Statistical information Central African Republic 2000Central%20African%20Republic

Map of Central African Republic | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Central African Republic in the World
Central African Republic in the World

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Central African Republic - Introduction 2000
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Background: The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - a civilian government was installed in 1993.


Central African Republic - Geography 2000
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Location: Central Africa north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N 21 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: tropical; hot dry winters; mild to hot wet summers

Terrain: vast flat to rolling monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

Elevation

Natural resources: diamonds uranium timber gold oil hydropower
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hot dry dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

Geography
Note: landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa


Central African Republic - People 2000
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Population: 3,512,751
Growth rate: 1.77% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Baya 34% Banda 27% Sara 10% Mandjia 21% Mboum 4% M'Baka 4% Europeans 6,500 (including 1500 French)

Languages: French (official) Sangho (lingua franca and national language) Arabic Hunsa Swahili

Religions: indigenous beliefs 24% Protestant 25% Roman Catholic 25% Muslim 15% other 11%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.77% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 37.52 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 18.44 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.42 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 106.69 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 4.95 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Central African Republic - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Bangui

Administrative divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures singular - prefecture) 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques singular - prefecture economique) and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran Bangui** Basse-Kotto Gribingui* Haute-Kotto Haute-Sangha Haut-Mbomou Kemo-Gribingui Lobaye Mbomou Nana-Mambere Ombella-Mpoko Ouaka Ouham Ouham-Pende Sangha* Vakaga

Dependent areas

Independence: 13 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: National Day 1 December (1958) (proclamation of the republic)

Constitution: passed by referendum 29 December 1994; adopted 7 January 1995

Legal system: based on French law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (109 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; note - there were 85 seats in the National Assembly before the 1998 election)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme judges appointed by the president; Constitutional Court judges appointed by the president

Political parties and leaders: Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP [leader NA]; Central African Democratic Assembly or RDC [Andre KOLINGBA]; Civic Forum or FC [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA]; Democratic Forum or FODEM [Charles MASSI]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Nestor KOMBO-NAGUEMON]; Movement for Democracy and Development or MDD [David DACKO]; Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [the party of the president Ange-Felix PATASSE]; Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP [Abel GOUMBA]; People's Union for the Republic or UPR [leader NA]; National Unity Party or PUN [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE]

International organization participation: ACCT ACP AfDB BDEAC CCC CEEAC ECA FAO FZ G-77 IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF Intelsat Interpol IOC ITU NAM OAU OIC (observer) OPCW UDEAC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCL WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Central%20African%20Republic: four equal horizontal bands of blue (top) white green and yellow with a vertical red band in center; there is a yellow five-pointed star on the hoist side of the blue band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Central African Republic - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Subsistence agriculture together with forestry remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR) with more than 70% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates half of GDP. Timber has accounted for about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry for nearly 54%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position a poor transportation system a largely unskilled work force and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. The 50% devaluation of the currencies of 14 Francophone African nations on 12 January 1994 had mixed effects on the CAR's economy. Diamond timber coffee and cotton exports increased leading an estimated rise of GDP of 7% in 1994 and nearly 5% in 1995. Military rebellions and social unrest in 1996 were accompanied by widespread destruction of property and a drop in GDP of 2%. Ongoing violence between the government and rebel military groups over pay issues living conditions and political representation has destroyed many businesses in the capital and reduced tax revenues for the government. The IMF approved an Extended Structure Adjustment Facility in 1998. The government has set targets of annual 5% growth and 2.5% inflation for 2000-2001.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 5% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cotton coffee tobacco manioc (tapioca) yams millet corn bananas; timber

Industries: diamond mining sawmills breweries textiles footwear assembly of bicycles and motorcycles

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6% (1993)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.6% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $195 million (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: diamonds timber cotton coffee tobacco
Partners: Benelux 36% Cote d'Ivoire 5% Spain 4% Egypt 3% France (1997)

Imports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $790 million (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 647.25 (January 2000) 615.70 (1999) 589.95 (1998) 583.67 (1997) 511.55 (1996) 499.15 (1995)


Central African Republic - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 105 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 98 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Central African Republic - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 79 (1995)

Telephone system: fair system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Central African Republic - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $29 million (FY96)
Percent of gdp: 2.2% (FY96)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Central African Republic - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 52 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: 800 km; traditional trade carried on by means of shallow-draft dugouts; Oubangui is the most important river

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Central African Republic - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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