Andorra 1997Andorra

 Andorra | | | | | |
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Andorra - Introduction 1997
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Background: Long isolated and impoverished mountainous Andorra has achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.

Andorra - Geography 1997
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Location: Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain

Geographic coordinates: 42 30 N, 1 30 E

Map referenceEurope

Total: 450 km²
Land: 450 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries
Total: 125 km
Border countries: (2) France 60 km; , Spain 65 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers

Terrain: rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys

Extremes lowest point: Riu Valira 840 m
Extremes highest point: Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m

Natural resources: hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 2%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 56%
Forests and woodland: 22%
Other: 20% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: snowslides, avalanches

Note: landlocked

Andorra - People 1997
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Population: 64,000 (July 1997 est.)
Growth rate: 0.72% (1997 est.)

Noun: Andorran(s)
Adjective: Andorran

Ethnic groups: Spanish 61%, Andorran 30%, French 6%, other 3%

Languages: Catalan (official), French, Castilian

Religions: Roman Catholic (predominant)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 14% (male 4,788; female 4,452)
15-64 years: 74% (male 25,291; female 21,807)
65 years and over: 12% (male 3,903; female 3,759) (July 1997 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.72% (1997 est.)

Birth rate: 10.67 births/1000 population (1997 est.)

Death rate: 5.2 deaths/1000 population (1997 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.77 migrant(s)/1000 population (1997 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.04 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.13 male(s)/female (1997 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 4.1 deaths/1000 live births (1997 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 83.45 years
Male: 80.53 years
Female: 86.53 years (1997 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.21 children born/woman (1997 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Andorra - Government 1997
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Country name
Conventional long form: Principality of Andorra
Conventional short form: Andorra
Local long form: Principat d'Andorra
Local short form: Andorra

Government type: parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its heads of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of France and Spanish bishop of Seo de Urgel, who are represented locally by officials called veguers

Capital: Andorra la Vella

Administrative divisions: 7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia; Andorra, Canillo, Encamp, La Massana, Les Escaldes, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria

Dependent areas

Independence: 1278

National holiday: Mare de Deu de Meritxell, 8 September

Constitution: Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991; adopted 14 March 1993

Legal system: based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: French Coprince Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995) and Spanish Episcopal Coprince Monseigneur Juan MARTI Alanis (since 31 January 1971); note - each coprince is represented by a veguer (current names NA)
Head of government: Executive Council President Marc FORNE Molne (since 21 December 1994)
Cabinet: Executive Council designated by the executive council president
Elections: executive council president elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the coprinces; election last held 16 February 1997 (next to be held NA 2001)
Election results: Marc FORNE Molne elected executive council president; percent of General Council vote - NA

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council of the Valleys or Consell General de las Valls (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote, 14 from a single national constituency and 14 to represent each of the 7 parishes; members serve four-year terms)
Elections: last held 16 February 1997 (next to be held February 2001)
Election results: percent of vote by party - UL 57%, AND 21%, IDN 7%, ND 7%, other 8%; seats by party - UL 16, AND 6, ND 2, IDN 2, UPO 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Andorra at Perpignan (France) two civil judges appointed by the veguers, one appeals judge appointed by the coprinces alternately; Ecclesiastical Court of the Bishop of Seo de Urgel (Spain; Tribunal of the Courts or Tribunal des Cortes presided over by the two civil judges, one appeals judge, the veguers, and two members of the General Council

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: CE, ECE, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, ITU, UN, UNESCO, WIPO, WToO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Juli MINOVES-TRIQUELL (also Permanent Representative to the UN)
In the us chancery: 2 United Nations Plaza, 25th Floor, New York, NY 10,017
In the us telephone: [1] (212) 750-8,064
In the us FAX: [1] (212) 750-6,630
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Andorra; US interests in Andorra are represented by the Consulate General's office in Barcelona (Spain; mailing address:Paseo Reina Elisenda, 23, 8,034 Barcelona, Spain; telephone:(343) 280-2,227; FAX:(343) 205-7,705; note - Consul General Maurice S. PARKER makes periodic visits to Andorra

Flag descriptionflag of Andorra: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the coat of arms features a quartered shield; similar to the flags of Chad and Romania that do not have a national coat of arms in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Andorra - Economy 1997
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Economy overview: Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for roughly 80% of GDP. An estimated 10 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs. The banking sector, with its "tax haven" status, also contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited by a scarcity of arable land, and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is sheep raising. Manufacturing consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture. Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: small quantities of tobacco, rye, wheat, barley, oats, vegetables; sheep raising

Industries: tourism (particularly skiing), sheep, timber, tobacco, banking

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 0%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $138 million
Expenditures: $177 million, including capital expenditures of $N/A (1993)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Total value: $47 million (f.o.b., 1995)
Commodities: electricity, tobacco products, furniture
Partners: France 49%, Spain 47%

Total value: $1 billion (1995)
Commodities: consumer goods, food
Partners: France, Spain, US 4.2%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.4169 (January 1997), 5.1155 (1996), 4.9915 (1995), 5.5520 (1994), 5.6632 (1993), 5.2938 (1992; Spanish pesetas (Ptas) per US$1 - 134.77 (January 1997), 126.66 (1996), 124.69 (1995), 133.96 (1994), 127.26 (1993), 102.38 (1992)

Andorra - Energy 1997
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 140 million kWh (1992)

Electricity consumption
Per capita: NA kWh; note - Andorra exports most of its electricity to France and Spain

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Andorra - Communication 1997
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system
Domestic: modern system with microwave radio relay connections between exchanges
International: landline circuits to France and Spain

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Andorra - Military 1997
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Andorra - Transportation 1997
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: none

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km



Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Andorra - Transnational issues 1997
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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