Statistical information Afghanistan 2000Afghanistan

Map of Afghanistan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Afghanistan in the World
Afghanistan in the World

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Afghanistan - Introduction 2000
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Background: Afghanistan was invaded and occupied by the Soviet Union in 1979. The USSR was forced to withdraw 10 years later by anti-communist mujahidin forces supplied and trained by the US Saudi Arabia Pakistan and others. Fighting subsequently continued among the various mujahidin factions but the fundamentalist Islamic Taliban movement has been able to seize most of the country. In addition to the continuing civil strife the country suffers from enormous poverty a crumbling infrastructure and widespread live mines.


Afghanistan - Geography 2000
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Location: Southern Asia north and west of Pakistan east of Iran

Geographic coordinates: 33 00 N 65 00 E

Map referenceAsia

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

Elevation

Natural resources: natural gas petroleum coal copper chromite talc barites sulfur lead zinc iron ore salt precious and semiprecious stones
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 30,000 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding

Geography
Note: landlocked


Afghanistan - People 2000
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Population: 25,838,797 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 3.54% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Pashtun 38% Tajik 25% Uzbek 6% Hazara 19% minor ethnic groups (Aimaks Turkmen Baloch and others)

Languages: Pashtu 35% Afghan Persian (Dari) 50% Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11% 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4% much bilingualism

Religions: Sunni Muslim 84% Shi'a Muslim 15% other 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.54% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 41.82 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 18.01 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 11.54 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 149.28 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 5.87 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Afghanistan - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: no functioning central government administered by factions

Capital: Kabul

Administrative divisions: 30 provinces (velayat singular - velayat); Badakhshan Badghis Baghlan Balkh Bamian Farah Faryab Ghazni Ghowr Helmand Herat Jowzjan Kabol Kandahar Kapisa Konar Kondoz Laghman Lowgar Nangarhar Nimruz Oruzgan Paktia Paktika Parvan Samangan Sar-e Pol Takhar Vardak Zabol

Dependent areas

Independence: 19 August 1919 (from UK control over Afghan foreign affairs)

National holiday: Victory of the Muslim Nation 28 April; Remembrance Day for Martyrs and Disabled 4 May; Independence Day 19 August

Constitution: none

Legal system: a new legal system has not been adopted but all factions tacitly agree they will follow Shari'a (Islamic law)

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: NA; previously males 15-50 years of age

Executive branch: on 27 September 1996 the ruling members of the Afghan Government were displaced by members of the Islamic Taliban movement; the Islamic State of Afghanistan has no functioning government at this time and the country remains divided among fighting factions

Legislative branch: non-functioning as of June 1993

Judicial branch: non-functioning as of March 1995 although there are local Shari'a (Islamic law) courts throughout the country

Political parties and leaders: Harakat-i-Islami (Islamic Movement) [Mohammed Asif MOHSENI]; Harakat-Inqilab-i-Islami (Islamic Revolutionary Movement) [Mohammad Nabi MOHAMMADI]; Hizbi Islami-Gulbuddin (Islamic Party) [Gulbuddin HIKMATYAR faction]; Hizbi Islami-Khalis (Islamic Party) [Yunis KHALIS faction]; Hizbi Wahdat-Akbari faction (Islamic Unity Party) [Mohammad Akbar AKBARI]; Ittihad-i-Islami Barai Azadi Afghanistan (Islamic Union for the Liberation of Afghanistan) [Abdul Rasul SAYYAF]; Jabha-i-Najat-i-Milli Afghanistan (Afghanistan National Liberation Front) [Sibghatullah MOJADDEDI]; Mahaz-i-Milli-Islami (National Islamic Front) [Sayed Ahamad GAILANI]; Taliban (Religious Students Movement) [Mohammad OMAR]; United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan comprised of Jumbesh-i-Melli Islami (National Islamic Movement) [Abdul Rashid DOSTAM]; Jamiat-i-Islami (Islamic Society) [Burhanuddin RABBANI and Ahmad Shah MASOOD]; and Hizbi Wahdat-Khalili faction (Islamic Unity Party) [Abdul Karim KHALILI]

International organization participation: AsDB CP ECO ESCAP FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF Intelsat IOC IOM (observer) ITU NAM OIC OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO WMO WToO

Diplomatic representation
From the us: the US embassy in Kabul has been closed since January 1989 due to security concerns

Flag descriptionflag of Afghanistan: three equal horizontal bands of green (top) white and black with a gold emblem centered on the three bands; the emblem features a temple-like structure with Islamic inscriptions above and below encircled by a wreath on the left and right and by a bolder Islamic inscription above all of which are encircled by two crossed scimitars

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Afghanistan - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Afghanistan is an extremely poor landlocked country highly dependent on farming and livestock raising (sheep and goats). Economic considerations have played second fiddle to political and military upheavals during two decades of war including the nearly 10-year Soviet military occupation (which ended 15 February 1989). During that conflict one-third of the population fled the country with Pakistan and Iran sheltering a combined peak of more than 6 million refugees. In early 1999 1.2 million Afghan refugees remained in Pakistan and about 1.4 million in Iran. Gross domestic product has fallen substantially over the past 20 years because of the loss of labor and capital and the disruption of trade and transport. The majority of the population continues to suffer from insufficient food clothing housing and medical care. Inflation remains a serious problem throughout the country. International aid can deal with only a fraction of the humanitarian problem let alone promote economic development. The economic situation did not improve in 1998-99 as internal civil strife continued hampering both domestic economic policies and international aid efforts. Numerical data are likely to be either unavailable or unreliable. Afghanistan was by far the largest producer of opium poppies in 1999 and narcotics trafficking is a major source of revenue.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: opium poppies wheat fruits nuts karakul pelts; wool mutton

Industries: small-scale production of textiles soap furniture shoes fertilizer and cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas oil coal copper

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force: 8 million (1997 est.)
By occupation: agriculture 68% industry 16% services 16% (1980 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 8% (1995 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 21 March - 20 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $80 million (does not include opium) (1996 est.)
Commodities: opium fruits and nuts handwoven carpets wool cotton hides and pelts precious and semi-precious gems
Partners: FSU Pakistan Iran Germany India UK Belgium Luxembourg Czech Republic

Imports: $150 million (1996 est.)
Commodities: capital goods food and petroleum products; most consumer goods
Partners: FSU Pakistan Iran Japan Singapore India South Korea Germany

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $5.5 billion (1996 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: afghanis (Af) per US$1 - 4,700 (January 2000) 4,750 (February 1999) 17,000 (December 1996) 7,000 (January 1995) 1900 (January 1994) 1019 (March 1993) 850 (1991); note - these rates reflect the free market exchange rates rather than the official exchange rate which was fixed at 50.600 afghanis to the dollar until 1996 when it rose to 2,263 per dollar and finally became fixed again at 3,000 per dollar in April 1996


Afghanistan - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 430 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 510 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 110 million kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Afghanistan - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Afghanistan - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $N/A
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Afghanistan - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 46 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 3 (1999 est.)

Pipelines: petroleum products - Uzbekistan to Bagram and Turkmenistan to Shindand; natural gas 180 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1200 km; chiefly Amu Darya which handles vessels up to about 500 DWT

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Afghanistan - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: support to Islamic militants worldwide by some factions; question over which group should hold Afghanistan's seat at the UN

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: world's largest illicit opium producer surpassing Burma (potential production in 1999 - 1670 metric tons; cultivation in 1999 - 51,500 hectares a 23% increase over 1998); a major source of hashish; increasing number of heroin-processing laboratories being set up in the country; major political factions in the country profit from drug trade


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