Statistical information Greenland 2000Greenland

Map of Greenland | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Greenland in the World
Greenland in the World


Greenland - Introduction 2000
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Background: The world's largest island about 84% ice-capped Greenland was granted self-government in 1978 by the Danish parliament. The law went into effect the following year.

Greenland - Geography 2000
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Location: Northern North America island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean northeast of Canada

Geographic coordinates: 72 00 N 40 00 W

Map referenceArctic Region

Total: 2,175,600 km²
Land: 2,175,600 km² (341,700 km² ice-free, 1,833,900 km² ice-covered) (est.)
Comparative: slightly more than three times the size of Texas

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 44,087 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
Territorial sea: 3 NM

Climate: arctic to subarctic; cool summers cold winters

Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow mountainous barren rocky coast

Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Gunnbjorn 3,700 m

Natural resources: zinc lead iron ore coal molybdenum gold platinum uranium fish seals whales hydropower possible oil and gas
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 1%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 99% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island

Note: dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast but close to one-quarter of the population lives in the capital Nuuk; world's second largest ice cap

Greenland - People 2000
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Population: 56,352 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.06% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Greenlander
Adjective: Greenlandic

Ethnic groups: Greenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites) Danish and others 12% (January 2000)

Languages: Greenlandic (East Inuit) Danish English

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 26.69% (male 7,649; female 7,392)
15-64 years: 67.87% (male 20,868; female 17,376)
65 years and over: 5.44% (male 1,385; female 1,682) (2000 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.06% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 16.52 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 7.58 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -8.38 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: protection of the arctic environment; preservation of the Inuit traditional way of life including whaling and seal hunting

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.02 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male/female
15-64 years: 1.2 male/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male/female
Total population: 1.13 male/female (2000 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17.77 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 68.37 years
Male: 64.82 years
Female: 72.01 years (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.44 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: 100 (1999)
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: NA
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%
Note: similar to Denmark proper

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Greenland - Government 2000
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Greenland
Local long form: none
Local short form: Kalaallit Nunaat

Government type: parliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy

Capital: Nuuk (Godthab)

Administrative divisions
Note: there are 18 municipalities in Greenland

Dependent areas

Note: foreign affairs is the responsibility of Denmark, but Greenland actively participates in international agreements relating to Greenland

National holiday: June 21 (longest day)

Constitution: 5 June 1953 (Danish constitution)

Legal system: Danish

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II of Denmark (since 14 January 1972), represented by High Commissioner Gunnar MARTENS (since NA 1995)
Head of government: Prime Minister Jonathan MOTZFELDT (since 19 September 1997)
Cabinet: Home Rule Government is elected by the Parliament (Landstinget) on the basis of the strength of parties
Elections: the monarch is hereditary; high commissioner appointed by the monarch; prime minister is elected by Parliament (usually the leader of the majority party); election last held 16 February 1999 (next to be held NA February 2003)
Election results: Jonathan MOTZFELDT reelected prime minister following the 16 February 1999 elections; percent of parliamentary vote - 57.3%
Note: government coalition - Siumut and Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA)

Legislative branch
Elections: last held on 16 February 1999 (next to be held by NA February 2003)
Election results: percent of vote by party - Siumut 35.2%, Inuit Ataqatigiit 22.1%, Atassut Party 25.2%, Candidate's League 12.3%, independent 5.2%; seats by party - Siumut 11, Atassut 8, Inuit Ataqatigiit 7, Candidate List 4, independent 1
Note: two representatives were elected to the Danish Parliament or Folketing on 11 March 1998 (next to be held by not later than March 2002); percent of vote by party - Siumut 35.6%, Atassut 35.2%; seats by party - Siumut 1, Atassut 1; Greenlandic representatives are affiliated with Danish political parties (Siamut with Social Democratic Party and Atassut with Liberal Party)

Judicial branch: High Court or Landsret (appeals can be made to the Ostre Landsret or Eastern Division of the High Court or Supreme Court in Copenhagen)

Political parties and leaders: Akulliit Party [Bjarne KREUTZMANN]; Atassut Party (Solidarity a conservative party favoring continuing close relations with Denmark) [Daniel SKIFTE]; Inuit Ataqatigiit or IA (Eskimo Brotherhood a leftist party favoring complete independence from Denmark rather than home rule) [Josef MOTZFELDT]; Issituup (Polar Party) [Nicolai HEINRICH]; Kattusseqatigiit (Candidate List an independent right-of-center party with no official platform [leader NA]; Siumut (Forward Party a social democratic party advocating more distinct Greenlandic identity and greater autonomy from Denmark) [Jonathan MOTZFELDT]

International organization participation: ICC NC NIB

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)
From the us: none (self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark)

Flag descriptionflag of Greenland: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a large disk slightly to the hoist side of center - the top half of the disk is red the bottom half is white

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Greenland - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: The economy remains critically dependent on exports of fish and substantial support from the Danish Government which supplies about half of government revenues. The public sector including publicly owned enterprises and the municipalities plays the dominant role in the economy. Despite several interesting hydrocarbon and minerals exploration activities it will take several years before production can materialize. Tourism is the only sector offering any near-term potential and even this is limited due to a short season and high costs.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: forage crops garden and greenhouse vegetables; sheep reindeer; fish

Industries: fish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut) handicrafts furs small shipyards

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 24,500 (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 7% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $646 million
Expenditures: $629 million, including capital expenditures of $85 million (1999)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.6% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $276 million (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: fish and fish products 94%
Partners: EU (mainly Denmark) 85% Japan 8% US 2% (1999)

Imports: $400 million (c.i.f. 1999)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment manufactured goods food petroleum products
Partners: EU (mostly Denmark) Norway US Canada

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $25 million (1999)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Danish kroner per US dollar - 7.951 (January 2000) 8.083 (2000) 6.976 (1999) 6.701 (1998) 6.604 (1997) 5.799 (1996)

Greenland - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 250 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 41%
By source hydro: 59%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0%
By source note: Greenland is shifting its electricity production from fossil fuel to hydroelectric power production (1999)

Electricity consumption: 232.5 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Greenland - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 12,676 (end 1999)

Telephone system
General assessment: adequate domestic and international service provided by satellite, cables and microwave radio relay; totally digitalized in 1995
Domestic: microwave radio relay and satellite
International: satellite earth stations - 12 Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat, 2 Americom GE-2 (all Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .gl

Internet users: 4,008 (1999)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Greenland - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Greenland - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 13 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 8
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 4 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 5
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 3
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 8
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 4 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 5
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 3
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 3,289 GRT/1,500 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 1, passenger 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Greenland - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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