Statistical information Azerbaijan 2000Azerbaijan

Map of Azerbaijan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Azerbaijan in the World
Azerbaijan in the World


Azerbaijan - Introduction 2000
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Background: Azerbaijan - a nation of Turkic Muslims - has been an independent republic since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite a cease-fire in place since 1994 Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over the Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh enclave (largely Armenian populated). Azerbaijan has lost almost 20% of its territory and must support some 750,000 refugees as a result of the conflict. Corruption is ubiquitous and the promise of wealth from Azerbaijan's undeveloped petroleum resources remains largely unfulfilled.

Azerbaijan - Geography 2000
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Location: Southwestern Asia bordering the Caspian Sea between Iran and Russia

Geographic coordinates: 40 30 N 47 30 E

Map referenceCommonwealth of Independent States

Comparative: slightly smaller than Maine

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: dry semiarid steppe

Terrain: large flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland) (much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea


Natural resources: petroleum natural gas iron ore nonferrous metals alumina
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 10,000 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: droughts; some lowland areas threatened by rising levels of the Caspian Sea

Note: landlocked

Azerbaijan - People 2000
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Population: 7,748,163 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.27% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 60% (1999 est.)


Ethnic groups: Azeri 90% Dagestani 3.2% Russian 2.5% Armenian 2% other 2.3% (1998 est.)

Languages: Azeri 89% Russian 3% Armenian 2% other 6% (1995 est.)

Religions: Muslim 93.4% Russian Orthodox 2.5% Armenian Orthodox 2.3% other 1.8% (1995 est.)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.27% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 18.08 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 9.47 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -5.92 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: local scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air water and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of DDT as a pesticide and also from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 83.41 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 2.19 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Azerbaijan - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Baku (Baki)

Administrative divisions: 59 rayons (rayonlar; rayon - singular) 11 cities* (saharlar; sahar - singular) 1 autonomous republic** (muxtar respublika); Abseron Rayonu Agcabadi Rayonu Agdam Rayonu Agdas Rayonu Agstafa Rayonu Agsu Rayonu Ali Bayramli Sahari* Astara Rayonu Baki Sahari* Balakan Rayonu Barda Rayonu Beylaqan Rayonu Bilasuvar Rayonu Cabrayil Rayonu Calilabad Rayonu Daskasan Rayonu Davaci Rayonu Fuzuli Rayonu Gadabay Rayonu Ganca Sahari* Goranboy Rayonu Goycay Rayonu Haciqabul Rayonu Imisli Rayonu Ismayilli Rayonu Kalbacar Rayonu Kurdamir Rayonu Lacin Rayonu Lankaran Rayonu Lankaran Sahari* Lerik Rayonu Masalli Rayonu Mingacevir Sahari* Naftalan Sahari* Naxcivan Muxtar Respublikasi** Neftcala Rayonu Oguz Rayonu Qabala Rayonu Qax Rayonu Qazax Rayonu Qobustan Rayonu Quba Rayonu Qubadli Rayonu Qusar Rayonu Saatli Rayonu Sabirabad Rayonu Saki Rayonu Saki Sahari* Salyan Rayonu Samaxi Rayonu Samkir Rayonu Samux Rayonu Siyazan Rayonu Sumqayit Sahari* Susa Rayonu Susa Sahari* Tartar Rayonu Tovuz Rayonu Ucar Rayonu Xacmaz Rayonu Xankandi Sahari* Xanlar Rayonu Xizi Rayonu Xocali Rayonu Xocavand Rayonu Yardimli Rayonu Yevlax Rayonu Yevlax Sahari* Zangilan Rayonu Zaqatala Rayonu Zardab Rayonu

Dependent areas

Independence: 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Independence Day 28 May (1918)

