Statistical information Ghana 2000Ghana

Map of Ghana | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Ghana in the World
Ghana in the World

The Fives Hotels


Ghana - Introduction 2000
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Background: Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory Ghana in 1957 became the first country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. A long series of coups resulted in the suspension of the constitution in 1981 and the banning of political parties. A new constitution restoring multiparty politics was approved in 1992.


Ghana - Geography 2000
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Location: Western Africa bordering the Gulf of Guinea between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N 2 00 W

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries

Coastline: 539 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

Elevation

Natural resources: gold timber industrial diamonds bauxite manganese fish rubber hydropower
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 60 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: dry dusty harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts

Geography
Note: Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake; northeasterly harmattan wind (January to March)


Ghana - People 2000
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Population: 19,533,560
Growth rate: 1.87% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 31.4% (1992 est.)

Nationality

Ethnic groups: black African 99.8% (major tribes - Akan 44% Moshi-Dagomba 16% Ewe 13% Ga 8%) European and other 0.2%

Languages: English (official) African languages (including Akan Moshi-Dagomba Ewe and Ga)

Religions: indigenous beliefs 38% Muslim 30% Christian 24% other 8%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.87% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 29.81 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 10.22 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.89 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: recent drought in north severely affecting agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 57.43 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 3.95 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Ghana - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: constitutional democracy

Capital: Accra

Administrative divisions: 10 regions; Ashanti Brong-Ahafo Central Eastern Greater Accra Northern Upper East Upper West Volta Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 March 1957 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 6 March (1957)

Constitution: new constitution approved 28 April 1992

Legal system: based on English common law and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (200 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders: Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere or EGLE [Owuraku AMOFA chairman]; National Convention Party or NCP [Sarpong KUMA-KUMA]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [Dr. Huudu YAHAYA general secretary]; New Patriotic Party or NPP [Peter Ala ADJETY]; People's Convention Party or PCP [P. K. DONKOH-AYIFI acting chairman]; People's Heritage Party or PHP [Emmanuel Alexander ERSKINE]; People's National Convention or PNC [Edward MAHAMA]

International organization participation: ACP AfDB C CCC ECA ECOWAS FAO G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM (observer) ISO ITU MINURSO NAM OAS (observer) OAU OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNIFIL UNIKOM UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOP UNMOT UNTAET UNU UPU WCL WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Ghana: three equal horizontal bands of red (top) yellow and green with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Ghana - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Well endowed with natural resources Ghana has twice the per capita output of the poorer countries in West Africa. Even so Ghana remains heavily dependent on international financial and technical assistance. Gold timber and cocoa production are major sources of foreign exchange. The domestic economy continues to revolve around subsistence agriculture which accounts for 40% of GDP and employs 60% of the work force mainly small landholders. In 1995-97 Ghana made mixed progress under a three-year structural adjustment program in cooperation with the IMF. On the minus side public sector wage increases and regional peacekeeping commitments have led to continued inflationary deficit financing depreciation of the cedi and rising public discontent with Ghana's austerity measures. A rebound in gold prices is likely to push growth over 5% in 2000-01.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4.3% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cocoa rice coffee cassava (tapioca) peanuts corn shea nuts bananas; timber

Industries: mining lumbering light manufacturing aluminum smelting food processing

Industrial production growth rate: 4.2% (1996 est.)

Labor force: 4 million
By occupation agriculture: 60%
By occupation industry: 15%
By occupation services: 25% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 20% (1997 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 31.4% (1992 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 12.8% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.7 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: gold cocoa timber tuna bauxite aluminum manganese ore diamonds
Partners: Togo UK Italy Netherlands Germany US France (1998)

Imports: $2.5 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: capital equipment petroleum foodstuffs
Partners: UK Nigeria US Germany Italy Spain (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $6 billion (1998 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: new cedis per US$1 - 3,467 (December 1999) 2,647 (1999) 2,314 (1998) 2,050 (1997) 1637.23 (1996) 1200.43 (1995)


Ghana - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 6.206 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 5.437 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 400 million kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 65 million kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Ghana - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 30,000 (yearend 1998)

Telephone system: poor to fair system; Internet accessible; many rural communities not yet connected; expansion of services is underway

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Ghana - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $53 million (FY99)
Percent of gdp: 0.7% (FY99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Ghana - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 12 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: 0 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: Volta Ankobra and Tano Rivers provide 168 km of perennial navigation for launches and lighters; Lake Volta provides 1125 km of arterial and feeder waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Ghana - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; transit hub for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and South American cocaine destined for Europe and the US


Undercover Tourist


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