Federated States of Micronesia 1999Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia

 Federated States of Micronesia | | | | | |
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Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia 

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Federated States of Micronesia - Introduction 1999
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Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia a UN Trust Territory under US administration adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment overfishing and overdependence on US aid.


Federated States of Micronesia - Geography 1999
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Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Geographic coordinates: 6 55 N, 158 15 E

Map referenceOceania

Area
Total: 702 km²
Land: 702 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae
Comparative: four times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 6,112 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage

Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Totolom 791 m

Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Permanent pastures: NA%
Forests and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)

Geography
Note: four major island groups totaling 607 islands


Federated States of Micronesia - People 1999
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Population: 131,500 (July 1999 est.)
Growth rate: 3.3% (1999 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Micronesian(s)
Adjective: Micronesian; Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese, Yapese

Ethnic groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

Languages: English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean

Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%, other and none 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.3% (1999 est.)

Birth rate: 27.32 births/1000 population (1999 est.)

Death rate: 6.01 deaths/1000 population (1999 est.)

Net migration rate: 11.65 migrant(s)/1000 population (1999 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
International agreements signed but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 33.99 deaths/1000 live births (1999 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 68.48 years
Male: 66.52 years
Female: 70.48 years (1999 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.87 children born/woman (1999 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 89%
Male: 91%
Female: 88% (1980 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Federated States of Micronesia - Government 1999
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Country name
Conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Conventional short form: none
Former: Kosrae, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
Abbreviation: FSM

Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

Capital: Palikir

Administrative divisions: 4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia, 10 May (1979)

Constitution: 10 May 1979

Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Jacob NENA (acting president since NA July 1996, president since 9 May 1997); Vice President Leo A. FALCAM (since 9 May 1997); note_the president is both the chief of state and head of government; Vice President Jacob NENA became acting president in July 1996 after President Bailey OLTER suffered a stroke; OLTER was declared incapacitated in November 1996; as provided for by the constitution, 180 days later, with OLTER still unable to resume his duties, NENA was sworn in as the new president; he will serve for the remaining two years of OLTER's term
Head of government: President Jacob NENA (acting president since NA July 1996, president since 9 May 1997); Vice President Leo A. FALCAM (since 9 May 1997); note_the president is both the chief of state and head of government; Vice President Jacob NENA became acting president in July 1996 after President Bailey OLTER suffered a stroke; OLTER was declared incapacitated in November 1996; as provided for by the constitution, 180 days later, with OLTER still unable to resume his duties, NENA was sworn in as the new president; he will serve for the remaining two years of OLTER's term
Cabinet: Cabinet
Elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large for four-year terms; election last held 11 May 1995 (next to be held NA May 1999); note_because of the vacancy to the post of vice president created after NENA left to become acting president, a new election to fill the position of vice president for the remaining two years of the term was held on 9 May 1997 (next to be held NA May 1999)
Election results: Bailey OLTER reelected president; percent of Congress vote_NA; Leo A. FALCAM elected vice president; percent of Congress vote_NA

Legislative branch: unicameral Congress (14 seats; members elected by popular vote; four_one elected from each of state_to serve four-year terms and 10_elected from single-member districts delineated by population_to serve two-year terms)
Elections: elections for four-year term seats last held 7 March 1995 (next to be held 2 March 1999); elections for two-year term seats last held 3 March 1997 (next to be held NA March 1999)
Election results: percent of vote_NA; seats_independents 14

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, Intelsat, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, WHO, WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU
In the us chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20,036
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 223-4,383
In the us FAX: [1] (202) 223-4,391
In the us consulates general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Ann WRIGHT
From the us embassy: address NA, Kolonia
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96,941
From the us telephone: [691] 320-2,187
From the us FAX: [691] 320-2,186

Flag descriptionflag of Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Federated States of Micronesia - Economy 1999
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Economy overview: Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1 billion in the islands in the 1990s. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1% (1996 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products

Industries

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports

Imports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Federated States of Micronesia - Energy 1999
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Federated States of Micronesia - Communication 1999
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Federated States of Micronesia - Military 1999
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Federated States of Micronesia - Transportation 1999
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Federated States of Micronesia - Transnational issues 1999
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Crystal Travel


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