Statistical information New Caledonia 1997New%20Caledonia

Map of New Caledonia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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New Caledonia in the World

Undercover Tourist

New Caledonia - Introduction 1997
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Background: Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s seems to have dissipated.

New Caledonia - Geography 1997
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Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

Geographic coordinates: 21 30 S, 165 30 E

Map referenceOceania

Total: 19,060 km²
Land: 18,575 km²
Water: 485 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 2,254 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

Terrain: coastal plains with interior mountains

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m

Natural resources: nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 12%
Forests and woodland: 39%
Other: 49% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons most frequent from November to March


New Caledonia - People 1997
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Population: 191,003 (July 1997 est.)
Growth rate: 1.68% (1997 est.)

Noun: New Caledonian(s)
Adjective: New Caledonian

Ethnic groups: Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%

Languages: French, 28 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects

Religions: Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 30% (male 29,204; female 28,140)
15-64 years: 65% (male 62,344; female 60,864)
65 years and over: 5% (male 4,972; female 5,479) (July 1997 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.68% (1997 est.)

Birth rate: 21.43 births/1000 population (1997 est.)

Death rate: 4.86 deaths/1000 population (1997 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.23 migrant(s)/1000 population (1997 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (1997 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 13.3 deaths/1000 live births (1997 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 74.68 years
Male: 71.4 years
Female: 78.11 years (1997 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.5 children born/woman (1997 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 91%
Male: 92%
Female: 90% (1976 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

New Caledonia - Government 1997
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies
Conventional short form: New Caledonia
Local long form: Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances
Local short form: Nouvelle-Caledonie

Government type: NA

Capital: Noumea

Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 3 provinces named Iles Loyaute, Nord, and Sud

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas territory of France; a referendum on independence will be held in 1998)

National holiday: National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands; formerly under French law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President of France Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by High Commissioner and President of the Council of Government Dominque BUR (since NA August 1995)
Head of government: President of the Territorial Congress Pierre FROGIER (since 31 July 1995)
Cabinet: Consultative Committee
Elections: high commissioner appointed by the president of France on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the Territorial Congress elected by the members of the congress

Legislative branch: unicameral Territorial Congress or Congres Territorial (54 seats; members are members of the three Provincial Assemblies or Assemblees Provinciales elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
Elections: last held 9 July 1995 (next to be held NA July 2001)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPCR 22, FLNKS 12, UNCT 7, various left parties 7, various right parties 6
Note: New Caledonia elects 1 seat to the French Senate; elections last held 27 September 1992 (next to be held NA September 2001); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPCR 1; New Caledonia also elects 2 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held 21 March 1993 (next to be held 25 May-1 June 1997 - special election); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - RPCR 2

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate), FZ, ICFTU, SPC, WFTU, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas territory of France)
From the us: none (overseas territory of France)

Flag descriptionflag of New%20Caledonia: three horizontal bands, blue (top), red, and green, with a yellow disk enclosing a black symbol centered to the hoist side; the flag of France is used for official occasions

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

New Caledonia - Economy 1997
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Economy overview: New Caledonia has more than 20% of the world's known nickel resources. In recent years, the economy has suffered because of depressed international demand for nickel, the principal source of export earnings. Only a negligible amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 25% of imports. In addition to nickel, financial support from France and tourism are key to the health of the economy.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 5%
Industry: 35%
Services: 60% (1992 est.)

Agriculture products: vegetables; beef, other livestock products

Industries: nickel mining and smelting

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force
Total: 70,044 (1988)
By occupation agriculture: 32%
By occupation industry: 20%
By occupation services: 40%
By occupation mining: 8% (1992)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1994)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $755.6 million
Expenditures: $755.6 million, including capital expenditures of $N/A (1995 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Total value: $528 million (f.o.b., 1995)
Commodities: nickel metal 24.5%, nickel ore
Partners: France 32.2%, Japan 23.5%, Germany 6.7%, US 3.6%, India 1.2%

Total value: $980 million (c.i.f., 1992)
Commodities: foods, fuels, minerals, machines, electrical equipment
Partners: France 46.3%, ECE 14.9%, Australia 10.2%, Japan 6.3%, New Zealand 4.4%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (CFPF) per US$1 - 98.48 (January 1997), 93.00 (1996), 90.75 (1995), 100.93 (1994), 102.96 (1993), 96.24 (1992; note - linked at the rate of 18.18 to the French franc

New Caledonia - Energy 1997
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.12 billion kWh (1994)

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 5,744 kWh (1995 est.)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

New Caledonia - Communication 1997
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system
Domestic: NA
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

New Caledonia - Military 1997
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

New Caledonia - Transportation 1997
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 28 (1996 est.)
With paved runways total: 16
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 3
With paved runways under 914 m: 12 (1996 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 12
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 12 (1996 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 16
Over 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 3
Under 914 m: 12 (1996 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 12
914 to 1523 m: 12 (1996 est.)

Heliports: 7 (1996 est.)


Railways: 0 km



Merchant marine: total:1 roll-on/roll-off ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,079 GRT/724 DWT (1996 est.)

Ports and terminals

New Caledonia - Transnational issues 1997
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Disputes international: Matthew and Hunter Islands claimed by France and Vanuatu

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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