Statistical information Federated States of Micronesia 2000Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia

Map of Federated States of Micronesia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Federated States of Micronesia in the World
Federated States of Micronesia in the World

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Federated States of Micronesia - Introduction 2000
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Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia a UN Trust Territory under US administration adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment overfishing and overdependence on US aid.

Federated States of Micronesia - Geography 2000
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Location: Oceania island group in the North Pacific Ocean about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia

Geographic coordinates: 6 55 N 158 15 E

Map referenceOceania

Comparative: four times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 6,112 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; heavy year-round rainfall especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage

Terrain: islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei Kosrae and Truk


Natural resources: forests marine products deep-seabed minerals
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)

Note: four major island groups totaling 607 islands

Federated States of Micronesia - People 2000
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Population: 133,144 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 3.28% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups

Languages: English (official and common language) Trukese Pohnpeian Yapese Kosrean

Religions: Roman Catholic 50% Protestant 47% other and none 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.28% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 27.09 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 5.95 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 11.65 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: overfishing

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 33.48 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 3.83 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Federated States of Micronesia - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986

Capital: Palikir

Administrative divisions: 4 states; Chuuk (Truk) Kosrae Pohnpei Yap

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

National holiday: Proclamation of the Federated States of Micronesia 10 May (1979)

Constitution: 10 May 1979

Legal system: based on adapted Trust Territory laws acts of the legislature municipal common and customary laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Congress (14 seats; members elected by popular vote; four - one elected from each of state - to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population - to serve two-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders: no formal parties

International organization participation: AsDB ESCAP G-77 IBRD ICAO IDA IFC IMF Intelsat IOC ITU OPCW Sparteca SPC SPF UN UNCTAD WHO WMO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Federated%20States%20of%20Micronesia: light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Federated States of Micronesia - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue with the US pledged to spend $1.3 billion in the islands in 1986-2001. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3% (1997 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: black pepper tropical fruits and vegetables coconuts cassava (tapioca) sweet potatoes; pigs chickens

Industries: tourism construction fish processing craft items from shell wood and pearls

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: two-thirds are government employees
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 27% (1989)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 4% (1996 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $73 million (f.o.b. 1996 est.)
Commodities: fish garments bananas black pepper
Partners: Japan US Guam

Imports: $168 million (c.i.f. 1996 est.)
Commodities: food manufactured goods machinery and equipment beverages
Partners: US Japan Australia

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $111 million (1997 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Federated States of Micronesia - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports: NA kWh

Electricity imports: NA kWh

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Federated States of Micronesia - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Federated States of Micronesia - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Federated States of Micronesia - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km



Merchant marine: none (1999 est.)

Ports and terminals

Federated States of Micronesia - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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