Netherlands Antilles 2000Netherlands%20Antilles

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Netherlands Antilles
Netherlands Antilles 

Thrifty Traveler


Netherlands Antilles - Introduction 2000
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Background: Once the center of the Caribbean slave trade the island of Curacao was hard hit by the abolition of slavery in 1863. Its prosperity (and that of neighboring Aruba) was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of oil refineries to service the newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields. The island of Sint Maarten is shared with France (whose northern portion is named Saint Martin and is part of Guadeloupe).


Netherlands Antilles - Geography 2000
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Location: Caribbean two island groups in the Caribbean Sea - one includes Curacao and Bonaire north of Venezuela and the other is east of the Virgin Islands

Geographic coordinates: 12 15 N 68 45 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Comparative: more than five times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries

Coastline: 364 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds

Terrain: generally hilly volcanic interiors

Elevation

Natural resources: phosphates (Curacao only) salt (Bonaire only)
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: Curacao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten Saba and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from July to October

Geography


Netherlands Antilles - People 2000
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Population: 210,134 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 1.01% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: mixed black 85% Carib Amerindian white East Asian

Languages: Dutch (official) Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) predominates English widely spoken Spanish

Religions: Roman Catholic Protestant Jewish Seventh-Day Adventist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.01% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 16.94 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 6.42 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.42 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 11.74 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 2.09 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Netherlands Antilles - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: parliamentary

Capital: Willemstad

Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

National holiday: Queen's Day 30 April (1938)

Constitution: 29 December 1954 Statute of the Realm of the Netherlands as amended

Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system with some English common law influence

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral States or Staten (22 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Joint High Court of Justice judges appointed by the monarch

Political parties and leaders: Antillean Restructuring Party or PAR [Miguel POURIER]; C 93 [Stanley BROWN]; Democratic Party of Bonaire or PDB [Jopi ABRAHAM]; Democratic Party of Curacao or DP [Ephraim JONCKHEER]; Democratic Party of Sint Eustatius or DP-St. E [Julian WOODLEY]; Democratic Party of Sint Maarten or DP-St. M [Sarah WESTCOTT-WILLIAMS]; Foundation Energetic Management Anti-Narcotics or FAME [Eric LODEWIJKS]; Labor Party People's Crusade or PLKP [Errol COVA]; National People's Party or PNP [Suzy ROMER]; New Antilles Movement or MAN [Domenico Felip Don MARTINA]; Nos Patria [Chin BEHILIA]; Patriotic Movement of Sint Maarten or SPA [William MARLIN]; Patriotic Union of Bonaire or UPB [Rudy ELLIS]; People's Party or PAPU [Richard HODI]; Pro Curacao Party or PPK [Winston LOURENS]; Saba Democratic Labor Movement [Steve HASSELL]; Saba Unity Party [Carmen SIMMONDS]; St. Eustatius Alliance or SEA [Ingrid WHITFIELD]; Serious Alternative People's Party or SAPP [Julian ROLLOCKS]; Social Action Cause or KAS [Benny DEMEI]; Socialist Independent or SI [George HUECK]; Windward Islands People's Movement or WIPM [Ray HASSELL]; Workers' Liberation Front or FOL [Wilson GODETT Jr.]

International organization participation: Caricom (observer) ECLAC (associate) Interpol IOC UNESCO (associate) UPU WMO WToO (associate)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Flag descriptionflag of Netherlands%20Antilles: white with a horizontal blue stripe in the center superimposed on a vertical red band also centered; five white five-pointed stars are arranged in an oval pattern in the center of the blue band; the five stars represent the five main islands of Bonaire Curacao Saba Sint Eustatius and Sint Maarten

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Netherlands Antilles - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Tourism petroleum transshipment and offshore finance are the mainstays of this small economy which is closely tied to the outside world. The islands enjoy a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure as compared with other countries in the region. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported with Venezuela the US and Mexico being the major suppliers. Poor soils and inadequate water supplies hamper the development of agriculture.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -0.3% (1998 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: aloes sorghum peanuts vegetables tropical fruit

Industries: tourism (Curacao Sint Maarten and Bonaire) petroleum refining (Curacao) petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire) light manufacturing (Curacao)

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 89,000
By occupation agriculture: 1%
By occupation industry: 13%
By occupation services: 86% (1994 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 14.9% (1998 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.1% (1998)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $303 million (f.o.b. 1998)
Commodities: petroleum products 98% (1993)
Partners: US 17.5% Guatemala 8% Costa Rica 6.5% The Bahamas 4.6% Jamaica 4.1% Chile 3.4% (1998)

Imports: $1.3 billion (c.i.f. 1998)
Commodities: crude petroleum 64% food manufactures (1993)
Partners: Venezuela 35.3% US 21% Mexico 9.8% Italy 5.4% Netherlands 4.8% Brazil 3.1% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.35 billion (1996)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Netherlands Antillean guilders gulden or florins (NAf.) per US$1 - 1.790 (fixed rate since 1989)


Netherlands Antilles - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.02 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 949 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Netherlands Antilles - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 11,727 (1995)

Telephone system: generally adequate facilities

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Netherlands Antilles - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Netherlands Antilles - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Netherlands Antilles - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: money-laundering center; transshipment point for South American drugs bound for the US and Europe


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