Statistical information El Salvador 2000El%20Salvador

Map of El Salvador | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

El Salvador in the World
El Salvador in the World

World Nomads


El Salvador - Introduction 2000
top of page


Background: El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war which cost the lives of some 75,000 people was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.


El Salvador - Geography 2000
top of page


Location: Middle America bordering the North Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras

Geographic coordinates: 13 50 N 88 55 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

Land boundaries

Coastline: 307 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands

Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau

Elevation

Natural resources: hydropower geothermal power petroleum arable land
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 1200 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity

Geography
Note: smallest Central American country and only one without a coastline on Caribbean Sea


El Salvador - People 2000
top of page


Population: 6,122,515 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 1.87% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 48% (1999 est.)

Nationality

Ethnic groups: mestizo 90% Amerindian 1% white 9%

Languages: Spanish Nahua (among some Amerindians)

Religions: Roman Catholic 86%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.87% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 29.02 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 6.27 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -4.02 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes; Hurricane Mitch damage

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 29.22 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 3.38 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


El Salvador - Government 2000
top of page


Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: San Salvador

Administrative divisions: 14 departments (departamentos singular - departamento); Ahuachapan Cabanas Chalatenango Cuscatlan La Libertad La Paz La Union Morazan San Miguel San Salvador Santa Ana San Vicente Sonsonate Usulutan

Dependent areas

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday: Independence Day 15 September (1821)

Constitution: 23 December 1983

Legal system: based on civil and Roman law with traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve three-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Corte Suprema) judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly

Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Rene AGUILUZ secretary general]; Democratic Convergence or CD [Ruben ZAMORA secretary general]; Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front or FMLN [Jose Fabio CASTILLO]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Kirio Waldo SALGADO president]; National Conciliation Party or PCN [Ciro CRUZ Zepeda secretary general]; National Republican Alliance or ARENA [Walter ARAUJO]; Popular Labor Party or PPL [Ernesto VILANOVA secretary general]; Social Christian Union or USC [Abraham RODRIGUEZ president]; Social Democratic Party or PD [Jorge MELENDEZ and Juan MEDRANO]; United Democratic Center or CDU [Ruben ZAMORA] bloc includes CD and PD formed by merger of Christian Social Renewal Party or PRSC National Solidarity Movement or MSN and the Unity Movement or MU

International organization participation: BCIE CACM ECLAC FAO G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO (correspondent) ITU LAES LAIA (observer) MINURSO NAM (observer) OAS OPANAL OPCW PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCL WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of El%20Salvador: three equal horizontal bands of blue (top) white and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL; similar to the flag of Nicaragua which has a different coat of arms centered in the white band - it features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; also similar to the flag of Honduras which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


El Salvador - Economy 2000
top of page


Economy overview: El Salvador is a poor Central American economy which has been suffering from a weak tax collection system factory closings the aftermath of Hurricane Mitch and weak world coffee prices. On the bright side in recent years inflation has fallen to single digit levels and total exports have grown substantially. The substantial trade deficit has been offset by remittances from the large number of Salvadorans living abroad and from external aid.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2.2% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coffee sugarcane corn rice beans oilseed cotton sorghum; beef dairy products; shrimp

Industries: food processing beverages petroleum chemicals fertilizer textiles furniture light metals

Industrial production growth rate: 3.5% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 2.35 million (1999)
By occupation agriculture: 30%
By occupation industry: 15%
By occupation services: 55% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 7.7% (1997 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 48% (1999 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.3% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.5 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: offshore assembly exports coffee sugar shrimp textiles chemicals electricity
Partners: US 59% Guatemala 12% Germany 6% Costa Rica 4% Honduras (1998)

Imports: $4.15 billion (c.i.f. 1999)
Commodities: raw materials consumer goods capital goods fuels foodstuffs petroleum electricity
Partners: US 51% Guatemala 9% Mexico 6% Japan 3% Costa Rica (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $3.3 billion (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Salvadoran colones (C) per US$1 (end of period) - 8.755 fixed rate since 1993


El Salvador - Energy 2000
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 4.1 billion kWh (1999 est.)

Electricity consumption: 4.17 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 30 million kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 65 million kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


El Salvador - Communication 2000
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 13,475 (1995)

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


El Salvador - Military 2000
top of page


Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $105 million (FY98)
Percent of gdp: 0.9% (FY98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


El Salvador - Transportation 2000
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 85 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 1 (1999 est.)

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: Rio Lempa partially navigable

Merchant marine: none (1999 est.)

Ports and terminals


El Salvador - Transnational issues 2000
top of page


Disputes international: the Honduras-El Salvador Border Protocol ratified by Honduras in May 1999 established a framework for a long-delayed border demarcation which is currently underway; with respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador Honduras and Nicaragua likely would be required

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for cocaine; marijuana produced for local consumption; domestic drug abuse on the rise


SurfShark


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it