Statistical information French Guiana 2000French%20Guiana

Map of French Guiana | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

French Guiana in the World
French Guiana in the World

Sightseeing Pass

French Guiana - Introduction 2000
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Background: First settled by the French in 1604 French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements until 1951. The European Space Agency launches its communication satellites from Kourou.

French Guiana - Geography 2000
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Location: Northern South America bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Brazil and Suriname

Geographic coordinates: 4 00 N 53 00 W

Map referenceSouth America

Comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

Land boundaries

Coastline: 378 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; hot humid; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains


Natural resources: bauxite timber gold (widely scattered) cinnabar kaolin fish
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: high frequency of heavy showers and severe thunderstorms; flooding

Note: mostly an unsettled wilderness

French Guiana - People 2000
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Population: 172,605 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 2.93% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: black or mulatto 66% white 12% East Indian Chinese Amerindian 12% other 10%

Languages: French

Religions: Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.93% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 22.44 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 4.76 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 11.59 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 13.99 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 3.21 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

French Guiana - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: NA

Capital: Cayenne

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: National Day Taking of the Bastille 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and a unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

Judicial branch: Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel (highest local court based in Martinique with jurisdiction over Martinique Guadeloupe and French Guiana)

Political parties and leaders: Action Democrate Guiana or ADG [Andre LECANTE]; Democratic and European Rally of the Senate or RDSE [leader NA]; Guianese Socialist Party or PSG [Marie-Claude VERDAN]; Guyana Democratic Forces or FDG [Georges OTHILY]; Nationalist Popular Party of Guyana (Parti Nationaliste Populaire Guiana) or PNPG [Jose DORCY]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Roland HO-WEN-SZE]; Socialist Party or PS [Pierre RIBARDIERE] (may be a subset of PSG); Union for French Democracy or UDF [R. CHOW-CHINE]; Union of Social Democrats (Union des Socialistes Democates) or USD [Theodore ROUMILLAC] (umbrella group of RPR and UDF); Walwari Committee [Christine TAUBIRA-DELANON]

International organization participation: FZ WCL WFTU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas department of France)
From the us: none (overseas department of France)

Flag descriptionflag of French%20Guiana: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

French Guiana - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: The economy is tied closely to that of France through subsidies and imports. Besides the French space center at Kourou fishing and forestry are the most important economic activities. The large reserves of tropical hardwoods not fully exploited support an expanding sawmill industry which provides sawn logs for export. Cultivation of crops is limited to the coastal area where the population is largely concentrated; rice and manioc are the major crops. French Guiana is heavily dependent on imports of food and energy. Unemployment is a serious problem particularly among younger workers.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: rice manioc (tapioca) sugar cocoa vegetables bananas; cattle pigs poultry

Industries: construction shrimp processing forestry products rum gold mining

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 58,800 (1997)
By occupation services government and commerce: 60.6%
By occupation industry: 21.2%
By occupation agriculture: 18.2% (1980)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 21.4% (1998 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.5% (1992)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $155 million (f.o.b. 1997)
Commodities: shrimp timber gold rum rosewood essence clothing
Partners: France 62% Switzerland 7% US 2% (1997)

Imports: $625 million (c.i.f. 1997)
Commodities: food (grains processed meat) machinery and transport equipment fuels and chemicals
Partners: France 52% US 14% Trinidad and Tobago 6% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.2 billion (1988)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2000) 1.0854 (2000) 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998) 5.8367 (1997) 5.1155 (1996)

French Guiana - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 430 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 400 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

French Guiana - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: fair open wire and microwave radio relay system
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .gf

Internet users: 2000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

French Guiana - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

French Guiana - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 11 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 4
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 2
With paved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 7
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 2
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 5 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 4
Over 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 2
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 7
914 to 1523 m: 2
Under 914 m: 5 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km (1995)


Note: 460 km navigable by small oceangoing vessels and coastal and river steamers

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

French Guiana - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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