Statistical information Guadeloupe 2000Guadeloupe

Map of Guadeloupe | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Guadeloupe in the World
Guadeloupe in the World

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Guadeloupe - Introduction 2000
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Background: Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint-Martin is divided with the Netherlands (whose southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles).

Guadeloupe - Geography 2000
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Location: Caribbean islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea southeast of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates: 16 15 N 61 35 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Comparative: 10 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries

Coastline: 306 km

Maritime claims

Climate: subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity

Terrain: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin


Natural resources: cultivable land beaches and climate that foster tourism
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 30 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hurricanes (June to October); Soufriere is an active volcano


Guadeloupe - People 2000
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Population: 426,493 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 1.11% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: black or mulatto 90% white 5% East Indian Lebanese Chinese less than 5%

Languages: French (official) 99% Creole patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 95% Hindu and pagan African 4% Protestant 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.11% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 17.25 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 6.01 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.15 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9.77 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.93 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guadeloupe - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: NA

Capital: Basse-Terre

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: National Day Taking of the Bastille 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council or Conseil General (42 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and the unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel with jurisdiction over Guadeloupe French Guiana and Martinique

Political parties and leaders: Christian Movement for the Liberation of Guadeloupe or KLPG; Communist Party of Guadeloupe or PCG [Christian CELESTE]; diverse left parties [Jacques GILLOT]; diverse right parties [Simon IBO]; FGPS Dissidents or FRUI.G [Dominique LARIFLA]; Movement for an Independent Guadeloupe or MPGI [Luc REINETTE]; Popular Union for the Liberation of Guadeloupe or UPLG [Lucien PERRUTIN]; Progressive Democratic Party or PPDG [Henri BANGOU]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Aldo BLAISE]; Socialist Party or PS [Abdon SAMAN]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Marcel ESDRAS]

International organization participation: FZ WCL WFTU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas department of France)
From the us: none (overseas department of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Guadeloupe: three horizontal bands a narrow green band (top) a wide red band and a narrow green band; the green bands are separated from the red band by two narrow white stripes; a gold five-pointed star is centered in the red band toward the hoist side; the flag of France is used for official occasions

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guadeloupe - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: The economy depends on agriculture tourism light industry and services. It also depends on France for large subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry with most tourists from the US; an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands. The traditional sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings) eggplant and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption although Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food mainly from France. Light industry features sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young. Hurricanes periodically devastate the economy.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: bananas sugarcane tropical fruits and vegetables; cattle pigs goats

Industries: construction cement rum sugar tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 125,900 (1997)
By occupation agriculture: 15%
By occupation industry: 17%
By occupation services: 68% (1997)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 27.8% (1998)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $140 million (f.o.b. 1997)
Commodities: bananas sugar rum
Partners: France 60% Martinique 18% US 4% (1997)

Imports: $1.7 billion (c.i.f. 1997)
Commodities: foodstuffs fuels vehicles clothing and other consumer goods construction materials
Partners: France 63% Germany 4% US 3% Japan 2% Netherlands Antilles 2% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $N/A

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: euros per US$1 - 0.9867 (January 2000) 0.9386 (1999); French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.65 (January 1999) 5.8995 (1998) 5.8367 (1997) 5.1155(1996) 4.9915 (1995)

Guadeloupe - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.22 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 1.135 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guadeloupe - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 814 (1990)

Telephone system: domestic facilities inadequate

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guadeloupe - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guadeloupe - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 9 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Guadeloupe - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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