Statistical information French Southern and Antarctic Lands 1997French%20Southern%20and%20Antarctic%20Lands

Map of French Southern and Antarctic Lands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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French Southern and Antarctic Lands in the World
French Southern and Antarctic Lands in the World

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French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Introduction 1997
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Background: The Southern Lands consist of two archipelagos Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen and two volcanic islands Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul. They contain no permanent inhabitants and are visited only by researchers studying the native fauna. The Antarctic portion consists of 'Adelie Land' a thin slice of the Antarctic continent discovered and claimed by the French in 1840.


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Geography 1997
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Location: South of Africa, islands in the southern Indian Ocean, about equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia; note - French Southern and Antarctic Lands includes Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet, and Iles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, "Adelie Land"; the US does not recognize the French claim to "Adelie Land"

Geographic coordinates: 43 00 S, 67 00 E

Map referenceAntarctic Region

Area
Total: 7,781 km²
Land: 7,781 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen; excludes "Adelie Land" claim of about 500,000 km² in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US
Comparative: slightly less than 1.3 times the size of Delaware

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1,232 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm from Iles Kerguelen only
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: antarctic

Terrain: volcanic

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mont Ross on Kerguelen 1,850 m

Natural resources: fish, crayfish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: 0 km² (1993)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul are extinct volcanoes

Geography
Note: remote location in the southern Indian Ocean


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - People 1997
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Population: no indigenous inhabitants
Note: there were 134 (1996) mostly researchers whose numbers vary from winter (July) to summer (January)

Nationality

Ethnic groups

Languages

Religions

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Government 1997
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Conventional short form: French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Local long form: Territoire des Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises
Local short form: Terres Australes et Antarctiques Francaises

Government type

Capital: none; administered from Paris, France

Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 districts named Ile Crozet, Iles Kerguelen, and Iles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam; excludes "Adelie Land" claim in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas territory of France)

National holiday

Constitution

Legal system

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of French%20Southern%20and%20Antarctic%20Lands: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Economy 1997
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Economy overview: Economic activity is limited to servicing meteorological and geophysical research stations and French and other fishing fleets. The fish catches landed on Iles Kerguelen by foreign ships are exported to France and Reunion.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products

Industries

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $24.5 million
Expenditures: $N/A, including capital expenditures of $N/A (1996)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports

Imports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Energy 1997
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Communication 1997
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system
Domestic: NA
International: NA

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Military 1997
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Transportation 1997
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: none

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine
Total: 73 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,535,552 GRT/4,382,987 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 4, cargo 7, chemical tanker 7, container 11, liquefied gas tanker 5, multifunction large-load carrier 1, oil tanker 22, refrigerated cargo 4, roll-on/roll-off cargo 11, specialized tanker 1
Note: a subset of the French register allowing French-owned ships to operate under more liberal taxation and manning regulations than permissible under the main French register (1996 est.)

Ports and terminals


French Southern and Antarctic Lands - Transnational issues 1997
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Disputes international: "Adelie Land" claim in Antarctica is not recognized by the US

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Turbopass


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