, increasing unemployment, and export revenues have dropped because of the decline of markets in Jordan and the Gulf states. The area's economic situation has worsened since Israel imposed stringent border restrictions in 1995 and 1996.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3%-4% (1995 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: Olives, citrus and other fruits, vegetables, beef, and dairy products

Generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs
The Israelis have established some small-scale modern industries in the settlements and industrial centers

Industrial production growth rate: Growth rate NA

Labor force: NA
By occupation construction: 28.2%
By occupation agriculture: 21.8%
By occupation industry: 14.5%
By occupation restaurants and hotels: 12.6%
By occupation other services: 22.9% (1991)
By occupation note: excluding Jewish settlers
Labor force

Unemployment rate:
25%-30% (1995 est.)
35% (1994 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $43.4 million
Expenditures: $43.7 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY89/90)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: Calendar year (since 1 January 1992)

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

total value. $116 million (f.o.b., 1994 est.)
$217 million (f.o.b., 1992)



Total value:
$791 million (c.i.f., 1994 est.)
$867 million (c.i.f., 1992)

Consumer goods
Construction materials


Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates:
New Israeli shekels (NIS) per US$1_3.1295 (January 1996), 3.0113 (1995), 3.0111 (1994), 2.8301 (1993), 2.4591 (1992), 2.2791 (1991), 2.0162 (1990);
Jordanian dinars (JD) per US$1_0.7090 (January 1996), 0.7005 (1995), 0.6987 (1994), 0.6928 (1993), 0.6797 (1992), 0.6808 (1991), 0.6636 (1990)

West Bank - Energy 1996
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

West Bank - Communication 1996
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: NA telephones; note_8% of Palestinian households have telephones (1992 est.)
Local: NA
Intercity: NA
International: NA
Note: Israeli company BEZEK is responsible for communication services in the West Bank

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

West Bank - Military 1996
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

West Bank - Transportation 1996
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

West Bank - Transnational issues 1996
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Iberostar Hotels

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