Statistical information Belize 2000Belize

Map of Belize | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Belize in the World
Belize in the World

Austrian Airlines

Belize - Introduction 2000
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Background: Territorial disputes between the UK and Guatemala delayed the independence of Belize (formerly British Honduras) until 1981. Guatemala refused to recognize the new nation until 1992. Tourism has become the mainstay of the economy. The country remains plagued by high unemployment growing involvement in the South American drug trade and increased urban crime.

Belize - Geography 2000
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Location: Middle America bordering the Caribbean Sea between Guatemala and Mexico

Geographic coordinates: 17 15 N 88 45 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

Land boundaries

Coastline: 386 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; very hot and humid; rainy season (May to February)

Terrain: flat swampy coastal plain; low mountains in south


Natural resources: arable land: potential timber fish hydropower
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: frequent devastating hurricanes (September to December) and coastal flooding (especially in south)

Note: only country in Central America without a coastline on the North Pacific Ocean

Belize - People 2000
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Population: 249,183 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 2.75% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: mestizo 44.1% Creole 31% Maya 9.2% Garifuna 6.2% other 9.5%

Languages: English (official) Spanish Mayan Garifuna (Carib) Creole

Religions: Roman Catholic 62% Protestant 30% (Anglican 12% Methodist 6% Mennonite 4% Seventh-Day Adventist 3% Pentecostal 2% Jehovah's Witnesses 1% other 2%) none 2% other 6% (1980)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.75% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 32.29 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 4.81 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; water pollution from sewage industrial effluents agricultural runoff; solid waste disposal

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 25.97 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 4.14 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Belize - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Belmopan

Administrative divisions: 6 districts; Belize Cayo Corozal Orange Walk Stann Creek Toledo

Dependent areas

Independence: 21 September 1981 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 21 September (1981)

Constitution: 21 September 1981

Legal system: English law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (eight members five appointed on the advice of the prime minister two on the advice of the leader of the opposition and one by the governor general; members are appointed for five-year terms); and the House of Representatives (29 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on advice of the prime minister

Political parties and leaders: People's United Party or PUP [Said MUSA]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Manuel ESQUIVEL Dean BARROW]

International organization participation: ACP C Caricom CDB ECLAC FAO G-77 IADB IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat (nonsignatory user) Interpol IOC IOM (observer) ITU LAES NAM OAS OPANAL UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCL WHO WMO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Belize: blue with a narrow red stripe along the top and the bottom edges; centered is a large white disk bearing the coat of arms; the coat of arms features a shield flanked by two workers in front of a mahogany tree with the related motto SUB UMBRA FLOREO (I Flourish in the Shade) on a scroll at the bottom all encircled by a green garland

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Belize - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: The small essentially private enterprise economy is based primarily on agriculture agro-based industry and merchandising with tourism and construction assuming greater importance. Sugar the chief crop accounts for nearly half of exports while the banana industry is the country's largest employer. The government's tough austerity program in 1997 resulted in an economic slowdown that continued in 1998. The trade deficit has been growing mostly as a result of low export prices for sugar and bananas. The new government faces important challenges to economic stability. Rapid action to improve tax collection has been promised but a lack of progress in reining in spending could bring the exchange rate under pressure. The tourist and construction sectors strengthened in early 1999 leading to a preliminary estimate of revived growth at 4%.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: bananas coca citrus sugarcane; lumber; fish cultured shrimp

Industries: garment production food processing tourism construction

Industrial production growth rate: -4.4% (1998)

Labor force: 71,000
By occupation agriculture: 38%
By occupation industry: 32%
By occupation services: 30% (1994)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 14.3% (1998)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: -0.9% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $150 million (f.o.b. 1998)
Commodities: sugar bananas citrus fruits clothing fish products molasses wood
Partners: US 45.5% UK 30% EU 10% Caricom 4.2% Mexico 3.4% Canada 3.3% (1997)

Imports: $320 million (c.i.f. 1998)
Commodities: machinery and transportation equipment manufactured goods food fuels chemicals pharmaceuticals
Partners: US 52% Mexico 13% UK 5% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $380 million (1997)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Belizean dollars (Bz$) per US$1 - 2.0000 (fixed rate)

Belize - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 175 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 163 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Belize - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1237 (1995)

Telephone system: above-average system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Belize - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $15 million (FY97/98)
Percent of gdp: 2% (FY97/98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Belize - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 44 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: 825 km river network used by shallow-draft craft; seasonally navigable

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Belize - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: territory in Belize claimed by Guatemala; precise alignment of boundary in dispute

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine; small-scale illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; minor money-laundering center

Qatar Airways

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