Statistical information Equatorial Guinea 2000Equatorial%20Guinea

Map of Equatorial Guinea | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Equatorial Guinea in the World
Equatorial Guinea in the World

Adrenaline


Equatorial Guinea - Introduction 2000
top of page


Background: Composed of a mainland portion and five inhabited islands Equatorial Guinea has been ruled by ruthless leaders who have badly mismanaged the economy since independence from 190 years of Spanish rule in 1968. Although nominally a constitutional democracy since 1991 the 1996 presidential and 1999 legislative elections were widely seen as being flawed.


Equatorial Guinea - Geography 2000
top of page


Location: Western Africa bordering the Bight of Biafra between Cameroon and Gabon

Geographic coordinates: 2 00 N 10 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

Land boundaries

Coastline: 296 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; always hot humid

Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic

Elevation

Natural resources: oil petroleum timber small unexploited deposits of gold manganese uranium
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: violent windstorms flash floods

Geography
Note: insular and continental regions rather widely separated


Equatorial Guinea - People 2000
top of page


Population: 474,214 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 2.47% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Bioko (primarily Bubi some Fernandinos) Rio Muni (primarily Fang) Europeans less than 1000 mostly Spanish

Languages: Spanish (official) French (official) pidgin English Fang Bubi Ibo

Religions: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic pagan practices

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.47% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 38.13 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 13.4 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: tap water is not potable; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 94.83 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 4.94 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Equatorial Guinea - Government 2000
top of page


Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Malabo

Administrative divisions: 7 provinces (provincias singular - provincia); Annobon Bioko Norte Bioko Sur Centro Sur Kie-Ntem Litoral Wele-Nzas

Dependent areas

Independence: 12 October 1968 (from Spain)

National holiday: Independence Day 12 October (1968)

Constitution: approved by national referendum 17 November 1991; amended January 1995

Legal system: partly based on Spanish civil law and tribal custom

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal adult

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral House of People's Representatives or Camara de Representantes del Pueblo (80 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal

Political parties and leaders: Convergence Party for Social Democracy or CPDS [Placido Miko ABOGO]; Democratic Party for Equatorial Guinea or PDGE (ruling party) [Augustin Nse NFUMU]; Party for Progress of Equatorial Guinea or PPGE [Severo MOTO]; Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea or APGE [Miguel Esono EMAN]; Popular Union or UP [Fabian MUSA general secretary]; Progressive Democratic Alliance or ADP [Victorino Bolekia BONAY mayor of Malabo]

International organization participation: ACCT ACP AfDB BDEAC CEEAC ECA FAO FZ G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC ITU NAM OAS (observer) OAU OPCW UDEAC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WHO WIPO WToO WTrO (applicant)

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Equatorial%20Guinea: three equal horizontal bands of green (top) white and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD PAZ JUSTICIA (Unity Peace Justice)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Equatorial Guinea - Economy 2000
top of page


Economy overview: The discovery and exploitation of large oil reserves have contributed to dramatic economic growth in recent years. Forestry farming and fishing are also major components of GDP. Subsistence farming predominates. Although pre-independence Equatorial Guinea counted on cocoa production for hard currency earnings the deterioration of the rural economy under successive brutal regimes has diminished potential for agriculture-led growth. A number of aid programs sponsored by the World Bank and the IMF have been cut off since 1993 because of the government's gross corruption and mismanagement. Businesses for the most part are owned by government officials and their family members. Undeveloped natural resources include titanium iron ore manganese uranium and alluvial gold. The country responded favorably to the devaluation of the CFA franc in January 1994. Boosts in production along with high world oil prices should further stimulate growth in 2000-2001.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 15% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coffee cocoa rice yams cassava (tapioca) bananas palm oil nuts; livestock; timber

Industries: petroleum fishing sawmilling natural gas

Industrial production growth rate: 7.4% (1994 est.)

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 30% (1998 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 6% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $555 million (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: petroleum timber cocoa
Partners: US 62% Spain 17% China 9% France 3% Japan 3% (1997)

Imports: $300 million (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: petroleum manufactured goods and equipment
Partners: US 35% France 15% Spain 10% Cameroon 10% UK 6% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $290 million (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 647.25 (January 2000) 615.70 (1999) 589.95 (1998) 583.67 (1997) 511.55 (1996) 499.15 (1995)


Equatorial Guinea - Energy 2000
top of page


Electricity access

Electricity production: 21 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 20 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Equatorial Guinea - Communication 2000
top of page


Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1995)

Telephone system: poor system with adequate government services

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Equatorial Guinea - Military 2000
top of page


Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3 million (FY97/98)
Percent of gdp: 0.6% (FY97/98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Equatorial Guinea - Transportation 2000
top of page


National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Equatorial Guinea - Transnational issues 2000
top of page


Disputes international: exclusive maritime economic zone boundary dispute with Cameroon is presently before the ICJ; maritime boundary dispute with Gabon because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay; maritime boundary dispute with Nigeria and Cameroon because of disputed jurisdiction over oil-rich areas in the Gulf of Guinea

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


CityPass


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it