Cook Islands 2000Cook%20Islands

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Cook Islands
Cook Islands 

Crystal Travel


Cook Islands - Introduction 2000
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Background: Named after Captain Cook who sighted them in 1770 the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900 administrative control was transferred to New Zealand; in 1965 residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand and government deficits are continuing problems.


Cook Islands - Geography 2000
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Location: Oceania group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates: 21 14 S 159 46 W

Map referenceOceania

Area
Comparative: 1.3 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds

Terrain: low coral atolls in north; volcanic hilly islands in south

Elevation

Natural resources: NEGL
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons (November to March)

Geography


Cook Islands - People 2000
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Population: 20,407 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 1.6% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Polynesian (full blood) 81.3% Polynesian and European 7.7% Polynesian and non-European 7.7% European 2.4% other 0.9%

Languages: English (official) Maori

Religions: Christian (majority of populace are members of the Cook Islands Christian Church)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.6% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 22.18 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 5.2 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.99 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 24.7 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 3.14 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Cook Islands - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: self-governing parliamentary democracy

Capital: Avarua

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: none (became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)

National holiday: Constitution Day 4 August (1965)

Constitution: 4 August 1965

Legal system: based on New Zealand law and English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: NA years of age; universal adult

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (25 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders: Cook Islands Party or CIP [Joe WILLIAMS]; Democratic Alliance Party or DAP [Terepai MAOATE]; New Alliance Party or NAP [leader NA]

International organization participation: AsDB ESCAP (associate) FAO ICAO ICFTU IFAD Intelsat (nonsignatory user) IOC OPCW Sparteca SPC SPF UNESCO WHO WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)
From the us: none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)

Flag descriptionflag of Cook%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large circle of 15 white five-pointed stars (one for every island) centered in the outer half of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Cook Islands - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Like many other South Pacific island nations the Cook Islands' economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets lack of natural resources periodic devastation from natural disasters and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture provides the economic base with major exports made up of copra and citrus fruit. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit-processing clothing and handicrafts. Trade deficits are made up for by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid overwhelmingly from New Zealand. Efforts to exploit tourism potential encourage offshore banking and expand the mining and fishing industries have been partially successful in stimulating investment and growth.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: copra citrus pineapples tomatoes beans pawpaws bananas yams taro coffee

Industries: fruit processing tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 6,601 (1993)
By occupation agriculture: 29%
By occupation industry: 15%
By occupation services: 56% (1995)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.6% (1994 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.2 million (f.o.b. 1994 est.)
Commodities: copra papayas fresh and canned citrus fruit coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothing
Partners: NZ 80% Japan Hong Kong (1993)

Imports: $85 million (c.i.f. 1994)
Commodities: foodstuffs textiles fuels timber capital goods
Partners: NZ 49% Italy Australia (1993)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $141 million (1996 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars (NZ$) per US$1 - 1.9451 (January 2000) 1.8886 (1999) 1.8632 (1998) 1.5083 (1997) 1.4543 (1996) 1.5235 (1995)


Cook Islands - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 15 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 14 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Cook Islands - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1994)

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Cook Islands - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Cook Islands - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 7 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Cook Islands - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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