Tromelin Island 1999Tromelin%20Island

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Tromelin Island
Tromelin Island 

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Tromelin Island - Introduction 1999
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Background: First explored by the French in 1776 the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.


Tromelin Island - Geography 1999
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Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates: 15 52 S, 54 25 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Total: 1 km²
Land: 1 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 3.7 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 nm
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical

Terrain: sandy

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location 7 m

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100% (scattered bushes)

Irrigated land: 0 km² (1993)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography
Note: climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary


Tromelin Island - People 1999
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Population: uninhabited

Nationality

Ethnic groups

Languages

Religions

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA
International agreements party to: NA
International agreements signed but not ratified: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Tromelin Island - Government 1999
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Tromelin Island
Local long form: none
Local short form: Ile Tromelin

Government type

Capital

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence

National holiday

Constitution

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (possession of France)
From the us: none (possession of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Tromelin%20Island: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Tromelin Island - Economy 1999
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Economy overview: no economic activity

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products

Industries

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports

Imports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Tromelin Island - Energy 1999
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Tromelin Island - Communication 1999
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Tromelin Island - Military 1999
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Tromelin Island - Transportation 1999
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (1998 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 1
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 1 (1998 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (1998 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Tromelin Island - Transnational issues 1999
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Disputes international: claimed by Madagascar and Mauritius

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs




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