Constitution: adopted 12 November 1995

Legal system: based on civil law system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Milli Mejlis (125 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders: Azerbaijan Democratic Party or ADP [Ilyas ISMAYLOV]; Azerbaijan Popular Front or APF [Abulfaz ELCHIBEY chairman]; Civic Solidarity [Sabir RUSTAMXANLI]; Communist Party of Azerbaijan or CPA-2 [Firudin HASANOV]; Democratic Party of Independence of Azerbaijan [Vagit KERIMOV]; Liberal Party of Azerbaijan [Lala HAJIYEVA]; Motherland Party [Fazail AGAMALI]; Musavat Party [Isa GAMBAR chairman]; New Azerbaijan Party or NAP [Heydar ALIYEV chairman]; Party for National Independence of Azerbaijan or PNIA [Etibar MAMMADOV chairman]; People's Democratic Party of Azerbaijan [Rafig TURABXANLY]; Social Democratic Party of Azerbaijan or SDP [Zardusht ALIZADE chairman]; Vahdat Party [Leyla YUNUSOV Jabrayil ALIZADE]

International organization participation: BSEC CCC CE (guest) CIS EAPC EBRD ECE ECO ESCAP FAO IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC ISO (correspondent) ITU NAM (observer) OIC OPCW OSCE PFP UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO (observer)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Azerbaijan: three equal horizontal bands of blue (top) red and green; a crescent and eight-pointed star in white are centered in red band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Azerbaijan - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Azerbaijan is less developed industrially than either Armenia or Georgia the other Caucasian states. It resembles the Central Asian states in its majority Muslim population high structural unemployment and low standard of living. The economy's most prominent products are oil cotton and natural gas. Production from the Caspian oil field declined through 1997 but registered an increase in 1998-99. Negotiation of 19 production-sharing arrangements (PSAs) with foreign firms which have thus far committed $60 billion to oil field development should generate the funds needed to spur future industrial development. Oil production under the first of these PSAs with the Azerbaijan International Operating Company began in November 1997. Azerbaijan shares all the formidable problems of the former Soviet republics in making the transition from a command to a market economy but its considerable energy resources brighten its long-term prospects. Baku has only recently begun making progress on economic reform and old economic ties and structures are slowly being replaced. An obstacle to economic progress including stepped up foreign investment is the continuing conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Trade with Russia and the other former Soviet republics is declining in importance while trade is building up with Turkey Iran UAE and the nations of Europe. Growth in 2000 should match growth in 1999. Long-term prospects will depend on world oil prices and the location of new pipelines in the region.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 7% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cotton grain rice grapes fruit vegetables tea tobacco; cattle pigs sheep goats

Industries: petroleum and natural gas petroleum products oilfield equipment; steel iron ore cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles

Industrial production growth rate: 3% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 2.9 million (1997)
By occupation agriculture and forestry: 32%
By occupation industry and construction: 15%
By occupation services: 53% (1997)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 20% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 60% (1999 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: -6.8% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $885 million (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: oil and gas 70% machinery cotton foodstuffs
Partners: Turkey Russia Georgia Italy Iran

Imports: $1.62 billion (c.i.f. 1999 est.)
Commodities: machinery and equipment foodstuffs metals chemicals
Partners: Turkey Russia Ukraine UAE Iran

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $684 million (1998)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: manats per US$1 - 4,342 (October 1999) 4,373 (1999) 3,869 (1998) 3,985 (1997) 4,301 (1996) 4,414 (1995)

Azerbaijan - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 18.062 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity consumption: 15.508 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 1 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 1.2 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Azerbaijan - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 6,000 (1995)

Telephone system: Azerbaijan's telephone system is a combination of old Soviet era technology used by Azerbaijani citizens and small- to medium-size commercial establishments and modern cellular telephones used by an increasing middle class large commercial ventures international companies and most government officials; the average citizen waits on a 200,000-person list for telephone service; Internet and e-mail service are available in Baku

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Azerbaijan - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $121 million (FY99)
Percent of gdp: 2.6% (FY99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Azerbaijan - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 69 (1996 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 1130 km; petroleum products 630 km; natural gas 1240 km




Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Azerbaijan - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: Armenia supports ethnic Armenians in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan in the longstanding separatist conflict against the Azerbaijani Government; Caspian Sea boundaries are not yet determined among Azerbaijan Iran Kazakhstan Russia and Turkmenistan

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: limited illicit cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy mostly for CIS consumption; limited government eradication program; transshipment point for opiates via Iran Central Asia and Russia to Western Europe

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