Saint Kitts and Nevis 1998Saint%20Kitts%20and%20Nevis

 Saint Kitts and Nevis | | | | | |
| | | :  |

Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis 

Unlimited Biking

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Introduction 1998
top of page

Background: First settled by the British in 1623 the islands along with Anguilla became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. St. Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998 a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from St. Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed.

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Geography 1998
top of page

Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates: 17 20 N, 62 45 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 269 km²
Land: 269 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 135 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Contiguous zone: 24 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climate: subtropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrain: volcanic with mountainous interiors

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m

Natural resources: NEGL
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 22%
Permanent crops: 17%
Permanent pastures: 3%
Forests and woodland: 17%
Other: 41% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hurricanes (July to October)


Saint Kitts and Nevis - People 1998
top of page

Population: 42,291 (July 1998 est.)
Growth rate: 1.23% (1998 est.)

Noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)
Adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian

Ethnic groups: black

Languages: English

Religions: Anglican, other Protestant sects, Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 33% (male 7,217; female 6,860)
15-64 years: 61% (male 12,860; female 12,748)
65 years and over: 6% (male 1,058; female 1,548) (July 1998 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.23% (1998 est.)

Birth rate: 22.87 births/1000 population (1998 est.)

Death rate: 8.51 deaths/1000 population (1998 est.)

Net migration rate: -2.08 migrant(s)/1000 population (1998 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female (1998 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17.89 deaths/1000 live births (1998 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 67.58 years
Male: 64.52 years
Female: 70.82 years (1998 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.45 children born/woman (1998 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 97%
Male: 97%
Female: 98% (1980 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Government 1998
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Basseterre

Administrative divisions: 14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capisterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capisterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point

Dependent areas

Independence: 19 September 1983 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 19 September (1983)

Constitution: 19 September 1983

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal adult

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II of the UK (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Dr. Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996): ead of
Government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995) and Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister
Elections: none; the queen is a hereditary monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly (14 seats, 11 popularly elected from single member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
Elections: last held 3 July 1995 (next to be held by July 2000)
Election results: percent of vote by party_SKLNP 58%, PAM 41%; seats by party_SKNLP 7, PAM 1, NRP 1, CCM 2

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Kitts

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, OAS, OECS, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Osbert W. LIBURD
In the us chancery: 3,216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,016
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 686-2,636
In the us fax: [1] (202) 686-5,740
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; US interests are monitored by the embassy in Bridgetown, Barbados

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Kitts%20and%20Nevis: divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Economy 1998
top of page

Economy overview: The economy has traditionally depended on the growing and processing of sugarcane; decreasing world prices have hurt the industry in recent years. Tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking activity have assumed larger roles. Most food is imported. The government has undertaken a program designed to revitalize the faltering sugar sector. It is also working to improve revenue collection in order to better fund social programs. In 1997 some leaders in Nevis were urging separation from Saint Kitts on the basis that Nevis was paying far more in taxes than it was receiving in government services.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 5.8% (1996 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 6%
Industry: 22%
Services: 72% (1996 est.)

Agriculture products: sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fishing potential not fully exploited

Industries: sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force
Total: 18,172 (June 1995)
By occupation services: 69%
By occupation manufacturing: 31%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4.3% (May 1995)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $100.2 million
Expenditures: $100.1 million, including capital expenditures of $41.4 million (1996 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: total value:$39.1 million (f.o.b., 1996 est.)
Commodoties: machinery, food, electronics, beverages and tobacco
Partners: US 46.6%, UK 26.4%, Caricom nations 9.8% (1994)

Imports: total value:$131.5 million (f.o.b., 1996 est.)
Commodoties: machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
Partners: US 45%, Caricom nations 18.8%, UK 12.5%, Canada 4.2%, Japan 4.2%, (1994)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $56 million (1995 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1_2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Energy 1998
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 81 million kWh (1995)

Electricity consumption
Per capita: 1,976 kWh (1995)

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Communication 1998
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system: good interisland VHF/UHF/SHF radiotelephone connections and international link via Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles)
Domestic: interisland links are handled by VHF/UHF/SHF radiotelephone
International: international calls are carried by radiotelephone to Antigua and Barbuda and from there switched to submarine cable or to Intelsat, or carried to Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) by radiotelephone and switched to Intelsat

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Military 1998
top of page

Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Transportation 1998
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 (1997 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1 (1997 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (1997 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways



Total: 58 km
Narrow gauge: 58 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts to serve sugarcane plantations (1995)



Merchant marine: none

Ports and terminals

Saint Kitts and Nevis - Transnational issues 1998
top of page

Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment points for South American drugs destined for the US


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it