Aruba 1997Aruba

 Aruba | | | | | |
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Qatar Airways

Aruba - Introduction 1997
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Background: Formerly one of the Netherlands Antilles Aruba became an autonomous part of the Netherlands in 1986.

Aruba - Geography 1997
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Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates: 12 30 N, 69 58 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 193 km²
Land: 193 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 68.5 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea:12 nm

Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: flat with a few hills; scant vegetation

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Jamanota 188 m

Natural resources: negligible; white sandy beaches
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 11%
Permanent crops: NA%
Permanent pastures: NA%
Forests and woodland: NA%
Other: 89% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: lies outside the Caribbean hurricane belt


Aruba - People 1997
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Population: 68,031 (July 1997 est.)
Growth rate: 0.39% (1997 est.)

Noun: Aruban(s)
Adjective: Aruban

Ethnic groups: mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%

Languages: Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish

Religions: Roman Catholic 82%, Protestant 8%, Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 22% (male 7,814; female 7,127)
15-64 years: 69% (male 22,544; female 24,656)
65 years and over: 9% (male 2,433; female 3,457) (July 1997 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.39% (1997 est.)

Birth rate: 14.2 births/1000 population (1997 est.)

Death rate: 6.32 deaths/1000 population (1997 est.)

Net migration rate: -3.97 migrant(s)/1000 population (1997 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (1997 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8.1 deaths/1000 live births (1997 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.8 years
Male: 73.11 years
Female: 80.68 years (1997 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.81 children born/woman (1997 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy: NA

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Aruba - Government 1997
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Aruba

Government type: NA

Capital: Oranjestad

Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; in 1990, Aruba requested and received from the Netherlands cancellation of the agreement to automatically give independence to the island in 1996)

National holiday: Flag Day, 18 March

Constitution: 1 January 1986

Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980), represented by Governor General Olindo KOOLMAN (since 1 January 1992)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jan (Henny) H. EMAN (since 29 July 1994) and Deputy Prime Minister Glenbert F. CROES
Cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten
Elections: the queen is a constitutional monarch; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the queen; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for a four-year term; election last held 29 July 1994 (next to be held by July 1998)
Election results: Jan (Henny) H. EMAN elected prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA; Glenbert F. CROES elected deputy prime minister; percent of legislative vote - NA

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote and serve four-year terms)
Elections: last held 29 July 1994 (next to be held by NA July 1998)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AVP 10, MEP 9, OLA 2

Judicial branch: Joint High Court of Justice

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ECLAC (associate), Interpol, IOC, UNESCO (associate), WCL, WToO (associate)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
From the us: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Flag descriptionflag of Aruba: blue with two narrow horizontal yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Aruba - Economy 1997
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Economy overview: Tourism is the mainstay of the Aruban economy, although offshore banking and oil refining and storage are also important. The rapid growth of the tourism sector over the last decade has resulted in a substantial expansion of other activities. Construction has boomed, with hotel capacity five times the 1985 level. In addition, the reopening of the country's oil refinery in 1993, a major source of employment and foreign exchange earnings, has further spurred growth. Aruba's small labor force and less than 1% unemployment rate have led to a large number of unfilled job vacancies despite sharp rises in wage rates in recent years.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 5% (1996 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: aloes; livestock; fishing

Industries: tourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: most employment is in the tourist industry (1996)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 0.5% (1994)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $145 million
Expenditures: $185 million, including capital expenditures of $42 million (1988)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Total value: $1.3 billion (including oil re-exports) (f.o.b., 1995)
Commodities: mostly refined petroleum products
Partners: US 64%, EU

Total value: $1.8 billion (f.o.b., 1995)
Commodities: food, consumer goods, manufactures, petroleum products, crude oil for refining and reexport
Partners: US 8%, EU

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $669 million (December 1995)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Aruban florins (Af.) per US$1 - 1.7900 (fixed rate since 1986)

Aruba - Energy 1997
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh

Electricity consumption
Per capita: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Aruba - Communication 1997
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system
Domestic: more than adequate
International: 1 submarine cable to Sint Maarten (Netherlands Antilles); extensive interisland microwave radio relay links

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Aruba - Military 1997
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Aruba - Transportation 1997
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 (1996 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km



Merchant marine
Total: 4 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 7,274 GRT/ 10,130 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 3 (1996 est.)

Ports and terminals

Aruba - Transnational issues 1997
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: drug money-laundering center and transit point for narcotics bound for the US and Europe; added to the US list of major drug producing or drug transit countries in December 1996


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