Statistical information Denmark 2000Denmark

Map of Denmark | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Denmark in the World
Denmark in the World

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Denmark - Introduction 2000
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Background: Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power Denmark has evolved into a modern prosperous nation that is participating in the political and economic integration of Europe. So far however the country has opted out of some aspects of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty including the new joint monetary system.


Denmark - Geography 2000
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Location: Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea on a peninsula north of Germany

Geographic coordinates: 56 00 N 10 00 E

Map referenceEurope

Area
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts

Land boundaries

Coastline: 7,314 km

Maritime claims

Climate: temperate; humid and overcast; mild windy winters and cool summers

Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum natural gas fish salt limestone stone gravel and sand
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 4,350 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g. parts of Jutland along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes

Geography
Note: controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in Copenhagen


Denmark - People 2000
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Population: 5,336,394 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.31% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Scandinavian Inuit Faroese German

Languages: Danish Faroese Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect) German (small minority)

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 97% other Protestant and Roman Catholic other

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.31% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 12.16 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 11 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.95 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: air pollution principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.11 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.73 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Denmark - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Copenhagen

Administrative divisions: metropolitan Denmark - 14 counties (amter singular - amt) and 2 kommunes*; Arhus Bornholm Fredericksberg* Frederiksborg Fyn Kobenhavn Kobenhavns* Nordjylland Ribe Ringkobing Roskilde Sonderjylland Storstrom Vejle Vestsjalland Viborg

Dependent areas

Independence: first organized as a unified state in 10th century; in 1849 became a constitutional monarchy

National holiday: Birthday of the Queen 16 April (1940)

Constitution: 1849 was the original constitution; there was a major overhaul 5 June 1953 allowing for a unicameral legislature and a female chief of state

Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Folketing (179 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court judges are appointed by the monarch for life

Political parties and leaders: Center Democratic Party [Mimi JAKOBSEN]; Christian People's Party [Jann SJURSEN]; Conservative Party [Bendt BENDTSEN]; Conservative People's Party [Pia Christmas MOLLER]; Danish People's Party [Pia KJAERSGAARD]; Liberal Party [Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN]; Progress Party [Aage BRUSGAARD]; Radical Liberal Party [Marianne JELVED]; Social Democratic Party [Poul Nyrup RASMUSSEN]; Social Liberal Party [Johannes LEBECH]; Socialist People's Party [Holger K. NIELSEN]; Unity Party [no leader]

International organization participation: AfDB AsDB Australia Group BIS CBSS CCC CE CERN EAPC EBRD ECE EIB ESA EU FAO G- 9 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU NATO NC NEA NIB NSG OECD OPCW OSCE PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNIKOM UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOGIP UNMOP UNMOT UNOMIG UNTAET UNTSO UPU WEU (observer) WHO WIPO WMO WTrO ZC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Denmark: red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side and that design element of the Dannebrog (Danish flag) was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finland Iceland Norway and Sweden

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Denmark - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: This thoroughly modern market economy features high-tech agriculture up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry extensive government welfare measures comfortable living standards and high dependence on foreign trade. Denmark is a net exporter of food. The center-left coalition government is concentrating on reducing the unemployment rate and the budget deficit as well as following the previous government's policies of maintaining low inflation and a current account surplus. The coalition also vows to maintain a stable currency. The coalition has lowered marginal income tax rates while maintaining overall tax revenues; boosted industrial competitiveness through labor market and tax reforms; increased research and development funds; and improved welfare services for the neediest while cutting paperwork and delays. Denmark chose not to join the 11 other EU members who launched the euro on 1 January 1999.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.3% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: grain potatoes rape sugar beets; beef dairy products; fish

Industries: food processing machinery and equipment textiles and clothing chemical products electronics construction furniture and other wood products shipbuilding

Industrial production growth rate: 1.5% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 2.896 million
By occupation services: 71%
By occupation industry: 25%
By occupation agriculture: 4% (1997 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.7% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.5% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $49.5 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: machinery and instruments meat and meat products fuels dairy products ships fish chemicals
Partners: EU 66.6% (Germany 21.4% Sweden 11.2% UK 9.2% France 5.3% Netherlands 4.5%) Norway 6.0% US 4.7% (1998)

Imports: $43.9 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: machinery and equipment petroleum chemicals grain and foodstuffs textiles paper
Partners: EU 72.5% (Germany 22.5% Sweden 12.9% UK 7.9% France 5.9%) Norway 4.6% US 4.1% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $44 billion (1996 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Danish kroner (DKr) per US$1 - 7.336 (January 2000) 6.976 (1999) 6.701 (1998) 6.604 (1997) 5.799 (1996) 5.602 (1995)


Denmark - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 40.277 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 33.037 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 7.1 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 2.68 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Denmark - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1.347 million (1999)

Telephone system: excellent telephone and telegraph services

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Denmark - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $2.822 billion (FY98)
Percent of gdp: 1.7% (FY98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Denmark - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 118 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 110 km; petroleum products 578 km; natural gas 700 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 417 km

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Denmark - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Iceland Ireland and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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