Statistical information Gaza Strip 2000Gaza%20Strip

Map of Gaza Strip | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Gaza Strip in the World
Gaza Strip in the World

World Nomads

Gaza Strip - Introduction 2000
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Background: The Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (the DOP) signed in Washington on 13 September 1993 provides for a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Under the DOP Israel agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority which includes a Palestinian Legislative Council elected in January 1996 as part of interim self-governing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. A transfer of powers and responsibilities for the Gaza Strip and Jericho took place pursuant to the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area and in additional areas of the West Bank pursuant to the Israel-PLO 28 September 1995 Interim Agreement the Israel-PLO 15 January 1997 Protocol Concerning Redeployment in Hebron the Israel-PLO 23 October 1998 Wye River Memorandum and the 4 September 1999 Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement. The DOP provides that Israel will retain responsibility during the transitional period for external security and for internal security and public order of settlements and Israeli citizens. Permanent status is to be determined through direct negotiations which resumed in September 1999 after a three-year hiatus.

Gaza Strip - Geography 2000
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Location: Middle East bordering the Mediterranean Sea between Egypt and Israel

Geographic coordinates: 31 25 N 34 20 E

Map referenceMiddle East

Comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries

Coastline: 40 km

Maritime claims: Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation

Climate: temperate mild winters dry and warm to hot summers

Terrain: flat to rolling sand- and dune-covered coastal plain


Natural resources: arable land
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 120 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: there are 24 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Gaza Strip (August 1999 est.)

Gaza Strip - People 2000
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Population: 1,132,063
Growth rate: 3.97% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: NA
Adjective: NA

Ethnic groups: Palestinian Arab and other 99.4% Jewish 0.6%

Languages: Arabic Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians) English (widely understood)

Religions: Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 98.7% Christian 0.7% Jewish 0.6%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.97% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 43.14 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 4.31 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.83 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: desertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male/female
Total population: 1.03 male/female (2000 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 25.37 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.01 years
Male: 69.76 years
Female: 72.32 years (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.42 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: NA
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Gaza Strip - Government 2000
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Gaza Strip
Local long form: none
Local short form: Qita Ghazzah

Government type


Administrative divisions

Dependent areas


National holiday


Legal system

International law organization participation



Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Gaza%20Strip

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Gaza Strip - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Economic output in the Gaza Strip - which comes under the responsibility of the Palestinian Authority since the Cairo Agreement of May 1994 - declined perhaps one-third between 1992 and 1996. The downturn was largely the result of Israeli closure policies - the imposition of generalized border closures in response to security incidents in Israel - which disrupted previously established labor and commodity market relationships between Israel and the WBGS (West Bank and Gaza Strip). The most serious negative social effect of this downturn was the emergence of high unemployment; unemployment in the WBGS during the 1980s was generally under 5%; by 1995 it had risen to over 20%. Since 1997 Israel's use of comprehensive closures has decreased and in 1998 Israel implemented new policies to reduce the impact of closures and other security procedures on the movement of Palestinian goods and labor. These changes fueled an almost three-year long economic recovery in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; real GDP grew by 5% in 1998 and 6% in 1999. Recovery was upended in the last quarter of 2000 with the outbreak of Palestinian violence which triggered tight Israeli closures of Palestinian self-rule areas and a severe disruption of trade and labor movements.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -7.5% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 9%
Industry: 28%
Services: 63% (1999 est., includes West Bank)

Agriculture products: olives citrus vegetables; beef dairy products

Industries: generally small family businesses that produce textiles soap olive-wood carvings and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale modern industries in an industrial center

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation services: 66%
By occupation industry: 21%
By occupation agriculture: 13% (1996)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 40% (includes West Bank) (yearend 2000)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $1.6 billion
Expenditures: $1.73 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA
Note: includes West Bank (1999 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3% (includes West Bank) (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $682 million (f.o.b. 1998 est.) (includes West Bank)
Commodities: citrus flowers
Partners: Israel Egypt West Bank

Imports: $2.5 billion (c.i.f. 1998 est.) (includes West Bank)
Commodities: food consumer goods construction materials
Partners: Israel Egypt West Bank

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $108 million (1997 est.) (includes West Bank)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: new Israeli shekels per US dollar - 4.0810 (December 2000) 4.0773 (2000) 4.1397 (1999) 3.8001 (1998) 3.4494 (1997) 3.1917 (1996)

Gaza Strip - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by Israel

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by Israel

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Gaza Strip - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: rudimentary telephone services provided by an open wire system
International: NA

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users: 23,520 (1999) (includes West Bank)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Gaza Strip - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Gaza Strip - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Note: includes Gaza International Airport that opened on 24 November 1998 as part of agreements stipulated in the September 1995 Oslo II Accord and the 23 October 1998 Wye River Memorandum (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 1
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
Over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)



Total: NA km; note - one line, abandoned and in disrepair, little trackage remains


Waterways: none

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Gaza Strip - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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