Statistical information Austria 2000Austria

Map of Austria | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Austria in the World
Austria in the World



Austria - Introduction 2000
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Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies Austria's 1955 State Treaty declared the country 'permanently neutral' as a condition of Soviet military withdrawal. Neutrality once ingrained as part of the Austrian cultural identity has been called into question since the Soviet collapse and Austria's increasingly prominent role in European affairs. A prosperous country Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and the euro monetary system in 1999.


Austria - Geography 2000
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Location: Central Europe north of Italy and Slovenia

Geographic coordinates: 47 20 N 13 20 E

Map referenceEurope

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Maine

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; continental cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain in lowlands and snow in mountains; cool summers with occasional showers

Terrain: in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping

Elevation

Natural resources: iron ore oil timber magnesite lead coal lignite copper hydropower
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 40 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography
Note: landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes poor soils and low temperatures elsewhere


Austria - People 2000
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Population: 8,131,111 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.25% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: German 98% Croatian Slovene other (includes Hungarians Czechs Slovaks Roma)

Languages: German

Religions: Roman Catholic 78% Protestant 5% Muslim and other 17%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.25% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 9.9 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 9.91 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 2.46 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: some forest degradation caused by air and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired power stations and industrial plants and from trucks transiting Austria between northern and southern Europe

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 4.5 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.39 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Austria - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: federal republic

Capital: Vienna

Administrative divisions: 9 states (bundeslaender singular - bundesland); Burgenland Kaernten Niederoesterreich Oberoesterreich Salzburg Steiermark Tirol Vorarlberg Wien

Dependent areas

Independence: 1156 (from Bavaria)

National holiday: National Day 26 October (1955)

Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated 1 May 1945)

Legal system: civil law system with Roman law origin; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Court; separate administrative and civil/penal supreme courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 19 years of age; universal; compulsory for presidential elections

Executive branch

Legislative branch: bicameral Federal Assembly or Bundesversammlung consists of Federal Council or Bundesrat (64 members; members represent each of the states on the basis of population but with each state having at least three representatives; members serve a four- or six-year term) and the National Council or Nationalrat (183 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Judicial Court or Oberster Gerichtshof; Administrative Court or Verwaltungsgerichtshof; Constitutional Court or Verfassungsgerichtshof

Political parties and leaders: Austrian People's Party or OeVP [Wolfgang SCHUESSEL chairman]; Communist Party or KPOe [Walter BAIER chairman]; Freedom Party of Austria or FPOe [Susanne RIESS-PASSER]; Liberal Forum or LF [Heide SCHMIDT]; Social Democratic Party of Austria or SPOe [Viktor KLIMA chairman]; The Greens or GA [Alexander VAN DER BELLEN party spokesman]

International organization participation: AfDB AsDB Australia Group BIS BSEC (observer) CCC CE CEI CERN EAPC EBRD ECE EIB EMU ESA EU FAO G- 9 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU MINURSO NAM (guest) NEA NSG OAS (observer) OECD OPCW OSCE PCA PFP UN UNCTAD UNDOF UNESCO UNFICYP UNHCR UNIDO UNIKOM UNITAR UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOT UNOMIG UNTAET UNTSO UPU WCL WEU (observer) WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO ZC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Austria: three equal horizontal bands of red (top) white and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Austria - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Austria with its well-developed market economy and high standard of living is closely tied to other EU economies especially Germany's. Membership in the EU has drawn an influx of foreign investors attracted by Austria's access to the single European market. Through privatization efforts the 1996-98 budget consolidation programs and austerity measures Austria has brought its total public sector deficit down to 2.1% of GDP in 1999 and public debt - at 63.1% of GDP in 1998 - more or less in line with the 60% of GDP required by the EMU's Maastricht criteria. Cuts mainly have affected the civil service and Austria's generous social benefit system the two major causes of the government's deficit. To meet increased competition from both EU and Central European countries Austria will need to emphasize knowledge-based sectors of the economy and deregulate the service sector. Growth which slowed to 2.0% in 1999 probably will rebound to 2.8% in both 2000 and 2001.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: grains potatoes sugar beets wine fruit; dairy products cattle pigs poultry; lumber

Industries: construction machinery vehicles and parts food chemicals lumber and wood processing paper and paperboard communications equipment tourism (1997)

Industrial production growth rate: 2.3% (1999)

Labor force: 3.7 million (1999)
By occupation services: 68%
By occupation industry and crafts: 29%
By occupation agriculture and forestry: 3% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4.4% (1999)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 0.5% (1999)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $62.9 billion (1999 est.)
Commodities: machinery and equipment paper and paperboard metal goods chemicals iron and steel; textiles foodstuffs (1998)
Partners: EU 65% (Germany 36% Italy 9% France 5%) Switzerland 5% Hungary 5% US 4.5% (1999 est.)

Imports: $69.9 billion (1999 est.)
Commodities: machinery and equipment chemicals metal goods oil and oil products; foodstuffs (1998)
Partners: EU 70% (Germany 42% Italy 8% France 5%) US 5% Hungary 3% Switzerland 3% (1999 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $31.7 billion (1998)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: euros per US$1 - 0.9867 (January 2000) 0.9386 (1999); Austrian schillings (AS) per US$1 - 11.86 (January 1999) 12.91 (1999) 12.379 (1998) 12.204 (1997) 10.587 (1996) 10.081 (1995)


Austria - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 56.066 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 51.891 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 10.5 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 10.25 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Austria - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 2.31 million (1998)

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Austria - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $1.7 billion (FY98)
Percent of gdp: 1.2% (FY98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Austria - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 55 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 1 (1999 est.)

Pipelines: crude oil 777 km; natural gas 840 km (1999)

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 358 km (1999)

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Austria - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and South American cocaine destined for Western Europe


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