Statistical information Ethiopia 2000Ethiopia

Map of Ethiopia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Ethiopia in the World
Ethiopia in the World

Travelex


Ethiopia - Introduction 2000
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Background: Unique among African countries the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule one exception being the Italian occupation of 1936-41. In 1974 a military junta the Derg deposed Emperor Haile SALASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups uprisings wide-scale drought and massive refugee problems the regime was finally toppled by a coalition of rebel forces the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in 1991. A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea that erupted in May 1998 has strengthened the ruling coalition but has hurt the nation's economy.


Ethiopia - Geography 2000
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Location: Eastern Africa west of Somalia

Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N 38 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

Elevation

Natural resources: small reserves of gold platinum copper potash natural gas hydropower
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 1900 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

Geography
Note: landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993


Ethiopia - People 2000
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Population: 64,117,452
Growth rate: 2.76% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Oromo 40% Amhara and Tigre 32% Sidamo 9% Shankella 6% Somali 6% Afar 4% Gurage 2% other 1%

Languages: Amharic Tigrinya Orominga Guaraginga Somali Arabic other local languages English (major foreign language taught in schools)

Religions: Muslim 45%-50% Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40% animist 12% other 3%-8%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.76% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 45.13 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 17.63 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.14 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 101.29 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 7.07 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Ethiopia - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: federal republic

Capital: Addis Ababa

Administrative divisions: 9 ethnically-based administrative regions (astedader akababiwach singular - astedader akabibi) and 2 chartered cities*: Addis Ababa*; Afar; Amhara Benishangul/Gumaz; Dire Dawa*; Gambela; Harar; Oromia; Somali; Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region; Tigray

Dependent areas

Independence: oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2000 years

National holiday: National Day 28 May (1991) (defeat of MENGISTU regime)

Constitution: ratified December 1994; effective 22 August 1995

Legal system: currently transitional mix of national and regional courts

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Federation or upper chamber (117 seats; members are chosen by state assemblies to serve five-year terms) and the House of People's Representatives or lower chamber (548 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote from single-member districts to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Federal Supreme Court; the president and vice president of the Federal Supreme Court are recommended by the prime minister and appointed by the House of People's Representatives; for other federal judges the prime minister submits candidates selected by the Federal Judicial Administrative Council to the House of People's Representatives for appointment

Political parties and leaders: All-Amhara People's Organization or AAPO [Dr. ASRAT Woldeyes]; Coalition of Alternative Forces for Peace and Democracy or CAFPD [leader NA]; Ethiopian Democratic Union or EDU [leader NA]; Ethiopian Movement for Democracy Peace and Unity or EMDPU [GOSHU Walde]; Ethiopian National Democratic Party or ENDP [NEBIYU Samuel FEKADU Gedamu]; Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front or EPRDF [MELES Zenawi]; Oromo Liberation Front or OLF [GELASA Dilbo]; dozens of small parties

International organization participation: ACP AfDB CCC ECA FAO G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM (observer) ISO ITU NAM OAU OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNU UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Ethiopia: three equal horizontal bands of green (top) yellow and red with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and the colors of her flag were so often adopted by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the pan-African colors

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Ethiopia - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Ethiopia's economy is based on agriculture which accounts for half of GDP 90% of exports and 80% of total employment. The agricultural sector suffers from frequent periods of drought and poor cultivation practices and as many as 4.6 million people need food assistance annually. Coffee is critical to the Ethiopian economy and Ethiopia earned $267 million in 1999 by exporting 105,000 metric tons. According to current estimates coffee contributes 10% of Ethiopia's GDP. More than 15 million people (25% of the population) derive their livelihood from the coffee sector. Other exports include live animals hides gold and qat. In December 1999 Ethiopia signed a $1.4 billion joint venture deal to develop a huge natural gas field in the Somali Regional State. The war with Eritrea has forced the government to spend scarce resources on the military and forced the government to scale back ambitious development plans. Foreign investment has declined significantly. Government taxes imposed in late 1999 to raise money for the war will depress an already weak economy. The war has forced the government to improve roads and other parts of the previously neglected infrastructure but only certain regions of the nation have benefited.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 0% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cereals pulses coffee oilseed sugarcane potatoes; hides cattle sheep goats

Industries: food processing beverages textiles chemicals metals processing cement

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation agriculture and animal husbandry: 80%
By occupation government and services: 12%
By occupation industry and construction: 8% (1985)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 4% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $420 million (f.o.b. 1998)
Commodities: coffee gold leather products oilseeds
Partners: Germany 22% Japan 12% Italy 9% UK 5% (1997 est.)

Imports: $1.25 billion (f.o.b. 1998 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Ethiopia - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.36 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 1.265 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Ethiopia - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Ethiopia - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Ethiopia - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Ethiopia - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Sesame


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